7th grade Social Studies world timeline

Timeline created by Carson p
  • 2950 BCE

    Early Dynastic Period

    Early Dynastic Period
    Early Dynastic Period (2950 -2575 BC) - Dynasties I-III
  • 2575 BCE

    Old Kingdom (2575-2150 BC) - Dynasties IV-VIII

    Old Kingdom (2575-2150 BC) - Dynasties IV-VIII
    The fourth dynasty begins and the Great Pyramids of Giza and the Sphinx are built.
  • Period: 2300 BCE to 1750 BCE

    Hinduism

    It is the third largest religion in the world, with approximately 900 million adherents. It is also the oldest known religion in the world today.
  • 2150 BCE

    First Intermediate Period (2150-1975 BC) Dynasties IX-XI

    First Intermediate Period (2150-1975 BC) Dynasties IX-XI
    Egypt splits back into two countries.
  • Period: 2000 BCE to

    Judaism 2000 B.C.

    Judaism began. Abraham (father of the Semitic religions).He made a divine covenant with God.
  • 1975 BCE

    Middle Kingdom (1975-1640 BC) Dynasties XI-XIV

    Middle Kingdom (1975-1640 BC) Dynasties XI-XIV
    The Pharaoh Mentuhotep II reunites the two parts of Egypt under one rule signaling the start of the Middle Kingdom. The royal tombs are moved to the north near the city of Memphis. The Egyptians start to use irrigation to carry water from the Nile to their crops.
  • 1640 BCE

    Second Intermediate Period (1640-1520 BC) Dynasties XV-XVII

    Second Intermediate Period (1640-1520 BC) Dynasties XV-XVII
    Some of the dynasties at the end of the middle kingdom and during this period only last for a short time. The horse and chariot are introduced during this period.
  • 1520 BCE

    New Kingdom (1520-1075 BC) Dynasties XVIII-XX

    New Kingdom (1520-1075 BC) Dynasties XVIII-XX
    The New Kingdom is the time of greatest prosperity for the Ancient Egyptian civilization. During this time the Pharaohs conquer the most lands and the Egyptian Empire reaches its peak.
  • Period: 1500 BCE to 221 BCE

    Ancient China

    Ancient China was one of the oldest and longest lasting civilizations in the history of the world. The history of Ancient China can be traced back over 4,000 years. Located on the eastern part of the continent of Asia, today China is the most populous country in the world.
  • Period: 1500 BCE to 1100 BCE

    The Shang Dynasty

    The first known dynasty to rule China.
    Ruled a broad area China.
    Invented first writing system and moon based calendar
  • Period: 1500 BCE to 900 BCE

    The Vedas

    Oldest Hindu sacred texts
  • Period: 1100 BCE to 771 BCE

    Zhou Dynasty

    The longest dynasty.
    They Believed that rulers were chosen by heaven. The emperor became head of society. he owned everything and all had to be loyal to him.
  • 1075 BCE

    Third Intermediate Period (1075 - 653 BC) Dynasties XXI-XXIV

    Third Intermediate Period (1075 - 653 BC) Dynasties XXI-XXIV
    The New Kingdom comes to end when Egypt becomes divided. Third Intermediate Period begins. Egypt grows weaker and is eventually conquered by the Assyrian Empire near the end of this period.
  • Period: 771 BCE to 221 BCE

    Warring States Period

    Time of disorder / no single ruler
  • 653 BCE

    Late Period (653 - 332 BC) Dynasties XXV-XXX

    Late Period (653 - 332 BC) Dynasties XXV-XXX
    The late period begins as the Assyrians leave Egypt and the locals regain control from vassals left by the Assyrians.
  • Period: 500 BCE to

    Buddhism

    Believe in reincarnation, 4 noble truths, and Nirvana
  • 305 BCE

    Ptolemaic dynasty

    Ptolemaic dynasty
    Ptolemy I becomes Pharaoh and the Ptolemic period begins. Alexandria becomes the new capital.
  • 221 BCE

    Shi Huangdi - Qin 221-210

    Shi Huangdi - Qin 221-210
    He was the first emperor and expanded China from North to South.
    He worked hard to make sure that people from the different areas in China acted and thought the same. He built the Great Wall of China.
  • Period: 221 BCE to 207 BCE

    Qin Dynasty

    The king unified all of China and ended warring states period.
    Then Xi'an became the new capital.
  • Period: AD 1 to

    Christianity

    Christianity was based on the teachings of Jesus of Nazareth. They believed in the coming the Messiah: a savior sent by God. The believe that followers should seek forgiveness from God for their sins. Jesus was executed by crucifixion. The Christian Bible consists of 2 parts: the Old testament and the New testament.
  • Period: 7 to

    Islam

    People called "Muslims" who worship Islam
  • 221

    The first Emperor united China

    The first Emperor united China
    United China under the Qin "chin" dynasty
  • 313

    Emperor Constantine

    Emperor Constantine
    Constantine converts to Christianity. The Edict of Milan allowed freedom of worship in the Roman empire.
  • 400

    Bhagavad Gita

    Bhagavad Gita
    Most famous read text of ancient India
  • 481

    Clovis-l

    Clovis-l
    Was leader in 481 CE. He united Frankish tribes and expanded territory.
  • Period: 500 to 1000

    Dark Ages

    Scholars named this as a time when the barbarians overwhelmed the Romans.
  • Period: 527 to 565

    Justinian the Great

    He ruled 527-565 CE
  • 563

    Siddahrtha Guatama

    Siddahrtha Guatama
    Credited for founding Buddhism. He was born in 563 B.C.
  • 570

    Mahammad

    Mahammad
    Mahammad was born in Mecca around the year 570
  • Period: 581 to 618

    Sui Dynasty

  • Period: 600 to 1093

    Jerusalem from 600 CE to 1093

    in 600 CE the Arabs entered the city and took control
  • 610

    Islam begins

    Islam begins
    The religion of Islam begins when Muhammad receives the first revelations of the Quran.
  • Period: 618 to 907

    T'ang

  • 622

    Hijrah

    Hijrah
    Muhammad and his followers move to Medina to escape persecution in Mecca. This migration becomes known as the "Hijrah" and marks the beginning of the Islamic calendar.
  • 630

    Mecca becomes the center of the Islamic world.

    Mecca becomes the center of the Islamic world.
    Muhammad returns to Mecca and gains control of the city. Mecca becomes the center of the Islamic world.
  • 632

    Abu Bakr - Leader of Islam

    Abu Bakr - Leader of Islam
    Abu Bakr succeeds Muhammad as leader of the Islam faith. He is the first of the four "Rightly Guided" Caliphs. This also marks the beginning of the Rashidun Caliphate.
  • Jun 8, 632

    Mahammad's death

    Mahammad's death
    He died at 60 yrs old
  • 634

    Umar becomes the second Caliph.

    Umar becomes the second Caliph.
    Umar becomes the second Caliph. The Islamic Empire expands during his rule to include much of the Middle East including Iraq, Egypt, Syria, and part of North Africa.
  • 644

    Uthman becomes the third Caliph.

    Uthman becomes the third Caliph.
    Uthman becomes the third Caliph. He will create the standardized version of the Quran.
  • 656

    Ali bin Talib the 4th Caliph

    Ali bin Talib the 4th Caliph
    Ali bin Talib becomes the fourth Caliph.
  • Period: 661 to 750

    The Umayyad Caliphate takes control

    The Umayyad Caliphate takes control after Ali is assassinated. They move the capital city to Damascus.
  • 680

    Hussein is killed at Karbala

    Hussein is killed at Karbala
    Hussein, the son of Ali, is killed at Karbala.
  • 692

    The Dome of the Rock is finished

    The Dome of the Rock is finished
    The Dome of the Rock is completed in Jerusalem.
  • 700

    The spread of Islam

    The spread of Islam
    100 yrs after Mahammads death Islam spreads through 3 continets
  • 711

    Muslims enter Spain from Morocco

    Muslims enter Spain from Morocco
    Muslims enter Spain from Morocco. They will eventually gain control of most of the Iberian Peninsula.
  • 732

    The Islamic army pushes into France until they are defeated by Charles Martel

    The Islamic army pushes into France until they are defeated by Charles Martel
    The Islamic army pushes into France until they are defeated by Charles Martel at the Battle of Tours.
  • 750

    Salt Trade

    Salt Trade
    Exchange between West Africans selling gold for salt sold by Arab traders
  • Period: 750 to 1258

    Baghdad

    The Abbasid Caliphate takes control and builds a new capital city called Baghdad. The Islamic Empire experiences a period of scientific and artistic achievement that will later be called the Golden Age of Islam.
  • 780

    al-Khwarizmi is born

    al-Khwarizmi is born
    Mathematician and scientist al-Khwarizmi is born. He is known as the "Father of Algebra."
  • 972

    Egypt is founded

    Egypt is founded
    Al-Azhar University in Cairo, Egypt is founded.
  • 989

    Peace of God

    Peace of God
    A set of decrees issued in 989 CE that prohibited stealing Church property, assaulting clerics, peasants and women with the threat of excommunication Church.
  • 1000

    The crusaders

    The crusaders
    Muslims and Cristians were heading for a crash course
  • 1025

    The Canon of Medicine

    The Canon of Medicine
    Ibn Sina completes his encyclopedia of medicine called "The Canon of Medicine" . It will become the standard medical textbook throughout Europe and the Middle East for hundreds of years.
  • 1027

    Truce of God

    Truce of God
    Set in and outlawed all fighting from Thursday to Monday morning, on important feast days and during religious days.
  • 1048

    Omar Khayyam is born.

    Omar Khayyam is born.
    Famous poet and scientist Omar Khayyam is born.
  • Period: 1092 to 1453

    The Crusades

  • 1093

    Byzantine Emperor named Alexius Comnenus asks for help against invaders

    Byzantine Emperor named Alexius Comnenus asks for help against invaders
    The MuslimTurks were trying to take over the Byzantine capital of Constantinople.
  • 1095

    around 1095 a new group of Arabs took control of Jeruselam

    around 1095 a new group of Arabs took control of Jeruselam
    They closed the city to Jewish and Christian pilgrims.
  • Period: 1096 to 1099

    First Crusade

  • 1099

    Christian armies recapture Jerusalem

    Christian armies recapture Jerusalem
    Christian armies recapture Jerusalem during the First Crusade.
  • Period: 1127 to 1279

    Southern Sung

  • Period: 1147 to 1149

    2nd Crusade

    Muslim leader Saladin takes control of Jeruselam
  • 1186

    The end of the Crusaders

    The end of the Crusaders
    Saladin raids Jerusilem and ends the crusaders
  • 1187

    Saladin retakes the city of Jerusalem

    Saladin retakes the city of Jerusalem
    Saladin takes back the city of Jerusalem
  • Period: 1189 to 1192

    Third Crusade

  • Period: 1200 to 1300

    Mongol Conquests and Empire

    Image result for mongols conquests and empire
    The Mongol invasions and conquests took place during the 13th and 14th centuries, creating the vast Mongol Empire which by 1300 covered large parts of Eurasia. ... In addition, Mongol expeditions may have spread the bubonic plague across much of Eurasia, helping to spark the Black Death of the 14th century.
  • Period: 1202 to 1204

    Fourth Crusade

  • Period: 1206 to 1227

    The reign of Genghis Khan

    By Genghis Khan's death in 1220s, Mongol armies had moved west into the Islamic lands and Central Europe.
  • Period: 1211 to 1234

    Conquest of northern China

    The Mongol Empire under Genghis Khan started the conquest with small-scale raids into Western Xia in 1205 and 1207. By 1279, the Mongol leader Kublai Khan had established the Yuan dynasty in China and crushed the last Song resistance, which marked the onset of all of China under the Mongol Yuan rule.
  • 1212

    Children's Crusade

    Children's Crusade
    The kids prayed to god and thought they won't die, and they did on the way there.
  • Period: 1219 to 1221

    Conquest of Persia

    John Andrew Boyle describes how, in the early thirteenth century, the Mongol hordes devastated Turkestan and Persia, where the grandson of Genghis Khan founded a dynasty.
  • Period: 1237 to 1241

    Conquest of Russia

    The campaign was heralded by the Battle of the Kalka River in 1223, which resulted in a Mongol victory over the forces of several Rus' principalities. The invasion was ended by the Mongol succession process upon the death of Ögedei Khan.
  • 1258

    The Mongol army sacks the city of Baghdad

    The Mongol army sacks the city of Baghdad
    The Mongol army sacks the city of Baghdad destroying much of the city and killing the Caliph.
  • Period: 1261 to 1517

    The Abbasid Caliphate establishes the Caliphate in Cairo, Egypt.

    The Abbasid Caliphate establishes the Caliphate in Cairo, Egypt. They have religious authority, but the Mamluks hold the military and political power.
  • Period: 1264 to 1279

    Conquest of southern China

    The Mongol Empire under Genghis Khan started the conquest with small-scale raids into Western Xia in 1205 and 1207. By 1279, the Mongol leader Kublai Khan had established the Yuan dynasty in China and crushed the last Song resistance, which marked the onset of all of China under the Mongol Yuan rule.
  • 1325

    Famous Muslim traveler Ibn Battuta

    Famous Muslim traveler Ibn Battuta
    Famous Muslim traveler Ibn Battuta begins his travels.
  • Period: 1368 to

    Ming

  • 1453

    The Ottomans take the city of Constantinople

    The Ottomans take the city of Constantinople
    The Ottomans take the city of Constantinople bringing an end to the Byzantine Empire.
  • 1453

    In the End

    In the End
    Muslim Turks are the victors and take over the Byzantine.
  • 1492

    the last Islamic stronghold in Spain is defeated at Granada.

    the last Islamic stronghold in Spain is defeated at Granada.
    After being pushed back for centuries, the last Islamic stronghold in Spain is defeated at Granada.
  • Period: 1517 to

    The Ottoman Empire conquers Egypt

    The Ottoman Empire conquers Egypt and claims the Caliphate.
  • 1526

    The Mughal Empire is established

    The Mughal Empire is established
    The Mughal Empire is established in India.
  • Period: 1568 to

    Three great unifiers

  • 1582

    Hideyoshi takes over

    Hideyoshi takes over
    Attempts to finish unification.
  • Japan was unified

    Japan was unified
    Unified by military commanders
  • British East India Company

    British East India Company
    company established trading rights in India during the Mughal empire
  • The first Europeans to sail to Australia

    The first Europeans to sail to Australia
    The first Europeans to sail to Australia were the Dutch
  • All missionaries were removed

    All missionaries were removed
    They closed the trade
  • a tomb for the wife of the Mughal Emperor, is completed in India.

    a tomb for the wife of the Mughal Emperor, is completed in India.
    The Taj Mahal, a tomb for the wife of the Mughal Emperor, is completed in India.
  • Period: to

    1rst Voyage

  • Captain James Cook sails around Australia

    Captain James Cook sails around Australia
  • Period: to

    Raja Ram Mohan Roy

    A social reformer, journalist, and, educationist
  • Period: to

    2nd Voyage

  • Period: to

    3rd Voyage

  • First Fleet

    First Fleet
    The First Fleet was the 11 ships that departed from Portsmouth, England on 13 May 1787 to New South Wales
  • British prisoners settled in Australia

    British prisoners settled in Australia
  • Period: to

    New South Wales was officially a penal colony

  • Great Britain took the colony

    Great Britain took the colony
  • The Monroe Doctrine

    The Monroe Doctrine
  • Period: to

    First Opium War

  • The Treaty of Nanjing

    The Treaty of Nanjing
  • Opium dens

    Opium dens
  • Period: to

    The Taiping Rebellion

  • Japanese period beginning

    Japanese period beginning
  • Arrival of Matthew Perry

    Arrival of Matthew Perry
  • Sepoy Mutiny

    Sepoy Mutiny
    Hindus and Muslims revolted against the British
  • Government officials create boundaries for the colonies

    Government officials create boundaries for the colonies
  • Period: to

    Dowager Empress CI Xi rules China

  • Period: to

    Emperor Meiji

  • Indian National Congress

    Indian National Congress
  • Constitution of 1889

    Constitution of 1889
    Based on German model
  • Role of women

    Role of women
  • European countries colonize almost all of Africa

    European countries colonize almost all of Africa
  • Commonwealth in Australia was established

    Commonwealth in Australia was established
  • Immigration Restriction Act

    Immigration Restriction Act
    restricted migration to people European descent
  • Period: to

    The Russo-Japanese War

  • Muslim league

    Muslim league
  • The First "Miss Japan"

    The First "Miss Japan"
  • South Africa gained independence from Britian

    South Africa gained independence from Britian
  • Spheres of Influence

    Spheres of Influence
  • Japanese annexes Korea

    Japanese annexes Korea
  • Revolution of 1911

    Revolution of 1911
  • Imperialism in Asia

    Imperialism in Asia
  • Franz Ferdinand's assassination

    Franz Ferdinand's assassination
  • English and German soldiers stop fighting and celebrate Christmas

    English and German soldiers stop fighting and celebrate Christmas
  • Period: to

    The First World War

  • Germany sinks the Lusitania

    Germany sinks the Lusitania
  • Germany announced "unlimited submarine warfare"

    Germany announced "unlimited submarine warfare"
  • New York Journal, U.S. declares war

    New York Journal, U.S. declares war
  • Russia left the war after the communist revolution

    Russia left the war after the communist revolution
  • Period: to

    The Espionage act and Sedition act

    They punished those against the war, many of whom were labor leaders
  • Firrst president of turkey

    Firrst president of turkey
    he Caliphate is abolished by Mustafa Ataturk, the first President of Turkey.
  • Canberra is completed

    Canberra is completed
    Melbourne served as the national capital until Canberra was completed
  • Kenya started a political party

    Kenya started a political party
  • Period: to

    Holocaust - Judaiam

    6 million Jews were murdered because of their religion
  • The government adopted aparttheid

    The government adopted aparttheid
  • Period: to

    Apartheid

  • Group Area Act

    Group Area Act
  • Belgium granted the Congo independence

    Belgium granted the Congo independence
  • Nigeria becomes independent

    Nigeria becomes independent
  • Period: to

    Almost all of the colonies of West and Central Africa became independent nations

  • Nelson Mandela was jailed

    Nelson Mandela was jailed
  • Kenya becomes independent

    Kenya becomes independent
  • Joseph Mobutu ruled as a Corrupt Dictator

    Joseph Mobutu ruled as a Corrupt Dictator
  • Federal government helps the Aborigines

    Federal government helps the Aborigines
    Federal government began to pass legislation to help the Aborigines
  • Jerry Rawlings seized power

    Jerry Rawlings seized power
  • Australia act

    Australia act
    all legal ties with the British Empire were served
  • Period: to

    Other countries dismantled apartheid

  • Period: to

    F.W. de Klerk was South Africa's white president

  • Nelson Mandela was released from prison

    Nelson Mandela was released from prison
  • Apartheid appeals

    Apartheid appeals
  • Jerry Rawlings becomes president

    Jerry Rawlings becomes president
  • Nelson Mandela became president

    Nelson Mandela became president
  • Hutu groups killed Tutsis

    Hutu groups killed Tutsis
  • Mobutu falls out of power

    Mobutu falls out of power
  • African Union

    African Union