Napoleon Bonaparte

  • Napoleon is born

    He is born in Ajaccio, Corsica. He was the fourth, and second surviving, child of Carlo Buonaparte, a lawyer, and his wife, Letizia Ramolino
  • Period: to

    Napoleon's legacy

    Napoleon is viewed as a villain, but he did so many great things for Europe. He set up the Nepoleonic Code. Through his military campaigns he also gave Slovenes and Poles homelands, unified Italy and Germany briefly. He ended feudalism, ended a decade of anarchy in France, made peace with the Catholic Church, allowed the refugees of the Revolution to return, freed Jews from Ghettos, and abolished the Inquisition. He will also go down as one of the greatest military tacticians in history.
  • Napoleon Enrolled in a religious school in Autun

    It was located in mainland France. There he studied French.
  • He is admitted to a military academy at Brienne-le-Château.

    Napoleon was often picked on by other students due to his Coriscan accent. Due to his talents in math and geopgraphy, an examiner stated "this boy would make an excellent sailor".
  • Napoleon was admitted to the elite École Militaire in Paris

    This ended his naval studies. His father died, which forced him to complete the two-year course in a one year period. His graduation meant that he was the first Corsican to graduate from the military training facility.
  • Napoleon named second lieutenant in La Fère artillery regiment

    He served on garrison duty in Valence, Drôme and Auxonne until after the outbreak of the Revolution in 1789
  • Napoleon returns home to Corsica

    He spent the early years of the Revolution in Corsica, fighting in a complex three-way struggle among royalists, revolutionaries, and Corsican nationalists. He rose up the ranks quickly, eventually becoming lieutenant colonel of the militia.
  • Named captain of the regular army

    His military excellence overcame his exceeding leave of absence and leading a riot against the Fench army in Corsica.
  • He fleeds Corsica

    He took his family and left because of the split with Paoli, the Coriscan leader.
  • Named artillery commander of the republican forces at the siege of Toulon

    The city had risen against the republican government and was occupied by Britain.
  • Assigned to the Army of the West

    This army engaged in battle with the counter-revolutionists in Vendee. However, he pleaded poor health to avoid the demotion.
  • Removed from the list of generals in regular service

    He refused to serve in the Vendee campaign, so this was his punishment. This placed him in financial troubles
  • Gets married to Joséphine de Beauharnais

  • Bonaparte led his army into Austria

    He forced Austria to negotiate peace.
  • Napoleon leads a coup d'état

    Bonaparte sent General Pierre Augereau to Paris to lead a coup d'état and purge the royalists. This resulted in the Republican allies taking control. Napoleon returned to France after peace negotiations in Austria as a hero.
  • Bonaparte was elected a member of the French Academy of Sciences

    The scientists that he brought with him discovered the Rosetta Stone.
  • Napoleon gets a big victory in Egypt

    At the Battle of the Pyramids, Napoleon's 25,000 troops defeated the Egpytians while only suffering view casualties.
  • He sets sail for France

    The British temporaily left the French ports. Napoleon took advantage of this and sought to return to France.
  • Napoleon leads a coup d'état

    Bonaparte overthrew the French Directory, replacing it with the French Consulate
  • Bonaparte and his troops crossed the Alps into Italy

    They were reinforcing troops that were almost driven out by the Austrians
  • Napleon wins at the Battle of Marengo

    Napoleon's reinforcements arrive in time as he narrowly defeats the Austrians.
  • Declaration of War with Britain

    He reassembled the invasion camp at Boulogne. The war resulted in a huge setback for him.
  • Napoleonic Code Established

    The code forbade privileges based on birth, allowed freedom of religion, and specified that government jobs should go to the most qualified
  • Napoleon is crowned Empreror

    During the crowning, he took the crown from the Pope and crowned himself. Since leaders were chosen by God, this was going against God.
  • Crowned King of ITaly

    He created eighteen Marshals of the Empire from amongst his top generals, to secure the allegiance of the army
  • Napoleon wins at Austerlitz

    He defeated the Austrians and Russians, thus destroying the Third Coalition. This was deemed his greatest victory.
  • Napoleon defeats Prussia at the Battle of Jena-Auerstedt

    The decisive defeat suffered by the Prussian Army subjugated the Kingdom of Prussia to the French Empire until the Sixth Coalition was formed in 1812.
  • The Battle of Eylau occurs.

    Napoleon gets involved in a bloody stalement against the Russians in Poland.
  • French Army wins the Battle of Friedland

    Napoleon led his army against the Russians. Friedland effectively ended the War of the Fourth Coalition.
  • Napoleon signs the Treaties of Tilsit

    Treaties of Tilsit, signed with Tsar Alexander I of Russia, which divided the continent between the two powers; the other with Prussia which stripped that country of half its territory.
  • Napoleon signs Treaty of Schonbrunn

    After Austria broke its alliance with Fance, the two went to war again. The treaty forced Austria, the loser, to give a lot of its land up to France
  • The Battle of Borodino

    After months of avoiding each other, the French and Russians finally met outside of Moscow. The French ended up winning the bloodiest battle in history up to that time.
  • Battle of Dresden

    The battle resulted in a French victory under Napoleon against forces of the Sixth Coalition of Austrians, Russians and Prussians
  • Battle of Leipzig

    The coalition armies of Russia, Prussia, Austria and Sweden gave Napoleon his first decisive defeat. It involved over 600,000 soldiers, making it the largest battle in Europe prior to World War I.
  • He is exiled to Elba

    In the Treaty of Fontainebleau, the victors exiled him. They left him keep his title of Emperor and allowed him to have sovereignty over the land.
  • Napoleon escapes from Alba

    He arrived at Golfe-Juan two days after escaping
  • Napoleon arrives in Paris

    He governed for a period called the Hundred Days.
  • Battle of Waterloo

    The French Army, greatly outnumbered, suffered defeat to Great and Prussia. His army was left in disorder.
  • Napoleon is exiled..again.

    He demanded a politcal aslyum from Britain on HMS Bellerophon before being sent to Saint Helena
  • Napoleon dies

    His cause of death was stomach cancer. Prior to his death, there were many attempts to help him escape the island. People wanted to rebuild the empire that Napoleon created.