220px anonymous   prise de la bastille

The French Revolution

  • Louis XVI

    Louis XVI
    Louis XVI born.
  • Marie Antoinette

    Marie Antoinette
    Marie Antoinette born.
  • Napoleon Bonaparte

    Napoleon Bonaparte
    Napoleon Bonaparte born.
  • The Old Order

    The Old Order
    Under this system, the people of France were divided into three estates.
  • France's debt

    France's debt
    France's government sank deeply into debt.
  • Napoleon Bonaparte education

    Napoleon Bonaparte education
    Napoleon Bonaparte's parents sent him to a military school.
  • Economic Troubles

    Economic Troubles
    France's economy was in decline. This caused alarm, particulary in the Third Estate.
  • Napoleon military

    Napoleon military
    Napoleon finished school and became a lieutenant.
  • Louis' problems

    Louis' problems
    Bankers refused to lend the goverment any more money, Louis faced serious problems.
  • Population of France

    Population of France
    1% of France is the First Estate, 2% of France is the Second Estate and 97% of France is the Third Estate.
  • High Prices

    High Prices
    The price of bread doubled, and many people faced starvation.
  • Estates-General

    The Second Estate force a metting of the Estates-General an assembly of represantatives from all three estaes to approve new taxes at Versailles.
  • Dawn of the Revolution

    Dawn of the Revolution
    By a speech of Emmanuel Sieyes the Third Estate voted to establish the National Assembly un effect the start of representative government and the end of absolute monarchy.
  • Tennis Court Oath

    Tennis Court Oath
    The Third Estate delegates found a tennis court in his meeting room and they pledge there to stay until they had a drawn up a new constitution.
  • Bastille Day

    Bastille Day
    The fall of the Bastille, a Paris prison. This day become a French national holiday.
  • The Assembly Reforms France

    The Assembly Reforms France
    Noblemen made speeches, declaring their love of liberty and equality.
  • The Rights of Man

    The Rights of Man
    The National Assembly adopted the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen.
  • Great Fear

    Great Fear
    Thousands of Parisian women rioted over the rising prices. They broke the palace and killed some guards and demanded that the kings had to return to Paris, later Louis agreed and goes.
  • Divisions Develop

    Divisions Develop
    The delegates had made significant changes in France's government and society.
  • Louis Tries to Escape

    Louis Tries to Escape
    Louis and his family tried to escape to the Austrian Netherlands.
  • A Limited Monarchy

    A Limited Monarchy
    The National Assembly completed the new constitution, which Louis approved. It stripped the king of much his authority. It also created the Legislative Assembly.
  • Legislative Assembly Split

    Legislative Assembly Split
    With all the old problems and debt, the Legislative Assembly had to split in three groups: the radicals, moderates and the conservatives.
  • War and Execution

    War and Execution
    The Legislative Assembly declare war to Austria and Prussia.
  • France at War

    France at War
    The war began badly for France. Prussia advanced to Paris.
  • Prussia attack

    Prussia attack
    Prussia attacked Paris and imprisoned Louis and Marie Antoinette.
  • September Massacres

    September Massacres
    They murdered over 1,000 prisoners.
  • National Convention

    National Convention
    Under the pressure from radicals the Legislative Assembly called for a new one legislature.
  • Jacobins Take Control

    Jacobins Take Control
    Most of the people involved in the governmental changes were members of a radical political organization, the Jacobins club.
  • Olympe de Gouges

    Olympe de Gouges
    She was declared an enemy of the Revolution and was executed.
  • Guillotine

    Louis was sentenced to death in the machine the guillotine.
  • The War Continues

    The War Continues
    Great Britain, Holland and Spain joined Prussia and Austria against France and they suffered a string of defeats.
  • France urging

    France urging
    The Convention ordered a draft of 300,000 citizens.
  • Robespierre Assumes Control

    Robespierre Assumes Control
    Maximilien Robespierre a Jacobin leader gained power.
  • Jean-Paul Marat

    Jean-Paul Marat
    Charlotte Corday killed Jean-Paul a newspaper editor, he called the death of all those who continued to support the king.
  • Reign of Terror

    Reign of Terror
    Robespierre became leader of the Comittee of Public Safety. Robespierre governed France as a dictator, and the period of his rule became known as the Reign of Terror.
  • Enemies of the Revolution

    Enemies of the Revolution
    Many of those who had led the Revolution recieved death sentences. Their only crime was that they were considered less radical than Robespierre.
  • France growth

    France growth
    The army had grown to 800,000.
  • George Danton

    George Danton
    Danton was killed in the guillotine and the authority denied him the right to speak because he was too skillfully defending himself.
  • End of Terror

    End of Terror
    The Reign of Terror ends with the execution of Robespierre in the guillotine.
  • The Right General

    The Right General
    The Directory found the right general, Napoleon.
  • The Directory

    The Directory
    The National Convention drafted a new plan of government, the Directory.
  • Hero of the Hour

    Hero of the Hour
    Napoleon became the heroe of the hour because when royalist rebels marched on the National Convention, he greeted the royalists witha a cannonade and the attackes fled in panic and then was hailed troughout Paris as the savior of the French Republic.
  • Napoleon"s First Wars

    Napoleon"s First Wars
    The Directory appointed Napoleon to lead a French army against the forces of Austria and Sardinia. Then he defeated Italy and then the British defeated his naval forces.
  • Coup d' Etat

    Coup d' Etat
    The Directory lost the control of the political situation. That is why Napoleon took the title of consul and assumed the powers of a dictator.
  • Britain, Austria and Russia

    Britain, Austria and Russia
    Britain, Austria and Russia joined forces with the goal of drive Napoleon from power, finally they sign a treat of peace with France .
  • Napoleon's absolute power

    Napoleon's absolute power
    The plebiscite voted in favor of the constitution that gave all power to Napoleon.
  • Peace

    Europe was at peace for the first time in ten years.
  • Napoleon rules France

    Napoleon rules France
    Napoleon did very changes in France, he opened lycees or government public schools, he signed a concordant or agreement with the Church and he do a new system of laws known as the Napoleonic Code.
  • Napoleon crowned

    Napoleon crowned
    Napoleon became an emperor.
  • The Battle of Trafalgar

    The Battle of Trafalgar
    Napoleon lost the Battle of Traflgar against the British Horatio Nelson.
  • The Continental System

    The Continental System
    Napoleon set up a blockade to prevent trade between Britain and Europe, and he called this policy the Continental System because it was supposed to make Europe more self sufficient.
  • The Peninsular War

    The Peninsular War
    Napoleon send his brother to the throne of Spain, the spanish citizens were afraid to lost the Church like happen to France. So they attack with guerillas and help Napoleon to lost 300,000 men.
  • A New Napoleon

    A New Napoleon
    Napoleon had a son with Marie Louise.
  • The French Empire

    The French Empire
    Napoleon dominated a big part of France but was unstable that was his empire fell later.
  • The Invasion of Russia

    The Invasion of Russia
    Napoleon invaded Russia, the Russians paracticed a scorched-earth policy, they burn grains so they leave nothing for the french to eat.
  • Battle of Borodino

    Battle of Borodino
    The two armies finally clashed.
  • A Devastated France

    A Devastated France
    The French army had devastated, only 10,000 soldiers left of 420,000.
  • Napoleon Suffers Defeat

    Napoleon Suffers Defeat
    Britain, Russia, Prussia, Sweden and Austria declared against Napoleon and defeated his inexperienced army.
  • Continued Defeat

    Continued Defeat
    Frederick William II of Prussia and Czar Alexander of Russia led their troops in a triumphant parade through the French capital.
  • Napoleon surrend

    Napoleon surrend
    He accepted the terms of surrender and gave up. The victors exiled him to Elba.
  • Congress of Vienna

    Congress of Vienna
    A series of mettings in Vienna to contain the power of France, balance the power and made a legitimacy.
  • The Hundred Days

    The Hundred Days
    Napoleon escaped and goes to help France and become again emperor.
  • Napoleon attacked

    Napoleon attacked
    The British and Prussian army defeated Napoleon again.
  • Napoleon dies

    Napoleon dies
    He died of a stomach ailment, perhaps cancer