• Period: Feb 20, 1497 to Jan 23, 1516

    King Ferdinand and Isabella

    Ruled over Spain
  • Period: Jun 24, 1509 to Jan 28, 1547

    King Henry VIII

    Ruled over England
  • Period: Jan 16, 1547 to

    Ivan the Terrible

    Ruled over Russia
  • Period: Feb 16, 1556 to

    Phillip II

    Ruled over Spain
  • Period: Nov 17, 1558 to

    Elizabeth I

    Ruled over England and Ireland
  • Period: to

    Thirty Years War

    One of the longest and most destructive conflicts in European history. It was an attempt by the king of Bohemia (the future Holy Roman emperor Ferdinand II) to impose Catholicism throughout his domains.
  • Period: to

    English Civil War

    A series of civil wars and political machinations between Parliamentarians and Royalists, mainly over the manner of England's governance and issues of religious freedom.Between 1642 and 1651, armies loyal to King Charles I and Parliament faced off in three civil wars over long standing disputes about religious freedom and how the “three kingdoms” of England, Scotland and Ireland should be governed.
  • Period: to

    King Louis XIV

    Ruled over France
  • Period: to

    Peter the Great

    Ruled over Russia
  • Period: to

    The Glorious Revolution

    The term used for the events leading to the deposition of James II and VII in November 1688, and replacement by his daughter Mary II and her husband and James' nephew William III of Orange, de facto ruler of the Dutch Republic.
  • Period: to

    War of the Spanish Succession

    The War of the Spanish Succession was a European great power conflict that took place from 1701 to 1714.The war was caused by conflicting claims to the Spanish throne after the death of the childless King Charles II. The accession to the Spanish throne of Philip V, grandson of King Louis XIV of France, antagonized England and Holland, which were in growing competition with France.
  • Period: to

    Seven Years War

    A global conflict involving most of the major European powers and many smaller European states, as well as nations in Asia and the Americas.The war was driven by the commercial and imperial rivalry between Britain and France, and by the antagonism between Prussia (allied to Britain) and Austria (allied to France). In Europe, Britain sent troops to help its ally, Prussia, which was surrounded by its enemies.
  • Period: to

    Louis XVI

    Ruled over France
  • Meeting with the Estates-General

     Meeting with the Estates-General
    This assembly was composed of three estates – the clergy, nobility and commoners – who had the power to decide on the levying of new taxes and to undertake reforms in the country. The opening of the Estates General, on 5 May 1789 in Versailles, also marked the start of the French Revolution.
  • Tennis Court Oath

    Tennis Court Oath
    Tennis Court Oath, French Serment du Jeu de Paume, (June 20, 1789), dramatic act of defiance by representatives of the non privileged classes of the French nation (the Third Estate) during the meeting of the Estates-General (traditional assembly) at the beginning of the French Revolution.
  • Storming of the Bastille

    Storming of the Bastille
    The Storming of the Bastille happened in Paris, France, on 14 July 1789, when revolutionary insurgents stormed and seized control of the medieval armoury, fortress, and political prison known as the Bastille. At the time, the Bastille represented royal authority in the centre of Paris.
  • Women's March on Versailles

    Women's March on Versailles
    The Women's March on Versailles, also known as the October March, the October Days or simply the March on Versailles, was one of the earliest and most significant events of the French Revolution.On 5 October 1789, crowds of Parisian market women marched on Versailles, demanding reforms. They besieged the palace and forced King Louis XVI of France (r. 1774-1792) to return with them to Paris.
  • Declaration of the Rights of Man

    Declaration of the Rights of Man
    The Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, set by France's National Constituent Assembly in 1789, is a human civil rights document from the French Revolution. These rights are liberty, property, security, and resistance to oppression.
  • Execution of King Louis XVI

    Execution of King Louis XVI
    The execution of Louis XVI by guillotine, a major event of the French Revolution, took place publicly on 21 January 1793 at the Place de la Révolution in Paris.When a final decision on the question of a respite was taken on January 19, Louis was condemned to death by 380 votes to 310.
  • Period: to

    Reign of Terror

    he Reign of Terror was one of the most significant events of the French Revolution. It was originally carried out to stop supposed threats to revolution but ended up displaying the excesses of the revolution and the heights of violence.
  • Maximillien Robespierre's execution

    Maximillien Robespierre's execution
    As the leading member of the Committee of Public Safety from 1793, Robespierre encouraged the execution, mostly by guillotine, of more than 17,000 enemies of the Revolution. The day after his arrest, Robespierre and 21 of his followers were guillotined before a cheering mob in the Place de la Revolution in Paris.
  • Napoleon Crowns himself emperor

    Napoleon Crowns himself emperor
    On the 2nd of December 1804 Napoleon crowned himself Emperor Napoleon I at Notre Dame de Paris. According to legend, during the coronation he snatched the crown from the hands of Pope Pius VII and crowned himself, thus displaying his rejection of the authority of the Pontiff.
  • Period: to

    Peninsular War

    The Peninsular War was the military conflict fought in the Iberian Peninsula by Spain, Portugal, and the United Kingdom against the invading and occupying forces of the First French Empire during the Napoleonic Wars. In Spain, it is considered to overlap with the Spanish War of Independence.
  • Period: to

    French Invasion of Russia

    Napoleon and his troops invade Russia. The campaign failed, however, because Napoleon and his men ran out of food, and could not survive the harsh weather conditions.
  • Period: to

    French Invasion of Russia

    The French invasion of Russia, also known as the Russian campaign, the Second Polish War, the Army of Twenty nations, and the Patriotic War of 1812 was launched by Napoleon Bonaparte to force the Russian Empire back into the continental blockade of the United Kingdom.
  • Napoleon is exiled to Elba

    Napoleon is exiled to Elba
  • Napoleon dies

    Napoleon dies
  • Period: to

    Nicholas II (Romanov)

    Ruled over Russia