AP World History: Period 4 Timeline

Timeline created by turntechTestified
In History
  • Nov 13, 1445

    Henry the Navigator

    Henry the Navigator
    Although he was given title of a navigator, Henry, a Portuguese prince, didn’t sail or travel to other destinations other than discovering lands among the Madeira Islands and along the western coast of Africa. He advanced map making and opened up a school for navigating and constructing better ships.
  • Jan 1, 1450

    Beginning of Portuguese Slave Trade

    Beginning of Portuguese Slave Trade
    Prince Henry established a slave market & fort in 1445. By 1455 800 slaves were transported to Portugal. By 1470 Libson, Portugal's captital city becam the main slave port. Slavery migrated all around Portugal creating a large market in Libson.
  • Nov 18, 1453

    Reign of Mehmed the Conqueror

    Reign of Mehmed the Conqueror
    Sultan to the Ottoman Empire was known for doing and attack on Constantinople. In consequence, Constantinople fell afer an 1100 year rule and ending the Byzantine Empire. making the Ottomans seem powerful.He also fouded several colleges and universities around the area.
  • Sep 19, 1462

    The Reign of Sunni Ali

    The Reign of Sunni Ali
    Ali was the first king of the Songhair Empire, enhancing the trade of resources and slaves.He also tried to unify the people into one culture. He captured Timbuktu an Djenné in 1468 and 1475.
  • Oct 10, 1487

    Bartolomeu Dias' Voyage into India Ocean

    Bartolomeu Dias' Voyage into India Ocean
    Dias was the first Portuguese explorer to round the southern tip of Africa all the way to the Indian Ocean and had also later on influenced voyages such as those like Vasco da Gama.
  • Nov 5, 1492

    Colombus' First Voyage

    Colombus' First Voyage
    The purpose of his voyage was to find a faster trade route to India that'll advoid Muslims after the Spanish inquistion, but instead had landed on the Carribean Islands, Columbus thought is was India everytime he sailed there; although, he opened up a new place to start trade with.
  • Nov 15, 1492

    The Columbian Exchange

    The Columbian Exchange
    Beggining in 1492, this trade exhange included of people, animals, plants, and diseases. Ships transfered back to the old and new world that created a boost in the ecomomy. It created labor, and a more diverse diet for people like in Europe.
  • Nov 5, 1502

    Moctezuma

    Moctezuma
    His reign was between 1520 to 1520. He was the last Aztec Emperor during the conquest of Hernan Cortes. Moctezuma spread his empire through warfare, this caused many rivals by neighboring tribes.
  • Nov 15, 1519

    Martin Luther

    Martin Luther
    He was a German monk and a religious professor of theology and major role in the Protestant Reformation. Because of his preaching about this later on, it caused a split in the church. Luther inspired the Protestant Reformation whicht lead to large amounts of changes of how people viewed the church in Europe.
  • Nov 17, 1519

    Spanish Conquest of Mexico

    Spanish Conquest of Mexico
    The Spanish were after gold. Thus, they conquered those cities to gain wealth. They made the natives search for their gold, but could never find any, and they believed that the Spanish were gods. Later on, the Spanish drained their reasouces, used them for labor, and helped start a world wide trade.
  • Nov 17, 1521

    Reign of Suleiman the Magnificent

    Reign of Suleiman the Magnificent
    He was son of Selim the 1st, and also was known of commanding the assault on Christian Europe. He complety reconstructed the Ottoman legal system and led Ottoman armies to conquer tBelgrade, Rhodes, and most of Hungary.
  • Nov 16, 1545

    Council of Trent

    Council of Trent
    One of the most important councils in the Roman Catholic Church. Here, they examine and sentence the teachings of Martin Luther and other Protestant reformer. As well as aboloshing abuses and strengthening the papacy.
  • Nov 15, 1546

    John Calvin

    John Calvin
    John Calvin quit law to study theology, he became a influential Protestant leader. Calvin was inspired by Luthers teachings on how the church should act. He also invented governing committees, this later became its seperate church as well.
  • Tokugawa Shogunate

    Tokugawa Shogunate
    The Tokugama Shogunate was the first to establish political unity and economic intergration in Japan. During this reign the military was adapted to the needs of the state, and more educated. By the end of the Tokugawa Shogunate, Japan had closely modernized themselves. It was the last of the three shogunates of Japan
  • Galileo Galilei

    Galileo Galilei
    Galileo Galilei is an Italian physicist, mathematician, astronomer, and philosopher that took part of the Scientific Revolution. He was also known for the improvement of the telescope and has been called the "father of modern observational astronomy".
  • England's Glorious Revolution

    England's Glorious Revolution
    After English Civil War, replaced the reigning king, James II, with his protestant daughter Mary. Parliament had to be arranged regularly. All new taxes had to be approved by Parliament. Monarchs had to belong to the Anglican religion. New political arrangements were made with Scotland.
  • John Locke

    John Locke
    John Locke was an English political philosopher that gave much contribution to the Enlightenment. He argued that the rulers are a subject to the law and authority shouldn't be given by divine right. This resulted later on in a rebellion for civil rights and caused a major change in the government.
  • Peter the Great

    Peter the Great
    Peter I of Russia was the greatest of the Romanovs. He established changes to decrease Russia's isolation and advance the Russian empire's size and power. He tried to make major changes to stop Russias isolation and increase the empire's power. This led to more trading with the west and them straying away from their asian culture. This resulted to the empire growing stronger and braking away from its medieval practices.
  • Period:
    Sep 27, 1299
    to

    Ottomon Empire

    Ottomon Empire founded by Turkish tribes under Osman Bey in 1299 after the fall of the Byzantine Empire. Their military concentrated their wars on the Christians and also facilitated some of the trade that was going on.
  • Period:
    Nov 19, 1340
    to

    Songhai Empire

    The Songhai Empire was relatively big, and pushed its domination into the Sahara from the south. They had brought in their wealth from the trans-saharan traded and was ruled by an indigenous Muslim dynasty. The empire also took and end when it suffered invasions from the Moroccan armies.
  • Period:
    Nov 19, 1502
    to

    Safavid Empire

    They were like the Ottoman Empire, even though they were rivals themselves. Their religious practice was Shi'ite Muslim, and neglected the belief of sunni muslim. They used land grants to support its cavalry. Its population spoke several languages, and they focused on land instead of sea.
  • Period:
    Nov 19, 1527
    to

    Mughal Dynasty

    The Mughal Dynasty was an empire within the Indian subcontinent, whose rulers were Muslims, and descendants of Genghis Khan. In 1556, the “classic period” of the Mughal Dynasty began, with the ruler being Akbar the Great at the time. During this time, India was prosperous in terms of culture, economy, and religion. Also, it was during the reign of Shah Jahan when the golden age of Mughal architecture occurred.
  • Period:
    Nov 19, 1556
    to

    Reign of Akbar the Great

    Akbar was Babur's grandson. All but the southern tip of India fell under Mughal rule under his reign and his 3 successors. He granted land revenues to military officers and government officials in return for their service. He stived for social harmony and not just for more territory and revenue. There was much dispute between Muslims and Hindus during his reign, but he desired for Muslim-Hindu reconciliation.
  • Period: to

    Thirty Years War

    This caused the long lasting depopulation and economic decline in much of the Holy Roman Empire. It started between the German Catholics and Protestants over their rights and how power would be given. In the end, besides this war,came out the prinicple of balanced of power.
  • Period: to

    The Qing Dynasty

    The Qing Dynasty aka Empire of the Great Qing or Great Qing, was the last imperial dynasty of China. The Manchu family started the Qing Empire, even though there were little people of this decent.They adopted Chinese institutions and philosophy to a higher degree than of the Yuan Dynasty and were more conservative and adamant than the Ming Dynasty.
  • Period: to

    Manchus Empire

    They Manchus Empire conquered the Chinese and created the Qing Empire shortly after they conquered the Ming. They led a number of intelletual reasearch, but also took advantage of the Ming rebellion.
  • Period: to

    The Russian Empire

    The Russian Empire had small beggings, but had always seemed to have been moving backwards.By 1750, Russia develped into one of the superior power of Europe, consisting superb armies competent of performing challenges along its European and Asian neighbors. It extended from East Europe (across North Asia) into parts of North America.