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The French Revolution + Napoleon

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    The French Monarchy

  • The Dutch Patriot Revolt

    The Dutch Patriot Revolt
    • Whated to reduce powers of william of Orange
    • Wanted money from Britain.
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    The Revolutionary Wave

    • Revolts in the name of liberty
    • Many protests in the Atlantic region.
  • Abbe Sieyes

    Abbe Sieyes
    • Sieyes began to question the importance of the role of the third estate in French Society, politics and economy.
    • Asked what is the Third estate. Everything!
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    Austrian Netherlands' resistance

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    The French Revolution (Moderate Phase)

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    The National Assembley

    • August decress: Renunciation of aristocratic privileges.
    • Overall goal was to, safeguard the right of private property.
    • Fuedal dues were not renounced outright.
    • Peasants would compesnsate their landlords through a series of direct payments for obligations from which they had supposedly been freed.
  • The Estates General opens at Versailles

  • Convening of the Estates General

    • This is the first time the Estates General was called into session since 1614.
    • Called for right from King and other two estates.
    • The third estate demanded equal representation.
  • Storming of the Bastile

    Storming of the Bastile
    • A rumor that the king was planning a military coup against the National Assembley resulted in.
    • 18 dead, 73 wounded, 7 guards killed.
  • Peasant Revolt

    • Rumors that the fuedal aristocracy were sending hired brigands to attack peasants and pillage there land.
    • Led to a revolt of the Peasants in July of 1789
    • also known as the Great Fear.
  • The Eve of the Revolution

    • The Feudal system would be abolished this night.
    • All Frenchmen were, in principle, subject to the same laws and the same taxes and eligible for the same offices.
    • The French Revolution begins.
  • Rights of Man and the Citizen

    • Liberty
    • Property
    • Resistance to oppression.
  • The Tricolor

    The Tricolor
    The white of the burbons and the Red and Blue of Paris
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    Monarchy to Republic

    • tried to establish constitutional monarchy.
    • failed and started republic.
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    The Age of Montesquieu

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    National Assembly

  • Louis and Marie-Antoinette attempt to flee in disguise and are captured at Varennes

    • Executed
    • By guillotine
  • St. Dominque slave revolt

    St. Dominque slave revolt
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    Legislative Assembly

  • Brunswick Manifesto

    • Stated allies would not go to war with France as long as French Monarchy was not harmed.
    • Related to suspicions concerning the king's act of treason.
  • National Convention

    • First act was the formal abolition of the Monarchy
    • First year of the French Republic
  • Creation of the Republic

    • yearly calander was dated from this day.
    • End of the Monarchy.
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    Girondin Rule of National Convention

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    Politics of the National Convention

    • The Montagnards and the Girondists
    • King was seen as a traitor.
  • France and rest of Europe at war

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    The Age of Rousseau,

    • The Age of The Republic
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    National Convention

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    Radical Phase

    • The "Second" French Revolution.
    • National Convention
    • The Directory.
  • Beheading a King

    Beheading a King
    • The Trial of King Louis XIV was hastened by the discovery of a secret cupboard in the Tuileres of a cache of documents.
    • Documents provided information that Louis had knowledge of a foreign intervention on behalf of the king.
    • National Convention voted 387 to 334 to execute the monarchs.
  • Law of General Maximum

    • Prices are strictly enforced
    • Hoarders rooted out and punished.
    • Food supplies would be secured by the army.
  • Law of suspects

    This law was widely drawn that almost anyone not expressing enthusiastic support for the republic could be placed under arrest.
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    Jacobin Rule of National Convention ( The Reign Of Terror)

  • Second partition of Poland; Louis XVI Executed

  • Vendee Revolt

    Vendee Revolt
    • Revolt targeted
    • local government officials
    • national guardsmen
    • jurying priests.
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    Religous Terror

    • de-christianization
    • Religion was associated by ancient regime.
  • Law of Prarial

    • Trials limited deciding on liberty or deathwith defendants having no rights.
    • The law was so broadly written that almost anyone could fall within its definition.
    • 1,500 executed between June and July.
  • The Thermidorean Reaction

    • Robespierre gives speach illustrating new plots and conspiracies.
    • Many felt threatened.
    • The Convention arrests Robespierre.
  • Robespierre Executed

    Robespierre is tried and guillotined.
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    Thermidorian Rule of National Conention

  • French Abolish Slavery

    Robespierre falls
  • Louis XVII dies in Prison

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    The Directory

  • Third partition of Poland; France annexes Austrian Netherlands

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    The Directory

  • Sister republics established in Itallian states and Switzerland

  • Napoleon seizes power

    • Napoleon seizes power in a coup d'etat
    • Will lead by consulate
    • Napoleon promised order and stability, pledging to uphold key reforms.
    • The French gave up some freedoms for peace and prosperity.
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    The Age of Voltaire/ Napoleon's Empire

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  • French beat the Austrians at Marengo

    • First battle lead by Napoleon as consulate of France.
    • Shows a "new" France that is reorganized and dangerous.
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    The Napoleanic Wars

    • Series of wars
    • contiuation of wars sparked in the French revolution
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    War between Britain and France

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    Napoleon's Empire

  • Napoleon Crows himself Emperor

    Napoleon Crows himself Emperor
  • Battle of Trafalgar

    Battle of Trafalgar
    • Admiral Vileneuve is blockaded by the British fleet lead by Lord Nelson.
    • British Fleet decimates Vilenueve's fleet.
    • Lord Nelson dies.
    • Forever removes the option for Napoleon to Challenge Britain by sea.
  • War of the Third Coalition

    War of the Third Coalition
    • Napoleon planned to invade Britain
    • However he needed Naval supremacy.
  • Napoleon Forms Confederation of the Rhine

    • made of the many tiny German States that make up the Rhine land.
    • turned them into larger electorates.
  • Napoleon Releases all French Forces east of the Rhine.

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    War of the Fourth Coalition

  • Napoleon defeated at Battle of the Nations

    Napoleon defeated at Battle of the Nations
    • Battle took place near Leipzig
    • Russia, Prussia and Great Britain allied against France
  • Allies Enter Paris

    • Napoleon gives up throne.
    • Exiled to Elba
  • French Monarchy Restored

    French Monarchy Restored
    • French Monarchy Restored with King Louis XVIII
    • King Was unpopular Napoleon returns after one year.
    • Brief period of renewed glory.
  • Congress of Vienna

    Congress of Vienna
    • Makes sure France could not rise again.
    • Put down revolution wherever it might appear
    • Remove traces of French Revolution and Napoleon's rule.
  • Battle of Waterloo

    Battle of Waterloo
    • Duke of Wellington leads final confrontation.
    • Crushing defeat for Napoleon.
    • End of Napoleonic wars.
  • Napoleon sent into Exile

    Napoleon sent into Exile
    • Tries to escape battle of waterloo.
    • captured and sent into exile.
    • Volcanic island in South Atlantic
    • Died at age 51