French rev

The French Revolution and Napoleon

  • Old-Regime took place

    Old-Regime took place
    Its a social and political system that took place before 1789's, in order political culture and revolutionize. People of France were put into three large classes, or estate: 1st: Was the Roman Catholic church, where they owe 10% of france's land and 2% of the income. 2nd: Was the Nobility who owe 20% of land and 1% of income. 3rd: Was the Nobality and theymade 97% of France's People.
  • Estates-General in Versailles

    Estates-General in Versailles
    This was the time where King Louis the 18th struggled where he wanted more money because he spent it with his wife, Marie Antoinette. But the bankers refused and it was a crisis where the debt will keep rising. He instand of cutting expenses, and taxing the nobility, he was forced to go to this meeting. It was a way if the tax can be approved.
  • The Third Estate is known as the National Assembly, and was created

    The third estate is the largest group of the three estates. It was a time to make changes in the government. So all three met and chose the third estate. They wanted more of a wield power, while the king wanted the estate-general to follow rules. A spokesman, named Emmanuel-Joseph Sieyes, made a speech and made a choice of naming themselves as the National Assembly, to pass laws and to reforms in the name of the people. 3 days later, they argreed and was established on this day.
  • A pledge as the Tennis Court Oath

    When it was three days later establishing the National Assembly, apparently the third delegates found out they were locked out of their meeting room. So what they did to get in, they broke down a door which lead to a indoor tennis court, and decided they won't leave until a new consitution has been made. And they created this: A written pledge.
  • Storming of the Bastille ignites the French Revolution

    Storming of the Bastille ignites the French Revolution
    It was a time where people thought King Louis was going use miltary force to dismiss the National Assembly. While others charged foreign troops were thinking they were going to Paris to kill French citizens. So people start attacking the city with weapons, many guards where murdered. IT's been a french national holiday, just like the Fourth of July, here
  • The Great Fear began

    A Rural violence of Great Fear breaks out; peasants lash out at feudal landlords for several weeks.As a senseless of panic, they outlaw themselves and was armed with pitchforks and destoryed property papers of legal land. They even burned down some manors. Then in October, woman was crazy and chaos over the price of bread. First threaned the National Assembly and turned to the king and queen. After demanding them to leave, Louis agreed to move to Paris. Once they left more powe went over them.
  • Declaration of Rights of Man and of the Citizens were created!

    This allows people(men) to share the same rights like anyone else.
  • King Louis tries to escape!

    King Louis feared being a monarch, and how the National Assembly restrutured between church and state. Some of his advisors warned him and his family were in danger. So they took off on June 20, and was captured and returned to Paris; a person recgnize him from his portrait.
  • National Assembly created the Legislative Assembly

    The first was created in September 1791 and was in session from Oct. 1, 1791, to Sept. 20, 1792, when it was replaced by the National Convention, marking the formal beginning of the (First) Republic. It was to limit and strip much of the king's authority, and before that in september, the king agrees to the new constution.
  • Alliance of Austria and Prussia

    Austria & Prussia sign anti-French covenant
  • Legislative Assembly declared war on Prussia and Austria

    By 1792, European Monarchs were eyeing France with suspicion. They had seen the overthrow of Louis XVI, by the French people, and worried that revolutionary fervor would spread to their countries. However, the monarchs were too suspecting of each other to unite against France.While elsewhere in Europe caution was being displayed, in France the public opinion was for war. Reactionaries and the monarchy wanted war because they thought that the new government would be easily defeated by
  • France delcares war against Austria, then invades the netherlands

    France declared war on Austria first, with the Assembly voting for war on 20 April 1792, after a long list of grievances presented by foreign minister Dumouriez. Dumouriez prepared an immediate invasion of the Austrian Netherlands, where he expected the local population to rise against Austrian rule. However, the revolution had thoroughly disorganized the army, and the forces raised were insufficient for the invasion. Following the declaration of war, French soldiers deserted en masse and, in on
  • Austria and Prussia then invades France

    Allies of Prussian, Austrian, German, and the France, under Duke of Brunswick, brother-in-law of George the Third of England, invaded frances on this date, and the french won the victory of the battle of Jemmapes, November 6th. They rescued Beligum from Austria and the German Emperor.
  • September's Massacre

    This event involved France troops defending Paris were forced into the field. And people started to rumor that the spread of the supporters of the king held in Paris prisons to break out and seize control of the city. Serveral days there raided of prisons and murdered over 1000 prisoners. Many priests, nobles and royalist wer victims to the mobs.
  • Dissolution of Legislative Assembly

    The Legislative Assembly was replaced with the National Convention on this date
  • Jacobins takes control

    After the March on Versailles in October 1789, the club, still entirely composed of deputies, followed the National Constituent Assembly to Paris, where it rented the refectory of the monastery of the Jacobins in the Rue Saint-Honoré, adjacent to the seat of the Assembly. The name "Jacobins", given in France to the Dominicans (because their first house in Paris was in the Rue St Jacques), was first applied to the club in ridicule by its enemies. The title assumed by the club itself, after the pr
  • Legislative Assembly sets aside the National Convention

    As the legislative faced under pressure of the mobs attacking, killing, and seizing over the city, they had to put the 1791 constiution out of the way. It declared the king deposed, dizzolved the assembly, and call for a new legislative- the National Convention and took office of this date. It abolished the monarchy and declared France republic. Adult males granted right to vote and hold office; women, however, couldn't.
  • King Louis's execution and the Reign of Terror

    After events on the 10 August 1792, which saw the fall of the monarchy after the attack on the Tuileries by insurgents, Louis was arrested, interned in the Temple prison with his family, tried for high treason before the National Convention, found guilty by almost all (and 'not guilty' by none), and condemned to death by a slight majority. His execution made him the first victim of the Reign of Terror. His wife Marie Antoinette was guillotined on 16 October, the same year.
  • La Marseillaise wrote/composed a song for the Battle Hymn of the Army of the Rhine

    La Marseillaise wrote/composed a song for the  Battle Hymn of the Army of the Rhine
    On 25 April 1792, the mayor of Strasbourg requested his guest Rouget de Lisle compose a song "that will rally our soldiers from all over to defend their homeland that is under threat".[1] That evening, Rouget de Lisle wrote Chant de guerre pour l'Armée du Rhin[2] (English: "War Song for the Army of the Rhine"), and dedicated the song to Marshal Nicolas Luckner, a Bavarian in French service from Cham.[3] The melody soon became the rallying call to the French Revolution and was adopted as La Marse
  • Robespierre elected to Committee of Public Safety.

    After the fall of the monarchy, France faced troubles as the war and the civil war continued. A stable government was needed to quell the chaos.[14] On 11 March 1793, a Revolutionary Tribunal was established by Jacobins in the Convention.[42] On 6 April, the nine-member Committee of Public Safety replaced the larger Committee of General Defense. On 27 July 1793, Robespierre was elected to the Committee, although he had not sought the position.[43]
  • Marie Antoinette was thened hanged

    9 months after her husband, King Louis was guillotined, and she was taking away from him by the National Convention, she was finally hung on this day
  • Robespierre arrested

     Robespierre arrested
    Fearing, some members of the National Convention on him. They demanded his arrest and execution. The Reign of Terror ended on July 28, 1794. When he was leader, he thought France as a dictator. The task to be part of the Committee of Public safety was to protect revolution from the enemies. He was troubled by racials who challenged his leadership. Georges Danton found himself int danger, and many where sentenced to death. 85%.
  • Napoleon, a new leader, appointed by the Directory to lead the French Army

    The Directory appointed Napoleon to lead against the forces of Austria and the Kingdom of Sardinia. The general made great victories throughout Italy. He then hade to protect France trade interests without Great Britain making a trade with India; he led his troops to Europe, he then was attacked by the british, Horatio Nelson and was defeated. However, he decides to lie and keep it out of the papers.
  • Napoleon overthrows the Directory through a Coup d'etat

    He was invited to join the coup ever since he had contol over the local miltary forces. He did not create or plan the coup, but all he want was to join it and to serve as muscle against the lawful Director. He truns to the table with his co-conspirators and became the First Consul.
  • The plebicite gave Napoleon power as first consul

    They thought of Napoleon as a strong leadership; people favored in the constitution.
  • The Concordat was signed

    One area where he disregarded changes by revolution was religion. Both clergy and peasants wanted to restore postion of Church in France. To have their wishes, he had to sign this between him and the Pope Pius VII
  • Napoleon sells Louisiana Terroritory

    Why sell for $15 million dollars? Well three reasons: It was hard to defend the terrority from the invaders. The British or the U.S may take it away, anytime. He needed fund money to conquered and e aggresive in europe, and just by selling it could improve by increasing power
  • The Napoleonic Code

    Napoleon attended in person 36 of the commission's 87 meetings. Although the draft was completed at the end of 1801, the Code was not published until 21 March 1804.
  • Napoleon Crowns Himself emperor in the European Emperor

    Napoleon crowns himself Emperor in Notre-Dame Cathedral, Paris, and the french voters supported him. The pope waited for him, he took the crown from him. He thought he was more powerful than the Church.
  • Lost, but important battle to Napoleon- Battle of Trafalgar

    This defeat, was the most important victories of all. It took place southwest coast of Spain. British commander, Horatio Nelson, it was brilliant to Napoleon at sea. Destruction of the french fleet had two major results-showed that Britain had the best navy and napoleon could not invade of Britain.
  • Napoleon then plans to create blockage on Britain

    a system of economic and political measures instituted in 1806–14 by Napoleonic France against its enemy, Great Britain. in the Berlin Decree of Napoleon I. The decree on the continental blockade prohibited the carrying on of trade, postal, and other relations with the British Isles; the blockade was applied to all countries under French authority dependent on France, or allied with France. No trade could be made between Britain.
  • Blockage caused the Peninsula War

    The Peninsular War, 1808-1813. Frustrated by Portugal's defiance of his Continental Blockade against trade with Great Britan, Napoleon ordered General Jerot to march French troops over the Pyrenees.
  • Russian Campaign begins

    Napoleon led his army into Russia.Napoleon expected a short war, to punish Czar Alexander I for his misbehavior in leaving the Continental System. Napoleon took around 600,000 men into Russia. He planned to confront the Russian army in a major battle, the kind of battle he usually won. In September, Napoleon entered Moscow, wintered occured. He had 600,000 men, but fewer than 100,000 made it out. He was made with Russsia because they were selling gain to Britain. He creates scorehed-earth policy
  • Prussia declares war on France

    the day Alexander I of Russia arrived in the Hoflager of Frederick William III of Prussia - Prussia declared war on France. On 20 March 1813 the Schlesische privilegierte Zeitung newspaper published Frederick's speech entitled An Mein Volk, delivered on 17 March and calling for a war of liberation. In addition to newly formed Prussian units such as the Landwehr and Landsturm, the initial fighting was undertaken by volunteers such as German volunteer troops and Jäger and Free Corps (such as the L
  • Battle of Leipzig

    Via the Trachenberg Plan, the ministers of Prussia, Russia and Sweden agreed to pursue a single allied strategy against Napoleon. The high point of this strategy was the Battle of Leipzig in October 1813, which ended in Napoleon's defeat. The Confederation of the Rhine, an alliance of west German rulers allied to France, had already lost battles against the Allies in Bavaria and Saxony and after the defeat at Leipzig dissolved completely. This completely broke Napoleon's power to the east of the
  • Klemens Von metterncih and the congress of vienna 1814-1815

    Klemens Von metterncih and the congress of vienna 1814-1815
    Austrian statesman Klemens Wenzel von Metternich, and held in Vienna from September 1814 to June 1815. The objective of the Congress was to provide a long-term peace for Europe by settling critical issues arising from the French Revolutionary Wars and the Napoleonic Wars. The goal was not simply to restore old boundaries, but to resize the main powers so they could balance each other off and remain at peace. The leaders were conservatives with little use for republicanism or revolution
  • Congress of Vienna and what they have plan out

    Congress of Vienna and what they have plan out
    As agreed at the first Treaty of Paris in 1814, a congress of the Great Powers of Europe met at Vienna to settle the future boundaries of the continent. Almost every state in Europe was represented. The emperors of Austria and Russia, the kings of Prussia, Denmark, Bavaria and Württemberg and many German princes including the Elector of Hesse, the Grand Duke of Baden and the dukes of Saxe-Weimar, Brunswick and Coburg, attended in person. They wanted to create peace between the 5 countries
  • Congress of Vienna

    Congress of Vienna
    As agreed at the first Treaty of Paris in 1814, a congress of the Great Powers of Europe met at Vienna to settle the future boundaries of the continent. Almost every state in Europe was represented. The emperors of Austria and Russia, the kings of Prussia, Denmark, Bavaria and Württemberg and many German princes including the Elector of Hesse, the Grand Duke of Baden and the dukes of Saxe-Weimar, Brunswick and Coburg, attended in person. It last till June, 8th 1815
  • Naploeon escapes Elba for his return to be emperor of france again

    Naploeon escapes Elba for his return to be emperor of france again
    After hearing news about how everyone doesn't like King Louis's brother, he escapes Elba and lands in South France.Crowds welcomed him back. He was emperor again.
  • Louis flees, and Napoleon takes "Hundred Days" Campaign

    Since King Louis had no supporters or voters, he left his throne. This gave Napoleon his emperor throne again.
  • Napoleon defeated in Waterloo

    After he was emperor once again in france, because Louis's brother was unpopular, especially to the peasants. They wanted him to undo the revolution land reforms. Napoleon was happy about the news. However, the european allies, led by Duke Wellington, prepare battle in the villege near Waterloo. Napoleon attacked, and the British defeated all day. Except, the Prussian army arrived and both the two enemies fought Napoleon. Two days later, he and his troops were tried and gave up. He lost.
  • Napoleon is exhiled to Saint Helena

    Napoleon is exhiled to Saint Helena
    Once he was defeated during his hundred days, Napoleon was shipped by the British, where he lived on an island for 6 years of the South Atlantic until his death.
  • Napoleon died

    Napoleon died
    After 6 years in St. Helena, he died to what they thought to be a stomach cancer