06 french revolution.cover

Timeline Leading Up to the French Revolution

  • Estates-General meets for the first time since 1614

    Estates-General meets for the first time since 1614
    At the verge of corruption, Louis XVI calls the Estates General to meet up in Versailes. He mainly did this because he was confused on what to do abouth France's financial crisis.
  • The Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen

    The Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen
    The National Assembly came up with this document after they overthrew the previous government. And this document does not pertain to women.
  • Period: to

    The Moderate Phase of the Revolution

    Historians divided the era of the French Revolution into four main parts, and this is the first phase. The most important part of this phase is that the National Assembly turns the French government into a constitutional monarchy. In a constitutional monarchy a king has to rule under a set of written rules or laws. The French turning to a constitutional monarchy shows a big step towards a revolution. Also, this is said to be the start of the French Revolution.
  • Tennis Court Oath

    Tennis Court Oath
    The National Assembly swore to never separate and to meet wherever the circumstances might require until they have established a sound contitution. And this oath was taken in a tennis like court.
  • Storming of the Bastille

    Storming of the Bastille
    The people stormed the Bastile as a sign that they were stronger than the government and they wanted weapons from the government. Since, the Bastile looked like a castle of the king, it showed that they were powerful.
  • The August Decrees

    The August Decrees
    These were nineteen decrees made by the National Assembly during the French Revolution.
  • Civil Constitution of the Clergy

    Civil Constitution of the Clergy
    The National Assembly now took control of the Catholic Church. This made it to where bishops and priests were elected, which angered them both. It also ended the papal authority. And, it took away the convents and monasteries of the church.
  • King Louis is Kicked Out of the Palace of Versailes

    King Louis is Kicked Out of the Palace of Versailes
    The National Assembly sets up a limited constitutional monarchy. And Louis is told to go to leave his luxuries of Versailes and go to the Palace of Paris. The people did this so they could control him.
  • Louis XVI accepts the Constitution formally

    Louis XVI accepts the Constitution formally
    Louis accepts the new constitution that limits his power and that has many Enlightenment ideas. But, Louis after accepting the constitution fails to escape to Versailes.
  • Royal family's flight to Varennes

    Royal family's flight to Varennes
    This was King Louis XVI and his immediate family's failled attempt to leave the palace in Paris. The king was dressed as a servant and was caught when he gave the driver a coin with his face on it. Also, there goal was to reach Austria, but they reached a town in Varennes. As you can see on the map, Varennes is very far from Paris.
  • September Massacres

    September Massacres
    These were a wave of mob violences and half the prison population of Paris had been executed during this time.
  • Period: to

    The Radical Phase of the French Revolution

    This was an era of escalating violence. And in this era, the Reign of Terror and monarcy were ended. The end of the monarchy is very significant because France has had a monarchy for so long.
  • First French Republic.

    First French Republic.
    The First Repulic lasted until Napoleon's rule. And, after the monarchy was ended the First French Republic was created.
  • Citizen Louis Capet Guillotined

    Citizen Louis Capet Guillotined
    Louis XVI was put on trial as a traitor to his country. And by a single vote he was convicted and was to be senteced to death. Louis XVI was then beheaded by a guilitine on January of 1793. Also, before he was beheaded he was called Citizen Capet to symbolize that he was not better than any of the social classes.
  • Period: to

    Reign of Terror

    This was the timeperiod in the French Revolution where people that did not support the revolution were arreseted or executed.
  • Marie Antoinette guillotined

    Marie Antoinette guillotined
    The people saw no use for Marie Antoinette, after Louis XVI was beheaded, so they guillotined her. She also was only making matters worse since she was from Austria, and France was rivals with Austria at the time.
  • Directory takes on executive power.

    Directory takes on executive power.
    The Constitution of 1795 created the Directory. And the Directory was five people with power, along with their two elected legilature that was elected by the people.
  • Robespierre Reign Ends

    Robespierre Reign Ends
    It was the revolt of the Reign of Terror, and this ended when Robespierre was arrested. He was also guilontined after he was arrested.
  • Period: to

    The Directory Phase of the French Revolution

    This was the era of reaction against extremism in France. The rise of violence and rebellion was too much for France. So, they try to solve the problems. The Directory was set up by the Constitution of 1795, which set a five man Directory
  • Coup d'État of 18 Brumaire: end of the Directory

    Coup d'État of 18 Brumaire: end of the Directory
    Many factors led to the end of the Directory, like the rise of bread prices and famine. As chaos and corruption started, politicians turned to Napoleon, the military general, for help. The politicians thought they could use Napoleon for their own uses, but Napoleon proved to be too powerful for them.
  • Napoleon First Consul

    Napoleon First Consul
    Napoleon becomes the first consul of France and the consul for life.
  • Leadership of Napoleon established

    Leadership of Napoleon established
    Napoleon took the name "First Consul" of France. And he basically names himself the consul of France for life. Also, Napoleon crowns himself the emperor of France, when he invited the pope. Also, this is said to be the end of the French Revolution since the people are now supporting him and not revolting against him.
  • Period: to

    The Age of Napolean Phase of the French Revolution

    This was the last era of the French Revolutin. And in this era there were many revolutionary changes. Napolean made changes like strengthening the central government, controlled prices, encourage new industry, and built roads and canals.
  • Napoleon Code

    Napoleon Code
    The Napoleonic code was a body of French civil laws and also influenced many other nations for civil code. The Napoleonic code was mostly influenced by Enlightenment ideas. But, women lost many of their rights from this new civil law.
  • Napoleon Crowns Himself Emperor

    Napoleon Crowns Himself Emperor
    After being consul Napoleon gained so much fame and support that he invites the pope and crowns himself emperor.
  • France declares war against Austria

    France declares war against Austria
    At the Battle of Austerlitz, Napoleon triumphs in a war aginst the Austrians.
  • Napoleon invades Russia

    Napoleon invades Russia
    He invades Russia to build up his reputation on the battlefield. Russia does not even want to fight against him. Also, his armies are haviing trouble with food and the cold winter, so they retreated.
  • Napoleon arrives in Moscow

    Napoleon arrives in Moscow
    Napoleon arrives in Moscow to find the city abandoned and set. He also still can'f feed his army. And a lot of his army dies from the winter and from hunger.
  • Napoleon is exiled to Elba

    Napoleon is exiled to Elba
    The voctors of the Battle of the Nations at Leipzig exiled Napoleon to Elba. And, his wife and son take refuge in Vienna. Napoleon also escapes this exile, and goes back to France.
  • Restoration of Louis XVIII

    Restoration of Louis XVIII
    King Louis XVIII took power after Napoleon was exiled into Alba. Louis XVIII was the brother of Louis XVI. Louis XVIII also was crowned by the congress of Vienna
  • Napoleon is exiled to Saint Helena

    Napoleon is exiled to Saint Helena
    The British and the Prussians crush Napoleons army. And Napoleon is forced into exile on a lone island of Saint Helena. And this time he is not able to escape.
  • Napoleon Arrives in Paris

    Napoleon Arrives in Paris
    Napoleon arrives in Paris in Triumph. And his days of triumph that will last for 100 days has started.
  • Battle of Waterloo

    Battle of Waterloo
    British and Prussian forces joined together in the town of Waterloo in Belgium. And they crushed the French and ended Napoleans power and triumph. Also, Napolean was put into exile on a lonely island in St. Helena.
  • Death of Napoleon

    Death of Napoleon
    Napoleon dies in 1821, but his legacy and his achievements were remembered by the French. It is also said that Napoleon ended the French Revolution. He had also influence many other countries into rebelling against Church power.