World history

Timeline created by Malenaph
  • English Civil War starting point.

    English Civil War starting point.
    On august 22, 1642 the English civil war began. After Charles II and Parliament were in a dispute the public began to choose sides. Those sides were known as the Royalists(pro king) and The Roundheads(pro parliament). They soon began what is known know as The English Civil War.
  • Thomas Hobbes releases leviathan.

    Thomas Hobbes releases leviathan.
    Thomas Hobbes was a philosopher during the enlightenment era. Hobbes believed that people were born good and he discussed politics and government. Hobbes released a book in 1651 called "Leviathan" about government and the structure of society which caused a lot of controversy amongst the public.
  • The English Civil War Ends

    The English Civil War Ends
    On September 9, 1651 The English Civil War ended. After Parliament and Charles II got into an argument the Royalists and the Roundheads went to war. The Roundheads won the war and the leader of the Roundheads Oliver Cromwell became the new ruler of England who was pro parliament, but it did not last long because he was to strict and ended up getting over thrown.
  • Oliver Cromwell becomes ruler.

    Oliver Cromwell becomes ruler.
    Oliver Cromwell was the leader of the roundheads during the English civil war. After the defeat of the royalists Cromwell was chosen to rule instead of a king. Although Cromwell proclaimed over and over that he wasn't a king, he ruled the same way as a king.
  • Thomas Lockes influence.

    Thomas Lockes influence.
    John Locke was an influential philosopher during the enlightenment era and is often referred to as the "Father of liberalism". Locke believed all people are born bad and that we need a strong government to control them. Locke is credited as being a huge part of the social contract theory.
  • Montesquieu releases Spirit of Laws.

    Montesquieu releases Spirit of Laws.
    Montesquieu was a philosopher during the enlightenment era, Montesquieu was a French judge and a political philosopher. In 1748 he released a book called the "Spirit of laws" which was a book about comparative law and political theory.
  • Benjamine frankline invents lighting rod.

    Benjamine frankline invents lighting rod.
    On may 10, 1752 Benjamin Franklin invented the lighting rod. It was a metal rod intended to protect a structure from a lighting strike. It made it possible to get the lighting to go into the ground instead of into the structure,
  • Invention of the spinning jenny.

    Invention of the spinning jenny.
    ON may 10, 1764 James Hargreaves invented the spinning jenny. It was a key item in weaving during the industrial revolution. The spinning jenny reduced the amount of work needed to produce cloth.
  • Napolean Bonaparte was born.

    Napolean Bonaparte was born.
    On August 15, 1769 Napoleon Bonaparte was born. Napoleon was born in Ajaccio France. He was born into minor Italian nobility. Napoleon was born into a family of 3 sisters and 4 brothers. And he later gained popularity during the French revolution and became emperor of France.
  • Invention of steamship.

    Invention of steamship.
    On may 10, 1775 Jacques Perrier invented the steamship. The steamship allowed people to travel by water a lot faster. It made trade a lot quicker and more effective.
  • Invention of Submarine.

    Invention of Submarine.
    On may 10, 1776 David Bushnell invented the very first submarine. It was called Turtle. It was the first submersible vessel used in combat for use against royal navy.
  • Rober Emmet formats rebellion.

    Rober Emmet formats rebellion.
    On July 23, 1778 Robert Emmet formats a rebellion in Ireland. He was attempting to secure independence from Great Britain. HIs attempt was unsuccessful though.
  • The Tennis Court Oath

    The Tennis Court Oath
    The tennis court oath occurred on June 20, 1789. It is considered a major act of defiance against the French government. It was a meeting between members of nonprivileged classes who locked themselves in a tennis court as an act of rebellion towards the meeting of the estates general. There they vowed to "Not separate and to reassemble wherever circumstances require until the constitution of the kingdom is established". Some people claim It was the first step towards representative democracy.
  • Storming of the bastille.

    Storming of the bastille.
    The storming of bastille occurred on July 14, 1789. The bastille of a building that was being used as a prison in the center of Paris France that represented royal authority. The bastille was viewed by the revolutionary's as a symbol of the monarchy's abuse of power. It was only containing 7 prisoners at the time of the event. The bastilles fall is considered the "Flashpoint of the revolution".
  • Declaration of rights of man and of citizen.

    Declaration of rights of man and of citizen.
    The Declaration of rights of man and of citizen was established on August 26, 1789. It was a human civil rights document from the French revolution. It was a document giving people rights such as freedom of religion, freedom of speech, freedom of assembly and separation of power, etc. It was set by Frances national constitution assembly. It is considered one of the most important papers of the French revolution.
  • Excecution of King Louis XVI.

    Excecution of King Louis XVI.
    King louis xiv was executed on January 21, 1793. He was executed by revolutionary's who were against his rules and thought he was wasteful and didn't care about the public. He was executed after he was charged with conspiracy with foreign powers. He was sentenced to death by the French National Convention. King Louis xiv was 38 years old.
  • The Reign of Terror.

    The Reign of Terror.
    The reign of terror began on September 5, 1793. The reign of terror was a period in France where The committee of public safety was active and deaths were rising. There was an estimated 500,000 people arrested, 17,000 executed, and 25,000 executed without a fair trial. The execution of Robespierre was considered the end to the reign of terror. The reign of terror officially ended on July 28, 1794.
  • Napolean becomes emporer.

    Napolean becomes emporer.
    On December 2, 1804 Napoleon was crowned emperor. Traditionally the pope was supposed to crown the emperor. Getting crowned by the pope was considered a blessing from the church. But rumor has it that napoleon took the crown from the pope and crowned himself emperor. By doing that he was basically claiming he was above the church.
  • Abolishion of the slave trade.

    Abolishion of the slave trade.
    On august 23, 1807 the slave trade was abolished. It was an act of parliament which prohibited slave trade in England. John Newton was alive to witness this event and he died 9 months after the slave trade was abolished.
  • Invention of first eletric light.

    Invention of first eletric light.
    ON may 11, 1809 Humphry Davy invents the first electric light. Its a device that produced visible light from an electric current. By the 1870s Davy lights were primarily used to light spaces.
  • Napoleans death.

    Napoleans death.
    Napoleon Bonaparte died on May 5, 1821. He passed away in Longwood, Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha. He was a French military leader and rose to fame during the French revolution. He served 10 years before getting exiled to the island of Elba. He is still commonly refered to as one of the greatest military leaders to ever live.
  • Greece seperated from the Ottoman empire.

    Greece seperated from the Ottoman empire.
    On September 12, 1829 Greece separated from the Ottoman empire. Greece was the only country in the Revolutions of the 1800s to successfully gain independence. This put Greece in the first fully independent date since the fall of the Byzantine empire.
  • Abolition of slavery in England.

    Abolition of slavery in England.
    On August 28, 1833 an act was passed to abolish slaver in England. The act freed more than 800,000 slaves. William Wilberforce was alive to see the act passed and he passed away 3 days later.
  • Ban on slavery in british colonies.

    Ban on slavery in british colonies.
    On august 1 1834 the abolition of slavery in British colonies took affect. This abolished the act of slavery in British colonies. It freed more than 800,000 enslaved African in the Caribbean and south Africa.
  • Queen victoria rule.

    Queen victoria rule.
    On June 20 1837 Alexandrina Victoria became the Queen of England. She had great influence over the people and she greatly affected there decisions. She was very popular and the period of her rule was named after her, "Victorian era".
  • European trade with africa becomes well established.

    European trade with africa becomes well established.
    On Jan 5 1850 imperialism in Africa was becoming very well established. The main products traded during this time were gold, ivory, woods, and pepper. Some Africans were opposed to the colonization. Europeans used to be opposed to colonizing Africa due to diseases but after the invention of vaccines Europeans began colonizing quickly.
  • The suez canal opened.

    The suez canal opened.
    On November 17 1869 the Suez canal opened. The Suez canal was a waterway in Egypt. The waterway is 118.2 miles long and 73.8 feet deep.
  • Imperialism in China

    Imperialism in China
    There was no exact date on when imperialism in china began but in the mid 19th century china had fought with Britain to stay independent and failed. After they failed they were forced to live by Britain's rules. And they were forced to change there way of life.
  • Imperialism in India.

    Imperialism in India.
    Britian dominated India in the mid 1880s. Imperialism had both positive and negative effects on country's involved. India was more forced because Britain wanted opium to trade with China and India happened to have opium.
  • Assasination of Alexander II of rusia.

    Assasination of Alexander II of rusia.
    Alexander II was assassinated on march 13 1881. He was one of the most reformists of Russia tsars. His death was a major event that led to the Russian revolution.
  • Britian imperialises Egypt.

    Britian imperialises Egypt.
    Britain imperialized Egypt in 1882. Egypt experienced hardship and less freedom. The British military took control of political structures and economies.
  • First car was invented.

    First car was invented.
    1886 was considered the birthyear of the car. Karl Benz pattend his Motorwagen in 1886. Cars became widely available in the 20th century. One of the first cars available to the public was a ford model T.
  • Imperialism in Japan.

    Imperialism in Japan.
    There is no exact date to the imperialism in Japan but it took place in mid 19th century after china. Japan saw what happened to china and didn't want it to happen to them so they gave in to Britain but under one circumstance, they had to follow japans rules not Britain. Japan had it better off than China.
  • The first moving picture was made.

    The first moving picture was made.
    The first moving picture was patented in 1891. The first photographic picture was projected in 1895. During this presentation the audience saw ten 50 second films. The first movie device was called "wheel of life" or the "Zoopraxiscope".
  • First radio was invented.

    First radio was invented.
    In 1895 the first radio was invented. Alexander Popov built his first radio receiver. It was presented to the Russian physical and chemical society on May 7 1895. The first radio was used in world war 1 in 1906.
  • Stalin joins the Bolshivics.

    Stalin joins the Bolshivics.
    In December of 1903 Stalin joined the Bolsheviks. When he was in prison he learned that Lenin formed the Bolsheviks. The Bolsheviks went on to form the communist party.
  • Bloody sunday.

    Bloody sunday.
    On January 22, 1905 a group of imperial guards fired on a crowd of peaceful workers. The guards killed more than 100 people. This event caused a lot of chaos and helped set the 1917 revolution in motion.
  • Lenin returns to Russia.

    Lenin returns to Russia.
    In November of 1905 Lenin returns to Russia. When he returned he was elected to the Russian Social Democratic labor party. But he left Russia again once he realized there wasn't going to be a revolution.
  • Assasination of Arch Duke Ferdinand

    Assasination of Arch Duke Ferdinand
    On June 28 1914 Arch Duke Ferdinand and his wife were assasinated. The Arch Duke was one of the only people preventing the great war. After his death there was nothing preventing Austria from entering into world war 1.
  • The battle of the frontiers

    The battle of the frontiers
    On August 14, 1914 the battle of the frontiers begun. The battle of the frontier was a series of battles fought along the eastern frontier of France in southern Belgium. This happened shortly after the start of world war 1.
  • The first battle of Ypres.

    The first battle of Ypres.
    The battle of Ypres began on October 19, 1914. The fighting was so fierce the battle was divided into 5 stages. It ended on November 22, 1914.
  • The battle of Verdun.

    The battle of Verdun.
    The battle of Verdun took place on February 21st, 1916. It lasted until December 18th 1916. And it was the longest battle of the first world war.
  • Rasputins Murder.

    Rasputins Murder.
    On December 30, 1916 Rasputin was murdered. He was murdered by Russian nobles. His murder had influence on the Russian people and caused them to loose hope.
  • America enters the war.

    America enters the war.
    On April 6th, 1917 America entered world war 1. America caused a shift in the balance of the war. American troops arrived on the western front by 1918.
  • Lenin returns to Russia (Again).

    Lenin returns to Russia (Again).
    On April 16, 1917 Lenin returned to Russia again. He returned two months after the death of Nicholas II. On his train ride to Russia he had written the April thesis.
  • The Romanov family was excecuted

    The Romanov family was excecuted
    On July 17, 1918 the Romanov family were killed. The family, servants, and family doctor were killed. The Romanovs deaths ended a 300 year imperial dynasty in Russia.
  • Armistice of november 11

    Armistice of november 11
    The armistice of November 11 was signed near Compiegne. It ended fighting on land sea and air. It was the defeat for German forces and a victory for the allies.
  • The Romanovs bodies were found.

    The Romanovs bodies were found.
    In 1979 they found some of the Romanov family remains. 5 bodies were found in a grave in 1979. But two bodies were missing which started a conspiracy that Anastasia was still alive.