The beginning of the French Revolution in which the people started to revolt due to a crumbling economy, unfair taxes, ideas of the Enlightenment, and the spark of the American Revolution.
Estates General meets
The Estates General meets to discuss the grievances of the 3rd Estate.
National Assembly is formed in France
The National Assembly was formed by the Third Estate of France.
Storming of the Bastille
The Bastille prison was stormed and attacked in the moderate phase of the French Revolution.
The start of the French Revolution began with the Great Fear, in which two weeks was a time of disruption in the country of France.
Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen
The first step of writing a constitution for France.
Poor women of Paris march at Versailles
An angry mob of working women armed with pitchforks and muskets marched from Paris to Versailles.
Civil Constitution of the Clergy is adopted
The Civil Constitution of the Clergy adopted to run the French Catholic Church under the French Government
Royal Family attempts to flee France
Due to revolts of the French Revolution, Louis XVI's family attempts to flee.
Royal Family confined to Tuileries
The Royal family of France was confined to their palace to escape execution from the French Revolution.
Constitution creates a limited monarchy
The National Assembly's Constitution of 1791 makes a limited monarchy for France.
The French Revolution moved to the battlefield in April of 1792. Other counties such as Austria, Prussia, and Britain moved in to take a battle-ridden country. The French Revolution entered the bloody phase.
Paris mob invades Tuileres palace
This event was a turning point for the French Revolution as it caused the fall of the French monarchy.
France becomes a republic
France becomes a republic
Committee of Public Safety is created
This committee was created to preserve the country of France against foreign attacks during the Radical Phase of the French Revolution.
The Reign of Terror
The Reign of Terror was a time of the purge of government officials who people believed that they had wronged the country of France.
Marie Antoinette is beheaded
Marie Antoinette, the last queen of France before the French Revolution, was beheaded nine months after her husband was.
Robespierre is beheaded
Shortly after the troops of the National Convention caught Robespierre he is beheaded.
Nationalism spread through France as new revolutionary ideas spread through France that were inspired by the American Revolution.
Third Constitution is adopted
The Third Constitution of France established a liberal republic in France as a constitutional monarchy.
Directory takes power
The five-member committee known as the Directory begins to govern France.
Napoleon Invades Egypt
Napoleon leads a campaign in France to conquer areas in the Middle East to disrupt British trade in India. The French are forced out in 1801 with a disruption in Egypt
Age of Napoleon
Napoleon assumed power over the French government and crowned himself emperor. People supported him strongly during this era.
Napoleon becomes 1st Consul
Napoleon was part of a group that started a coup and successfully overthrew the Directory. The Directory was replaced with a Consulate with three members, in which Napoleon became the first consul.
Concordat with the Catholic Church
An agreement was reached between Napoleon and the Catholic Church to define the role of the Church in a Napoleon-controlled France
Napoleon named Consul for life
A national meeting is held that has Napoleon as 1st Consul for life.
Napoleonic Code adopted
Napoleonic Code is the French civil code established under Napoleon.
Napoleon becomes Emperor
Napoleon declared himself emperor of France and crowned himself after taking it away from the pope.
Battle of Trafalgar
A British victory in Spain against the combined navy of France and Spain.
Battle of Austerlitz
Napoleon fought a decisive battle against the Russian and Austrian Empires during the Napoleonic Age.
French invade Spain
Napoleon betrays the Spanish government by attacking Spain after a combined effort to invade Portugal. The French victory ends up with a loss of Spain after 6 years of occupation.
Napoleon Invades Russia and retreats
Napoleon led his army into Russia across the Neman River to defeat the Russians, but the attack ended up failing.
Battle of Leipzig
The coalition armies of Russia, Prussia, Austria, and Sweden, led by Tsar Alexander I of Russia and Karl Philipp, Prince of Schwarzenberg, decisively defeated the French army of Napoleon.
Napoleon is exiled to Elba
Napoleon is exiled after he abdicates the throne under the Treaty of Fortainebleau.
Napoleon abdicates the thrown and Louis XVIII takes the throne
Treaty of Fontainebleau has Napoleon give up the throne and Louis XVIII take it up.
Napoleon returns to Elba
After about a year of exile, Napoleon returns to Elba.
Battle of Waterloo
A French defeat in Belgium against the Prussian and British armies in which it was the last defeat of Napoleon before his final exile.
Napoleon exiled to St. Helena
After the defeat at the Battle of Waterloo Napoleon was exiled to St. Helena.