The Kingdoms of the Middle Ages

By jlau-19
  • 100

    GERMANIC TRIBES: Tacitus' Germania

    A monograph on the german tribes, Germania compared and showed how far the Romans had fallen, by raising up the barbarians.
  • 313

    EARLY CHRISTIAN: Edict of Milan

    The Edict of Milan, created by Constantine Augustus legalised Christianity in the Roman Empire. This stopped Christians from being persecuted and allowed Christianity to expand.
  • 325

    EARLY CHRISTIAN: Nicaean Creed

    The Nicaean Creed was created by the First Council of Nicea, and it stopped the fighting caused by different controversies of Christianity.
  • 410

    ENGLAND: The Legions Depart

    The Roman legions leave and this results in the Anglo-Saxons invading Britain
  • 410

    GERMANIC TRIBES: The Sacking of Rome by Alaric

    Alaric had gone to the authorities in Ravenna and demanded a place for his people to stay, and when they refused, they besieged Rome. In the middle of the night, a group of slaves opened the gate and the the city was sacked.
  • 413

    BYZANTINE: Constantinople

    Theodosius II builds a great wall around Constantinople, establishing it as the center of the new Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire)
  • 450

    ENGLAND: Anglo Saxon Invasion

    The Anglo Saxons, who were comprised of Germanic tribes invaded Britain. The Anglo Saxons traveled to England across the North Sea because they had been invited to keep away invaders. Their land was also very hard to cultivate.
  • Period: 457 to Dec 25, 751

    FRANCE: The Merovingian Dynasty

    The Merovingians were a powerful Frankish dynasty.
  • Period: 481 to 511

    MIDDLE AGES: Reign of Clovis

    Clovis was a Frankish king. He converted to Christianity after winning a battle in which he prayed to God.
  • 511

    FRANCE: The Salic Law

    The Salic Law was a collection of laws to prevent bloodshed. The main goal of Germanic Legal codes was to stop wergeld.
  • 527

    BYZANTINE: Justinian

    Justinian becomes the Emperor of the Byzantine Empire. Justinian was an ambitious emperor who wanted to regain the West and join it with the East.
  • 532

    BYZANTINE: Nika Revolt

    The populace revolted against Justinian after he refused to pardon two young Blue and Greens. As a result of crushing the revolt, Justinian was able to create Hagia Sophia, that was originally a church but then became an Islamic mosque.
  • 596

    FRANCE: Gregory of Tours, History of the Franks

    This document was the history of the Franks, and was strongly biased towards Christianity.
  • Dec 24, 622

    ISLAM: Foundation of Islam

    Muhammed leaves Mecca to migrate with his followers to Medina.
  • Dec 24, 624

    ISLAM: Muhammed Conquers Mecca

    Muhammed leads a holy war to conquer Mecca. Muhammad tells his followers that if they die in battle, they get to go to paradise.
  • Dec 24, 661

    ISLAM: Sunni/Shia split

    Ali is murdered, creating Sunni/Shia split
  • Period: Dec 24, 661 to Dec 25, 750

    ISLAM: The Umayyad Dynasty

    The Umayyad Caliphate was the second of the Arab caliphate established after the death of Muhammad.
  • Period: Dec 24, 673 to Dec 25, 735

    ENGLAND: The Venerable Bead's Writing

    Also known as Saint Bead, he was one of the most influential Anglo Saxon writers. He is best known for writing "The Ecclesiastical History of the English People." It gives a historical background on the English people.
  • Dec 24, 687

    ISLAM: Dome of the Rock

    The Dome of the Rock houses the rock which is said to be the rock on which Muhammad ascended to heaven on.
  • Period: Dec 24, 720 to Dec 25, 1268

    ISLAM: The Abbasid Empire

    The Abbasid Caliphate was the third caliphate that was established after the death of Muhammad. It spanned from 720 to 1268.
  • Oct 10, 732

    FRANCE: The Battle of Tours and Charles Martel

    The Franks, led by Charles Martel were able to defeat a force of Moorish muslims near Poitiers.
  • Period: Dec 24, 750 to Dec 25, 887

    FRANCE: The Carolingian Dynasty

    The Carolingians was composed of a Frankish high class family. The Carolingians included Charles Martell, Pepin the Short and Charlemagne.
  • Dec 24, 751

    MIDDLE AGES: Pepin the Short

    Pepin the Short was born in 714 AD. He was the first Carolingian king. He was the father of Charlemagne. He became king in 751.
  • Dec 25, 800

    FRANCE: Charlemagne is crowned by the Pope

    The Pope crowns Charlemagne as the King of the Franks because Charlemagne had reinstated him.
  • Period: Dec 24, 849 to Dec 25, 899

    ENGLAND: Alfred the Great

    Alfred the Great was the king of Wessex. He defended his people against the Vikings. He was also often compared to Charlemagne.
  • Dec 24, 1000


    A heroic narrative concerning the deeds of a Scandinavian prince named Beowulf. The date of when Beowulf was written is important, as it was written in the Middle Ages when Christianity was growing.
  • Period: Dec 24, 1000 to Dec 25, 1250

    MIDDLE AGES: Population Growth

    Because of the rise in temperature, the ice age ended, and agriculture and economics grew.
  • Period: Dec 24, 1037 to Dec 25, 1192

    The Seljuk Dynasty

    They took control of the Holy Land in 11th century. They were not as different from the precious dynasties.
  • Dec 24, 1054

    BYZANTINE: Schism - Greek Orthodox and Roman Catholic-

    The Church splits into Greek Orthodox and Roman Catholic.
  • Dec 24, 1066

    ENGLAND: Norman Invasion of England

    The Norman Invasion of England, as explained by the Bayeux Tapestry was the story of William the Conquerer and Harold, the Earl of Wessex. The Norman Invasion ended with William as the victorious one and was crowned king of England.
  • Dec 24, 1095

    MIDDLE AGES: Pope Urban's Speech

    This speech was important because it was what started the First Crusade. It was given by Pope Urban II in the Council of Clermont. The five reasons that he gave for starting the crusade were:
    1, The Muslims were a threat to safety
    2. Reclaim holy land
    3. Expansion because of the growing population
    4. Get land from the Muslims for the Christians
    5. Clean sins and move the knights
  • Jul 15, 1097

    MIDDLE AGES: Christians take Jerusalem

    The crusaders breeched the walls of Jerusalem and slaughter 70,000 Muslims, and all the Jewish people were forced into a synagogue which they then burned to the ground/
  • Period: Dec 24, 1189 to Dec 25, 1192

    MIDDLE AGES: Third Crusade

    After Saladin's capture of Jerusalem 1187, the Christians formed the Third Crusade. This crusade was able to siege and capture Acre.
  • Dec 24, 1200


    The Prose Edda was the plot lines of Norse mythology. The author, Snori Sturlson emphasizes that man has lost the name of God because they had stopped God's name when "a evil passed". Thor was depicted as a strong, angry and warlike and brash warrior.
  • Period: Dec 24, 1202 to Dec 25, 1204

    MIDDLE AGES: Fourth Crusade

    Called Pope Innocent II, the Fourth Crusade was able to capture Constantinople, and place Alexius IV. Alexius V kicked the crusaders out of Constantinople, which consequently resulted in the recapture and plunder of Constantinople.
  • Dec 24, 1212

    MIDDLE AGES: Children's Crusade

    The Children's Crusade consisted of thousands of young people sent to recover Jerusalem from the Muslims. It was a failure.
  • Period: Dec 24, 1213 to Dec 25, 1221

    MIDDLE AGES: Fifth Crusade

    The Fifth Crusade's goal was to reacquire Jerusalem and the rest of the Holy Land by defeating the Ayyubid state.
  • Period: Dec 24, 1228 to Dec 25, 1229

    MIDDLE AGES: Sixth Crusade

    Like the Fifth Crusade, the Sixth Crusade attempted to conquer Jerusalem.
  • Period: Dec 24, 1270 to Dec 25, 1272

    MIDDLE AGES: Eighth Crusade

    Launched by Louis IX, the Eighth Crusade's motive was to attack the Hafsid kingdom in Tunis.
  • Period: Dec 24, 1271 to Dec 25, 1272

    MIDDLE AGES: Ninth Crusade

    The Ninth Crusade was started by Prince Edward and was a battle in the holy land.
  • Dec 24, 1325

    ISLAM: Ibn Battuta

    Ibyn Battuta left on pilgrimage to Mecca.
  • May 29, 1453

    MIDDLE AGES: Ottoman Empire

    Constantinople finally fell to the Ottoman Empire under Ottoman Sultan Mehmed II.