Under this system, the people of France were divided into three estates.
France's government sank deeply into debt.
Napoleon Bonaparte education
Napoleon Bonaparte's parents sent him to a military school.
France's economy was in decline. This caused alarm, particulary in the Third Estate.
Napoleon finished school and became a lieutenant.
Bankers refused to lend the goverment any more money, Louis faced serious problems.
Population of France
1% of France is the First Estate, 2% of France is the Second Estate and 97% of France is the Third Estate.
The price of bread doubled, and many people faced starvation.
The Second Estate force a metting of the Estates-General an assembly of represantatives from all three estaes to approve new taxes at Versailles.
Dawn of the Revolution
By a speech of Emmanuel Sieyes the Third Estate voted to establish the National Assembly un effect the start of representative government and the end of absolute monarchy.
Tennis Court Oath
The Third Estate delegates found a tennis court in his meeting room and they pledge there to stay until they had a drawn up a new constitution.
The fall of the Bastille, a Paris prison. This day become a French national holiday.
The Assembly Reforms France
Noblemen made speeches, declaring their love of liberty and equality.
The Rights of Man
The National Assembly adopted the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen.
Thousands of Parisian women rioted over the rising prices. They broke the palace and killed some guards and demanded that the kings had to return to Paris, later Louis agreed and goes.
The delegates had made significant changes in France's government and society.
Louis Tries to Escape
Louis and his family tried to escape to the Austrian Netherlands.
A Limited Monarchy
The National Assembly completed the new constitution, which Louis approved. It stripped the king of much his authority. It also created the Legislative Assembly.
Legislative Assembly Split
With all the old problems and debt, the Legislative Assembly had to split in three groups: the radicals, moderates and the conservatives.
War and Execution
The Legislative Assembly declare war to Austria and Prussia.
France at War
The war began badly for France. Prussia advanced to Paris.
Prussia attacked Paris and imprisoned Louis and Marie Antoinette.
They murdered over 1,000 prisoners.
Under the pressure from radicals the Legislative Assembly called for a new one legislature.
Jacobins Take Control
Most of the people involved in the governmental changes were members of a radical political organization, the Jacobins club.
Olympe de Gouges
She was declared an enemy of the Revolution and was executed.
Louis was sentenced to death in the machine the guillotine.
The War Continues
Great Britain, Holland and Spain joined Prussia and Austria against France and they suffered a string of defeats.
The Convention ordered a draft of 300,000 citizens.
Robespierre Assumes Control
Maximilien Robespierre a Jacobin leader gained power.
Charlotte Corday killed Jean-Paul a newspaper editor, he called the death of all those who continued to support the king.
Reign of Terror
Robespierre became leader of the Comittee of Public Safety. Robespierre governed France as a dictator, and the period of his rule became known as the Reign of Terror.
Enemies of the Revolution
Many of those who had led the Revolution recieved death sentences. Their only crime was that they were considered less radical than Robespierre.
The army had grown to 800,000.
Danton was killed in the guillotine and the authority denied him the right to speak because he was too skillfully defending himself.
End of Terror
The Reign of Terror ends with the execution of Robespierre in the guillotine.
The Right General
The Directory found the right general, Napoleon.
The National Convention drafted a new plan of government, the Directory.
Hero of the Hour
Napoleon became the heroe of the hour because when royalist rebels marched on the National Convention, he greeted the royalists witha a cannonade and the attackes fled in panic and then was hailed troughout Paris as the savior of the French Republic.
Napoleon"s First Wars
The Directory appointed Napoleon to lead a French army against the forces of Austria and Sardinia. Then he defeated Italy and then the British defeated his naval forces.
Coup d' Etat
The Directory lost the control of the political situation. That is why Napoleon took the title of consul and assumed the powers of a dictator.
Britain, Austria and Russia
Britain, Austria and Russia joined forces with the goal of drive Napoleon from power, finally they sign a treat of peace with France .
Napoleon's absolute power
The plebiscite voted in favor of the constitution that gave all power to Napoleon.
Europe was at peace for the first time in ten years.
Napoleon rules France
Napoleon did very changes in France, he opened lycees or government public schools, he signed a concordant or agreement with the Church and he do a new system of laws known as the Napoleonic Code.
Napoleon became an emperor.
The Battle of Trafalgar
Napoleon lost the Battle of Traflgar against the British Horatio Nelson.
The Continental System
Napoleon set up a blockade to prevent trade between Britain and Europe, and he called this policy the Continental System because it was supposed to make Europe more self sufficient.
The Peninsular War
Napoleon send his brother to the throne of Spain, the spanish citizens were afraid to lost the Church like happen to France. So they attack with guerillas and help Napoleon to lost 300,000 men.
A New Napoleon
Napoleon had a son with Marie Louise.
The French Empire
Napoleon dominated a big part of France but was unstable that was his empire fell later.
The Invasion of Russia
Napoleon invaded Russia, the Russians paracticed a scorched-earth policy, they burn grains so they leave nothing for the french to eat.
Battle of Borodino
The two armies finally clashed.
A Devastated France
The French army had devastated, only 10,000 soldiers left of 420,000.
Napoleon Suffers Defeat
Britain, Russia, Prussia, Sweden and Austria declared against Napoleon and defeated his inexperienced army.
Frederick William II of Prussia and Czar Alexander of Russia led their troops in a triumphant parade through the French capital.
He accepted the terms of surrender and gave up. The victors exiled him to Elba.
Congress of Vienna
A series of mettings in Vienna to contain the power of France, balance the power and made a legitimacy.
The Hundred Days
Napoleon escaped and goes to help France and become again emperor.
The British and Prussian army defeated Napoleon again.