History 1


  • Period: 1300 to


    The renaissance was a large part of European history where art was very much alive.It is regarded as "the cultural bridge between the Middle Ages and modern history".
  • 1347

    The Black Death

    The Black Death
    In 1347 the Black Death made its first appearance in Europe. Transmission of the disease came through fleas and such that ate off of infected animals. The infectious disease devastated many and had a high fatality percentage.
  • 1374

    Death Of Petrarch

    Death Of Petrarch
    Petrarch ideas are what put the Renaissance into motion. Not only was Petrarch considered "the father of the Renaissance" he's also known as the "father of humanism". Petrarch left behind knowledge that was crucial for intellectual growth.
  • 1450

    Francesco Sforza

    Francesco Sforza
    Francesco became the duke of Milan and was loved by him people. Francesco played a large role in Italian politics, In doing so he built a dynasty that lasted many years.
  • 1469

    Lorenzo de' Medici

    Lorenzo de' Medici
    Florences people loved Medici, he was even asked by a delegation of citizens to rule them. Medicis' reign protected Florences territory and independence. Medici revived Italian literature as the poet he was.
  • 1541

    Death of Michaelangelo

    Death of Michaelangelo
    Michaelangelos work has been viewed by virtually everyone. His work was a large part of the Italian Renaissance. Michelangelo was not only famous after death, but his work was appreciated by many before his death. he truly left behind a legacy for himself.
  • Period: 1550 to

    Age of Absolutism

    This is a time where monarchs controlled everything when it came to wealth and power. Louis XIV even stated "I am the state".
  • 1571

    The Battle of Lepanto

    The Battle of Lepanto
    An engagement of allied Christian forces and the Ottomans navy forces. Engagement was off southwestern Greece. The battle was the first significant victory for a Christian naval forces over the Turkish.
  • The Spanish Armada

    The Spanish Armada
    A Spanish fleet of 130 ships commanded byDuke of Medina Sidonia. The "Invinsible Armada" was defeated by an English naval force.
  • The Long Parliament

    The Long Parliament
    1640-1649 and was summoned by King Charles I. The remaining members were forcibly ejected by the Cromwellian army.
  • Peter The Great "czar"

    Peter The Great "czar"
    Power was mostly in the hands of his mother until he was at the age of 22. Co-ruled with Ivan V.
  • Period: to


    Enlightenment was largely about politics, philosophy, science and communications. The Enlightenment period brought lots of knowledge and self thinking.
  • Two Treaties On Government

    Two Treaties On Government
    The First Treatise is a criticism breakdown of Robert Filmer’s Patriarcha. The Second Treatise, Locke defines political power and claims that all men are originally in a state of nature.
  • Serious Proposal To The Ladies

    Serious Proposal To The Ladies
    Advocated the establishment of women's academics. Do to the controversy of it Astell responded with a sequel to the novel.
  • Steam Engine Invented

    Steam Engine Invented
    The steam engine uses steam power to perform mechanical works. It is an external combustion engine.
  • Persian Letters

    Persian Letters
    A satrical portrait of French and Persian civilization. It mocks the reign of Louis XIV.
  • Peter The Great died

    Peter The Great died
    Peter died in Saint Petersburg, Russia of Gangrene. Where he died is also where he founded the new capital of Russia.
  • Period: to

    Industrial Revolution

    The industrial Revolution brought forth a new method to the manufacturing process. The Industrial revolution developed things such as the cotton gin and the spinning jenny.
  • The Social Contract, Emile

    The Social Contract, Emile
    Originally published as principles/ political law by Rousseau. It talks about peoples political or moral obligations depend on an agreement to form a habitable society.
  • The Spinning Jenny is Invented

    The Spinning Jenny is Invented
    The Spinning Jenny was invented by James Hargreaves. It Replaced at home "cottage industries"
  • Period: to

    American Revolution

    The American revolution was the fight for freedom for the 13 colonies. The fight was between Great Britain and the soon to be United States of America.
  • War Breaks Out

    War Breaks Out
    Lexington & Concord were the "first shots fired" and the beginning of the American Revolution. Not only was it the start of the American revolution, but it was also the first win for the colonies.
  • Battle of Bunker Hill

    Battle of Bunker Hill
    The British won against the Americans but this famous battle gave out unixperienced colonial solidiers a large amount of confidence in what they could do. this battle also brings the famous quote "don't shoot until you see the white of their eyes".
  • America Declares Independence

    America Declares Independence
    the declaration of independence was adopted by the Second Continental Congress. It was signed the the Pennsylvania State House on July, 4th.
  • Battle of Saratoga

    Battle of Saratoga
    There were two Battles of Saratoga fought 18 days apart. It marked a climax and gave a decisive victory the Americans.
  • France enters the war against British

    France enters the war against British
    The Treaty of Alliance allied France and the Americans. Until The Americans were completely freed of the British, France would step in.
  • Condorcet publishes a treatise

    Condorcet publishes a treatise
    Condorcet published an Essay on Calculus and many other scientific things. Condorcet was well respected by the science community and was even the secretary of Académie des Sciences.
  • Period: to

    French Revolution

    The French Revolution was started by disagreements between social and political classes. It was widely continued by Napoleon.
  • Tennis Court Oath

    Tennis Court Oath
    The National Assembly gathered to make an oath that the National Assembly would not break apart until a constitution was established. They called it the Tennis Court Oath because the king was forbidding them to meet so they were forced to meet on a tennis court.
  • Great Fear

    Great Fear
    The Great Fear is a period of riots put on by the peasants. Also during the riots people rumored an “aristocratic conspiracy” by the king.
  • Minister of Justice Denton purges thousands of presumed traitors.

    Minister of Justice Denton purges thousands of presumed traitors.
    Denton got many people of popular will on his side. Those who followed the king during those times Denton persecuted them.
  • France a republic

    France a republic
    This event marked the beginning of a new era for France and the end of the French Revolution.After this France would gain a large amount of control in continental Europe.
  • Reign of Terror

    Reign of Terror
    The Revolutionary government thought it would be a good idea to reek terror on anyone who did not approve of what the revolutionaries were doing. Many were executed in the streets of Paris.
  • Eli Whitney Patents Cotton Gin

    Eli Whitney Patents Cotton Gin
    The Cotton gin could be hand cranked, harnessed to a horse or worked by water power. The Cotton Gin doubled the yield of raw cotton every decade.
  • Consul of France

    Consul of France
    On November 1799, Napoleon was established as the First Consul of France, Napoleon, Cambacereres and Lebrun were all supposed to have equal power like a system of checks and balances. Although that was the plan Napoleon began to gain power and soon had more than the others.
  • Period: to

    Napoleonic Era

    The Napoleonic era began with Napoleon overthrowing the directory. The era involves Europe and France.
  • Battle of Austerlitz

    Battle of Austerlitz
    The Battle of Austerlitz is also known as the Battle of The Three Emperors. The battle was between Austria, France and Russia.
  • Treaty of Tilsit

    Treaty of Tilsit
    In the battle of Friedland, the Russians were defeated. Due to their defeat Alexander, a Russian, negotiated a peace treaty for Russia. The treaty was signed was signed in a raft of the Niemen River. The treaty resulted in a realignment of alliances.
  • Russian Campaign

    Russian Campaign
    Napoleon gathered a large army to invade Moscow, Russia. A large army required a large supply of goods, this is where Napoleon went wrong. France did get Russia to retreat but in their retreat they took the french armies goods. The France army was forced into starvation and hypothermia.
  • Napoleon Abdicated

    Napoleon Abdicated
    Napoleon had been abdicated once more before this so others knew better the second time around. napoleon tried to escape the United States while he was abdicated but was captured by the British and transported to st. Helena, he remained their for the rest of his life.
  • Samuel Morse invents the Telegraph

    Samuel Morse invents the Telegraph
    The Telegraph revolutionized long-distance communication. You no longer had to wait weeks on top of weeks for letters to delivered. The telegraph worked in clicks called Morse code to communicate.
  • Louis Pasteur develops vaccines for diseases

    Louis Pasteur develops vaccines for diseases
    Louis Pasteur's research supported the germ theory at its time. He created the first vaccines for fowl cholera which was used in warfare.