French revolution

The French Revolution

  • 35

    Royal Family confined to Tuileries

  • Period: to

    Moderate Phase

    During this time period, the National Assembly gained power. They wrote a constitution for France that worked to change this for the people of the 3rd Estate. Louis XVI's power became more limited. Special privileges of the first 2 estates were removed. Many monarchs went to war against France which caused the Radical Phase.
  • Period: to

    Napoleon invades Egypt

    General Bonaparte, France’s post-revolutionary Directory sought to do two things. The first was to block Britain’s trade route to India and re-establish commerce with the Levant. The French won the Battle of the Pyramids. He established the Institut d’Egypte for French scholars, a library, a chemistry laboratory, a health service, a botanical garden, an observatory, an antiquities museum,
    and a zoo.
  • Estates General Meets

    Estates General Meets
  • National Assembly is formed

    National Assembly is formed
  • Citizens storm the Bastille

  • Period: to

    The Great Fear Sweeps France

    Tales of attacks on villages and towns spread panic. Other rumors asserted that government troops were seizing peasant reimpose medieval dues. Defiant peasants set fire to old manor records and stole grain from storehouses. The attacks eventually died down, but they clearly showed peasant anger with the injustice of the old order.
  • Period: to

    Estates General meets

    Delegates to the Estates-General from the Third Estate were elected. They went to Versailles not only to solve the financial crisis but also to insist on reform. The Estates-General convened in May 1789. From the start, the delegates were deadlocked over the issue of voting. Traditionally, each estate had met and voted separately. Each group had one vote.
  • Declaration of the Rights of Man

  • Poor women of Paris march on Versailles

    Poor women of Paris march on Versailles
  • Civil Constution of the Celergy is Adopted

  • Royal Family attempts to flee France

  • Constitution creates a limited monarchy

  • Period: to

    Radical Phase

    In October 1791, the newly elected Legislative Assembly took office. Faced with crises at home and abroad, it survived for less than a year. Economic problems fed renewed turmoil. By 1791, many sans-culottes demanded an end to the monarchy and the creation of a republic. They also wanted the government to guarantee them a living wage.
  • Louis XVI is beheaded

    Louis XVI is beheaded
  • Paris mob invades Tuileries palace

  • France becomes a Republic

  • Committee of Public Safty is Created

    Committee of Public Safty is Created
  • Period: to

    Riegn of Terror

    Reign of Terror lasted from September 1793 until the fall of Robespierre in 1794. Its purpose was to purge France of enemies of the Revolution and protect the country from foreign invaders. France was governed by the Committee of Public Safety. In the course of nine months, 16, 000 people were guillotined. In 1794, the armies of France were very successful against their enemies, which meant that the Terror was no longer necessary.
  • Marie Antoinette is beheaded

  • Robespierre is beheaded

  • Period: to

    Reaction Phase

    The middle class and professional people dominated this stage of the Revolution. Moving away from the excesses of the Convention, moderates produced another constitution, the third since 1789. Weak, but willing to use force against its enemies, the Directory faced many challenges. Another threat to the Directory was the revival of royalist feeling. As chaos threatened, politicians turned to Napoleon Bonaparte.
  • Third Constitution is adopted

  • Directory takes power

    Directory takes power
  • Period: to

    Age of Nepoleon Phase

    From 1799 to 1815, Napoleon Bonaparte dominated France and Europe. A hero to some, an evil force to others, he gave his name to the final phase of the French Revolution—the Age of Napoleon. His coming to power marked the end of the French Revolution, but at the same time, it spelled the end of the old regime and guaranteed that the ideals of the French Revolution would be spread to every corner of the continent and through much of the world.
  • Napoleon becomes 1st Consul

  • Concordat with the Catholic Church

    Concordat with the Catholic Church
  • Napoleon named Consul for life

    Napoleon named Consul for life
  • Napoleonic Code adopted

  • Battle of Austerlitz

  • Napoleon becomes Emperor

  • Battle of Trafalgar

  • Period: to

    Napoleon invades Spain

    Once in control of Spain, Napoleon bullied both King Charles IV and his son Ferdinand into giving up their throne. The French invasion and the monarchy’s time in exile led to Spain’s loss of its colonies. The term “guerrilla warfare” came into the English language due to the French invasion of Spain.
  • Period: to

    Napoleon Invades Russia/Napoleon retreates from Russia

    Known in Russia as the Patriotic War of 1812, and France knew it as the Russian Campaign. Russians did not truly make a stand until the September 7 Battle of Borodino. Emboldened by the defeat, Austria, Prussia and Sweden re-joined Russia and Great Britain in the fight against Napoleon. Although the French emperor was able to raise another massive army, this time it was short on both cavalry and experience.
  • Battle of Leipzig

  • Napoleon abdicates the thrown & Louis XVIII takes the thrown

  • Napoleon is exiled to Elba

  • Napoleon returns from Elba

    Napoleon returns from Elba
  • Battle of Waterloo

    Battle of Waterloo
  • Nepoleon exiled to St. Helena

  • Napoleon dies