Napoleonic Era Timeline

By ikjot
  • Early Years

    Napoleon Bonaparte born in Ajaccio, Corsica
  • Lieutenant in the artillery.

    Graduates from Ecole Militaire with the rank of second lieutenant in the artillery.
  • Internal French battle

     Internal French battle
    For his courage at an internal French battle at Toulon, Napoleon receives the new rank of brigadier general
  • Period: to

    Early Years

    Napoleon is imprisoned under suspicion of being a Jacobin and a supporter of Robespierre.
  • Royalist 13 Vendémiaire

    Royalist 13 Vendémiaire
    Royalist 13 Vendémiaire rising put down by Napoleon. Barras helps Napoleon win promotion to Commander of the Interior.
  • At the home

    At the home of Paul François Barras, a Directory member, Napoleon meets Rose de Beauharnais (Josephine)
  • Directory

    2 November: Directory established
  • Given command

    Napoleon is given command of the French army in Italy
  • Italian campaign

    Italian campaign against Austria begins
  • Early Years

    Early Years
    Napoleon wins the Battle of Lodi
  • Battle

    Napoleon wins the Battle of Arcole
  • Battle

    Napoleon wins the Battle of Rivoli
  • Treaty

    Treaty of Campo-Formio with Austria.
  • Return to Paris

    Napoleon returns to Paris as a hero
  • Egyptian campaign

    Napoleon begins his Egyptian campaign with an army of 38,000
  • Battle

    Wins Battle of the Pyramids against Mamelukes in Egypt
  • Fall of Cairo

    Fall of Cairo
  • Under Command

    Under the command of Admiral Nelson, the British fleet destroys the French navy in the Battle of the Nile. Napoleon's army is cut off from supplies and communication.
  • Under command

    Under command
    Under the command of Admiral Nelson, the British fleet destroys the French navy in the Battle of the Nile. Napoleon's army is cut off from supplies and communication.
  • Receiving news

    Receiving news of turmoil in France, Napoleon relinquishes command in Egypt and returns to Paris
  • Period: to

    Napoleanic Era

    Coup of Brumaire Napoleon overthrows the Directory.
  • First Consul

    First Consul
    Napoleon elected First Consul of the Directory.
  • Battle

    Battle of Marengo.
  • Escaping

    Napoleon escapes an assassination attempt
  • Concordant

    Concordant of 1801.
  • Treaty

    Treaty with Austria signed at Lunéville: Treaty of Lunéville.
  • Treaty

    Treaty of Amiens.
  • French educational system

    Napoleon restructures French educational system
  • Legion of Honor

    Legion of Honour established
  • First > For life

    First > For life
    New constitution adopted, plebiscite confirms Napoleon as First Consul for life
  • Civil Code

    Civil Code
    Introduction of the Civil Code (also known as Code Napoleon)
  • Crowning

    Napoleon crowns himself Emperor, in the company of the Pope.
  • Battle

    Battle of Ulm
  • Battle

    Battle of Trafalgar.
  • Battle

    Battle of Austerlitz.
  • Crowning Others

    Crowning Others
    Napoleon names his brother, Joseph Bonaparte, king of Naples, and appoints other family members to various other posts
  • Battle

    Battle of Jena
  • Napoeanic Era

    Napoeanic Era
    Battle of Auerstadt.
  • Continental System

    The Berlin Decree (1806), which initiated the Continental System was issued
  • Battle

    Battle of Eylau.
  • Battle

    Battle of Friedland.
  • Treaty

    Treaty of Tilsit signed between Russia and France.
  • Dividing

    Napoleon and Spain divide Portugal through a secret treaty
  • University

    Imperial University established
  • Spain rises

    Spanish people rise up against France. Often referred to as Dos de Mayo Uprising
  • Napoleonanic Era

    Joseph crowned King of Spain, after Portugal revolts against the Continental System/Blockade Napoleon had put in place. Napoleon collected 5 armies to advance into Portugal and 'bullied' the Spanish royal family into resigning.
    Peninsular War
  • Battle

    Battle of Raszyn.
  • Battle

    Battle of Aspern-Essling.
  • Period: to

    Napoleanic Era

    Battle of Wagram - Success for Napoleon, Austria loses territory and must enforce the Continental System
  • Treaty

    Treaty of Schönbrunn signed
  • Napoleanic Era

    Napoleon's son born, referred to as the "King of Rome"
  • Period: to

    Napoleanic Era

    Battle of Smolensk.
  • Moscow

    Moscow evacuated
  • Battle

    Battle of Borodino
  • Napoleon reaches Moscow

    Napoleon arrives in Moscow to find the city abandoned and set alight by the inhabitants; retreating in the midst of a frigid winter, the army suffers great losses.
  • Great Retreat

    Beginning of the Great Retreat.
  • Napoleanic Era

    Grande Armée expelled from Russia
  • Battle

    Battle of Luneburg
  • Battle

    : Battle of Sehestedt.
  • Period: to

    Napoleanic Era

    Six Days Campaign.
  • Period: to

    Napoelanic Era

    Battle of Paris.
  • French Throne

    Napoleon abdicates his rule and Louis XVIII, a Bourbon, is restored to the French throne
  • Treaty

    Treaty of Fontainebleau (1814) Napoleon agrees to exile in Elba, the allies agree to pay his family a pension.
  • Exiled

    Napoleon is exiled to Elba; his wife and son take refuge in Vienna
  • Ecasping

    Napoleon escapes from Elba.
  • 100 Days

    Napoleon arrives in Paris.
    Beginning of the Hundred Days
  • Battle

    Battle of Waterloo.
  • Restoration

    Restoration of Louis XVIII
  • Exiled Once Again

    Napoleon is exiled to Saint Helena