The french rev

The French Revolution and Napoleon

  • Louis XVI

    Louis XVI
    Louis XVI was born in 1754.
  • Marie Antoinette

    Marie Antoinette
    Marie Antoinette, better known as Madam Deficit, was born in 1755.
  • Napoleon is Born

    Napoleon is Born
    Napoleon was born in the year 1769 in the Mediterrian Island of Corsica.
  • The Old Order

    The Old Order
    The Old Order was a political and social system of France, which was divided into three estates. The first estate was the clergy, which represented 1% of the population in France. The second estate was the nobles, which represented 2% of the polulation. The third estate was the bourgeoise, and the workers, which represented the 97% of the population in France.
  • The economy declines

    The economy declines
    By the 1780 the economy in France was declining.
  • Napoleon, a lieutenant in the artillery

    Napoleon, a lieutenant in the artillery
    Napolean at age 16 graduated, and became a lieutenant in the artillery.
  • Louis XVI is in trouble!

    Louis XVI is in trouble!
    Bankers refused to lend the government any more money, Louis faced serious problems.
  • The prices double

    The prices double
    The price of bread doubled, and many people faced starvation.
  • The meeting in Versailles

    The meeting in Versailles
    In May 5 1789, there was a meeting in Versailles because of the crisis in France.
  • The Storming of the Bastille

    The Storming of the Bastille
    In July 14, 1789 the people in Paris stormed the Bastille, which was a prison.
  • The Old Regime is dead.

    The Old Regime is dead.
    In the night of August 4, 1789, the noblemen made grand speeches, declaring their love of liberty and equality. By morining, the Old Regime was dead.
  • Women march to Versailles

    Women march to Versailles
    In October of 1789 the women of Paris marched to Versailles, they broke into the palace and demanded Louis and Marie Antoniette to return to Paris, Some time later, Louis agreed to return.
  • Louis tries to escape!

    Louis tries to escape!
    Louis and his family tried to escape, as they neared the border they were caught and sent back to Paris. Louis trying to escape makes the people anger increase, so the revolution gets more people in favor.
  • The National Assembly has a new constitution

    The National Assembly has a new constitution
    The National Assembly, in September, 1791, completed the new constitution, which Louis approved, the constitution created a limited monarchy, and a legislative body.
  • The war was declared

    The war was declared
    Austria and Prussia urged the French to restore his position as absolute monarch, the legislative assembly responded declaring war.
  • Prussian forces were advancing to Paris.

    Prussian forces were advancing to Paris.
    Prussian forces were advancing on Paris, the Prussian commander threatened Paris.
  • Louis and his family were imprisoned.

    Louis and his family were imprisoned.
    Men and women invaded the Tuileries, the palace where the royal family was staying, the mob massacred the royal guards and imprisiones Louis, Marie and their children.
  • The Jacobins

    The Jacobins
    In september, 1792, people started to get involve in the radical political organization, the Jacobins.
  • The royal family got guillotine

    The royal family got guillotine
    In January, 1793 Louis and his wife walked with calm and dignity up the steps of the scaffold to be beheaded by the guillotine.
  • The battle of Valmy

    The battle of Valmy
    In the early 1793, UK, Holland and Spain joined Prussia and Austria against France, in a war called the Battle of Valmy
  • Macimilien Robespierre gains power

    Macimilien Robespierre gains power
    In 1793, Maximilien Robespierre slowly gained power.
  • The French Army arises

    The French Army arises
    In February, 1793, the convention ordered a draft of 300,000 French citizens between the ages of 18-40
  • The Reign of Terror

    The Reign of Terror
    Robespierre became leader of the Committe of Public Safety. For the next year, Roberspierre governed France virtually as a dictator, and the period of his rule became the Reign of Terror.
  • The army is huge!

    The army is huge!
    By 1794, the French army had grown 800,000 and included women.
  • Georges Danton

    Georges Danton
    In 1794, Georges Danton was found in danger, because he was sent by Robespierre to the guillotine. Then he died.
  • Robespierre is in danger.

    Robespierre is in danger.
    In July 1794, members of the National Convention turned into Robespierre, and demanded his arrest and execution.
  • Robespierre dies!

    Robespierre dies!
    July 28, 1794, the reign of terror ended, Robespierre went to the guillotine.
  • New plan of government

    In 1795, moderate leaders in the National Convention drafted a new plan of government.
  • Napoleon, the hero of France!

    Napoleon, the hero of France!
    In October, 1795, fate handed Napoleon a chance of glory, when royalist rebels marched on the National Convention, a government official told Napoleon to defend the delegates, in minutes Napoleon and his gunners attacked and Napoleon became the hero of the hour, since he was the hero, they hailed him throughout Paris, telling that he was the savior of the French Revolution.
  • Napoleon lead the French Army!

    Napoleon lead the French Army!
    In 1796, the Directory appointed Napoleon to lead a French army againts the forces of Austria and the Kingdom of Sardinia, he crossed the Alps, and swept into Italy, he won a lot of remarkable victories. But when he went to Egypt to disrupt a British trade with India, Horatio Nelson beated him, he returned tu France, and managed to keep them away from the news, so he remained the hero of France.
  • Napoleon seize political ower!

    Napoleon seize political ower!
    When Napoleon returned from Egypt, the directory had lost control of the political situation and the confidence of the French people, some friends of Napoleon told him to seize political power.
  • Napoleon takes action in France.

    Napoleon takes action in France.
    In November, 1799, Napoleon took action, troops under his command surrounded the national legislature and drove out most of its members, the lawmakers who remained then votes to dissolve the Directory, and established a group of three consuls, one of them was Napoleon. Napoleon quickly took the title of first consul and assumed the powers of a dictator.
  • UK, Austria and Russia against Napoleon

    UK, Austria and Russia against Napoleon
    UK, Austria, and Russica joined forces to to drive Napoleon from power, then all three nations signed peace agreements with France.
  • The Plebiscite

    The Plebiscite
    Napoleon pretended to be the constitutionally chosen leader of a free republic, in 1800, a plebiscite was held to approve a new constitution, people voted overhelmingly in favor of the constitution, this gave Napoleon all te power as first consul!
  • Peace, in ten years!

    Peace, in ten years!
    Europe was in peace for the first time in ten years!
  • Napoleon sells Louisiana

    Napoleon sells Louisiana
    In 1803, Napoleon sold to President Jefferson the Louisiana Territory for $15 millions.
  • Napoleon as emperor!

    Napoleon as emperor!
    In 1804, Napoleon decided to make himself emperor and the French voters supported him.
  • Napoleon is the Emperor!

    Napoleon is the Emperor!
    On December 2, 1804, Napoleon walked down the long aisle of Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris, the pope waited for him, to crown him. Napoleon took the crown and crowend himself, that was a signal that he was more powerful than the Church.
  • The Battle of Trafalgar

    The Battle of Trafalgar
    In 1805, Napoleon lost the Battle of Trafalgar, which took place in southern Spain, since it was a naval war, and Horatio Nelson was superior in naval forces than Napoleon, Horatio Nelson defeated Napoleon.
  • Napoleon closes the ports!

    Napoleon closes the ports!
    On November, 1806, Napoleon set up a blockade to prevent all trade and communications between Great Britain and other European nations, Napoleon called this policy the Continental System because it was suposed to make continental Europe more self-suffincient, Napoleon also intended it to destroy Great Britains' commercial and industrial economy.
  • The Empire of Napoleon starts!

    The Empire of Napoleon starts!
    In 1807, the Napoleon Empire started.
  • The Empire Ends!

    The Empire Ends!
    In 1812, the Empire of Napoleon ends!
  • The Second Mistake of Napoleon

    Napoleon made his second mistake, in an effort to get Portugal to accept the Continental System, he sent an invasion force through Spain, the Spanish people protested this action, Napoleon in response removed the Spanish king and put his own brother, Joseph, on the Throne.
  • The third mistake!

    The third mistake!
    On 1812, Napoleon maked his worst mistake, he declared war to Russia, because they didn't stop the trade with Great Britain.
  • Napoleon lost to Russia!

    Napoleon lost to Russia!
    On June 1812, since Russia didn't pay attention to Napoleon, he marched with his army of 420,000 people to Russia. Alexander I sent his troops to Russia, so when Napoleon and his army saw there was no one to fight, plus no food, and nothing to drink they retured to France, when they were returning, the Russians whent after him a defeated him.
  • Napoleon lost when he returned!

    Napoleon lost when he returned!
    Frederick William III from Prussia, and Czar Alexander I of Russia led their troops to a thriumph parade to the French capital,
  • Napoleon gives out his throne!

    Napoleon gives out his throne!
    On April 1814, Napoleon gave up his throne, and was exhiled to Elba.
  • Napoleon returns to France!

    Napoleon returns to France!
    In March 1, 1815, Napoleon scaped from Elba, and returned to France, when he returned to France the people in there accepted him joyfully. And he ended up as a king and this was called the Hundred Days.
  • Congress of Vienna

    Congress of Vienna
    The congress of Vienna was a set up policy to achive the stability of France.
  • Napoleon lost the War of Waterloo

    Napoleon lost the War of Waterloo
    The British army and the Prussian army fighted with France in Belgium, this was called the Waterloo, Napoleon lost this war, which ended the Hundred Days of power, when he losts he was sent to St. Helena.
  • Napoleon dies!

    Napoleon dies!
    In 1821 Napoleon died of a stomach ailment, people think maybe it was cancer.
  • The Revolution Ends!

    The Revolution Ends!
    In 1848 the revolution ended, and the people in France returned to where they where before, witha monarch, but not absolute monarchy.