H18

THE FRENCH REVOLUTION AND NAPOLEON EMPIRE

  • NAPOLEON BIRTH

    NAPOLEON BIRTH
    Napoleon Bonaparte born in Corisca, on August of 1769, in a family belonged to a high social class.
  • POLITICAL AND ECONOMIC CRISIS

    POLITICAL AND ECONOMIC CRISIS
    The last decades of the 18th century in France, were caracterised by a very important crisis. First, due to the continiuosly increase in the worsening of the economic factor due to decades of bad harvests and also because of the enormous debt accumulated as a result of the war against Great Britain, and the military support to the American Revolution. For this, the king imposed clergy and nobility to pay taxes, something which didn´t seems good to them and derive into a political crisis too.
  • NAPOLEON INCORPORATION TO THE ARMY

    NAPOLEON INCORPORATION TO THE ARMY
    At the age of 16, Napoleon joined to the artillery of France army, with the employment of lieutenant, in 1785.
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    THE END OF OLD REGIME

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    THE RISE OF THE THIRD ESTATE

  • ESTATES GENERAL

    ESTATES GENERAL
    Because of this crisis who flog France, the king call up to the three main estates of the country to take a decision. The clergy and nobility were in favour of 1 vote per estate, but the Third Estate who represents the 98% of population, logically demand 1 vote per person. However, the voting took place and there were one vote per estate. The clergy and nobility side together and impose the measures which benefit them.
  • THE NATIONAL ASSEMBLY

    THE NATIONAL ASSEMBLY
    As a result of this unequal voting, the third Estate leaders decide to abandoned the Estates General and created a National Assembly in the tennis court Oath, promising to create a constitution.
  • THE DECLINE OF OLD REGIME

    THE DECLINE OF OLD REGIME
    Ordinary people increase them violence and took the Bastile, as a sign of revolution, and peasants, began to attack nobles in the countryside, known as great fear. For this, the National Assembly adopted its first measures or laws to renew the Old Regime goverment. Some of them were the striking of feudal system, the declaration of mans and citizens rights and the creation of the First France Constitution, which promove the division of powers, constitutional monarchy and universal suffrage.
  • A NEW GOVERN

    A NEW GOVERN
    The king accepted the Constituion, and people voted for a new govern, that will be called as the Legislative Assembly, a moderate and democratic govern, in which nobles were against it and another group called jacobins wanted more and deeper reforms.
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    THE LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY

  • REVOLUTION´S EXPANSION

    REVOLUTION´S EXPANSION
    Countries like Austia or Prussia began a war with France because of the repercussion of the revolutions in them countries.
  • THE ROYAL FAILED FLIGHT

    THE ROYAL FAILED FLIGHT
    Due to the tense situation in France, the monarch and his family tried to escape from the country, but they were discovered, and as a consequence take in prison by the govern.
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    THE FRENCH REPUBLIC

  • THE EXECUTION OF THE KINGS

    THE EXECUTION OF THE KINGS
    In 1792, new elections were celebrated, with the universal male suffrage. The National Convention was approved like the goverment. These goverment was radical, and abolished the monarchy, prompted the republic, and executed the kings by the guillotine. For these execution, British and Dutch Republic joined Austria in the First Coalition. At the same time, in France, there were two social groups, the Jacobins and the Girondins.
  • ROBESPIERRE PERIOD

    ROBESPIERRE PERIOD
    With the war against the First Coalition, the people of France thought that they were in danger, so helped to the Jacobins, headlines by Robespierre, to took the power. These period, was known as the Reign of Terror, because the Committe of Public Safety with the radical revolutionaries, executed more than 50000 people by the guillotine, including the clergymen and the nobles. All of these movement was leadered by the dictator Robespìerre. In 1794, he lose support and was executed by guillotine.
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    THE REIGN OF TERROR

  • NEW MODERATE GOVERMENT

    NEW MODERATE GOVERMENT
    With the execution of Robespierre, a new moderate goverment called the Directory, began. These new form of goverment made a new constitution in 1795, that recognised the censitarian suffrage and the separation of powers too. The France society was divided into two groups, that were:
    Radicals, that wanted a more egalitarian society.
    Royalists, that wanted to reintroduce the monarchy.
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    THE DIRECTORY

  • NAPOLEON WAS NAMED GENERAL

    NAPOLEON WAS NAMED GENERAL
    At the age of 27 years, Napoleon Bonaparte was named general.
  • BEGAN OF NAPOLEON RISE

    BEGAN OF NAPOLEON RISE
    France, that took part of the Second Coalition, achieved many victories in wars and reconquered many territories with the name of Napoleon Bonaparte. These man, Napoleon Bonaparte, was converted a leader in France, and he was extremely popular.
  • THE BEGAN OF NAPOLEON MANDATE

    THE BEGAN OF NAPOLEON MANDATE
    With the several victories of Napoleon in the war against the first Coalition,and thanks he was very popular, in november of 1799, he carried out a coup d´état, and he was proclamed the First Consul, creating the Consulate.
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    FIRST CONSUL

  • NAPOLEON WAS NAMED "CONSUL FOR LIFE"

    NAPOLEON WAS NAMED "CONSUL FOR LIFE"
    In 1802, he made himself "Consul for life".
  • NAPOLEON WAS NAMED EMPEROR

    NAPOLEON WAS NAMED EMPEROR
    In 1804, Napoleon Bonaparte was crowned Emperor.
  • NAPOLEONIC GOVERNMENT

    NAPOLEONIC GOVERNMENT
    As a emperor, Napoleon had absolute power, something that allow him to develop the reforms and the ideas of the Revolution. He made all people to pay taxes and created the National Bank of France, as well as he was the ground-breaking of the public education, building up the lyceé education system. He estabilished the Napoleon Code based on the principles of the French Revolution, and he govern with absolutely freedom and tolerance in religion. Then he centred on the expansion of the empire.
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    NAPOLEON EMPIRE

  • HIS FIRST SHOT

    HIS FIRST SHOT
    Napoleon conquer and defeated the nations of Austria and Russia, in the battle of Austerlitz in Moravia.
  • THE CONFEDERATION OF RHIN

    THE CONFEDERATION OF RHIN
    After he defeated the austro-russian army, the Germanic Empire was disolved, the nation of Germany abandoned this empire and sign in peace with Napoleon Empire, forming the Rhin Confederation, composed by a serie of principalities and ducats that were allied ith Napoleon.
  • OCCUPATION OF BERLIN

    OCCUPATION OF BERLIN
    Napoleon invaded Berlin in the Battle of Jena, and he also made some western territories of Prussia to form part of the Rhin Confederation.
  • MASTERSTROKE

    MASTERSTROKE
    The French army arrived on Spain with the false intention of be a bridge to conquer Portugal, and invaded it with the Bayona abdications and the named of Joseph I Bonaparte as Spanish king.
  • POWER SUMMIT

    POWER SUMMIT
    Napoleon dominate a empire from France to the borders of Russia.
  • TOO MUCH DANGER AND THIRST

    TOO MUCH DANGER AND THIRST
    Since a long time tying it, Napoleon storm in Moscow in the Moscowa battle. However, the inteligence of the russians who has abandoned the city and fired it, made Napoleonic people to turn into hunger, and the strong cold cause the debilitation of the army, and as a consequence, the abandoned of Russia
  • FINAL OF A SHINY BUT DEFECTIVE BELIC PROCESS

    FINAL OF A SHINY BUT DEFECTIVE BELIC PROCESS
    Due to the quantity of men lost in Russia, Napoleon Empire was in weakness, something which Great Britain and Prussia know and began a war against it. Accordingly his empire was defeated in the Waterloo battle of 1815 and he was sent to exile at the island of Saint Helena.
  • NAPOLEON LEGACY

    NAPOLEON LEGACY
    The path of Napoleon in the European territories made the principal ideas of the French Revolution to spread around them, and it cause a significant change in the Europe structure.
  • RETURN OF MONARCHY

    RETURN OF MONARCHY
    Louis XVIII was crowned as an absolute king, but, due to the occurrences, in an environment of equality, constitutionally and democratic monarchy , mainteining the Napoleon Code and religious freedom.