Chapter 7: Late Antiquity and the Emergance of the Medieval World - Chapter 10 the Rise of Kingdoms and the Growth of Church Power By TylerLS 455 Vandals sack Rome The Vandals sack Rome for breaking the treaty between Rome and Gaiseric, the leader of the Vandals. Period: 500 to Jan 1, 711 Germanic Kingdoms Over the course of the fifth and sixth centuries, the Western Roman Empire was replaced politically by a series of kingdoms ruled by Germanic kings. 537 Completion of Hagia Sophia Hagia Sopia is completed by a Grek architect who departed radically from the simple flat-roofed basilica of Western architcture. Jan 1, 632 Death of Muhammad Muhammad dies at the age of 62 in the year of 632. Jan 1, 710 Invasion of Spain The Muslims invade Spain after sweeping across North Africa. After fifteen years Spain was converted to a Muslim state. Jan 1, 732 Charles Martel defeats Muslims Charels Martel defeats a Muslim army making a foray into southern France at the battle of Tours near Poitiers, causing the Muslim expansion to halt. Jan 1, 751 Pepin crowned king of the Franks Pepin is crowned the king of the Franks. Period: Jan 1, 1096 to Jul 1, 1099 First Crusade The first attempt to recover the holy land was orginized by three bands of noble warriors. They massacered the Holy city in June and July, killing many men, women, and children. Period: Jan 1, 1122 to Jan 1, 1204 Eleanor of Aquitaine Eleanor of Aquitaine was heiress to the duchy of Aquitaine in southwestern France. Period: Jan 1, 1147 to Jan 1, 1149 The Second Crusade A Crusade organized by Saint Bernard of Clairvaux who managed ot enlist two powerful rulers, King Louis VII and Emperor Conrad III. The Second Crusade was a total failure. Jan 1, 1179 Establishment of Portugal Portugal was consolidated from nothern Spain durring the reconquest of the christians. Period: Jan 1, 1188 to Jan 1, 1252 Blanche of Castile This powerful medieval queen was responsible for the defeate of Henry II when he tried to incite an uprising in France and many other great feats. Period: Jan 1, 1189 to Jan 1, 1192 The Third Crusade The Third Crusade was a reaction to the fall of the HOly City of Jerusalem to the Muslim forces under Saladin. Jan 1, 1204 The Fourth Crusade Diverted ot Constantinople, the crusaders of the Fourth Crusade's purpose was to sack the capital city of the Byzantine Empire. Period: Jan 1, 1209 to Jan 1, 1221 The Fifth Crusade The Fifth Crusade marked an end to papal leadership of the western crusaders. Jan 1, 1212 The Childrens Crusade Led by the two twelve-year-olds Nicholas and Stephen, the Childrens Crusade was an attempt to recover Jerusalam from the Muslims. Jan 1, 1215 Magna Carta At Runnymede King John was forced to assent ot Mgna Carta, the great charter of feudal liberies. Jan 1, 1228 The Sixth Crusade The Sixth Crusade was when Frederick II occupied Jerusalem. This Crusade came to an end when a group of Turks allied with Egypt atacked. Jan 1, 1291 End of Christian presence in the Holy Land Resulting from the eight major Crusades the Christians lost their last foothold in Acre, loosing the remaining Christian possessions in the Middle East. Mar 2, 2022 Diocletian and Constantine Diocletian and Constantine take over rule from the emperor Numerian when he was mysteriously murdered by his prefect. Mar 2, 2022 Byzantine Empire is defeated by the Bulgars The Byzantine empire is defeated by the Bulgars in the Balkans. Mar 2, 2022 The Battle of Adrianople OUtraged at the Romans' behavior the Visigoths revolted against an army of 40,000 soldiers and killed of the emperor and two-thirds of the Roman army. Mar 2, 2022 Roman Empire divides The Roman Empire divides under pressure from the Visigoths demands of 5,000 pounds of gold and 30,000 pounds of silver. Mar 2, 2022 Election of Hugh Capet as king Hugh Capet count of Orleans and Paris is chosen as the king of the Franks. Mar 2, 2022 Treaty of Verdun divides Carolingian Empire The treaty of Verdun divides the Carolingian Empire. Mar 2, 2022 Pope Leo crowns Charlemagne Pope Leo crowns Charlemagne's head and proclaims him emperor of the Romans. Mar 2, 2022 Otto I Defeats the Magyars Otto I defeats the Magyars at the battle of Lechfeld and encouraged an ongoing program of Christianization of both the Slavic and Scandinavian peoples.