China at this time whent into a crazy period. But eventully brought themselves back together creating the grand canal increasing trade and wealth.
Theocratic empire develops at Teotihuacán in Mexico with a large urban center and Pyramids of the Sun and Moon.-allison coe
Lasting from 527-564, the Bubanic plague (also called 'sixth plague of justinian') killed many Europeans and spread extremely quickly.
Feudalism Europe - Abigail
After the collapse of the Western Roman Empire by 530 CE, Europe was split into different kingdoms ruled by Germanic kings, and operated on a social system called feudalism. In feudalism, land was granted to the lords by the king, who in turn rented it to vassals in exchange for military and economic support. The vassals then had the land worked by peasants and serfs.
Jan 1, 600
Europeans begin to travel and explore North America after conquering Latin American societies
Jan 1, 600
The Vikings set foot in Newfoundland, almost 500 years before Columbus came
Jan 1, 600
Many civilizations began to form in Canada
Jan 1, 600
At this time, Latin America is generally a male dominated society, although women are appreciated.
May 5, 600
The Japanese developed a system of feudalism, a political and economic system less developed than those of centralized empires, but more powerful than a purely local government. Feudalism was accompanied by a set of political values that emphasized mutual ties, obligations, and loyalties. The Japanese elites - who came to be known as daimyos - found military talent in the samurai, professional warriors who swore loyalty to them.
May 6, 600
Middle East: Social Structures: Development and Transformation
In Muslim lands, women seldom traveled. They mostly worked in fields and tended animals. Urban women lived in seclusion and did not leave the homes without covering themselves. Although women sometimes became literate and studies w/ relatives, they did so away from unrelated men. For women, public roles were generally barred.
May 5, 601
korea taken by the Tang
In the 7th century most of korea is taken over by the Tang. resulted in the Korean Silla Dynasty's king recognizing the Tang emperor as his overlord. Tang forces withdrew from the peninsula, and even though Korea paid tribute to China, the Silla rulers were allowed to have a greatly deal of autonomy. Significantly, though, the tributary relationship developed in a great deal of Chinese influence diffusing to Korea. The Silla built a new capital modeled on the Tang capital, Confucian schools wer
May 7, 622
Islam is Founded
Muslims believes that the prophet Muhammad is the messenger of God.
Arab conquests were mostly outside of Arabia. The Arab armies took over Syria and Egypt from the Byzantine Empire. Tunisia fell and became the governing center, which was organized by an Arab-led army. Sind, the southern Indus Valley, succumbed to invaders from Iraq. Muslim dominion remained stable for the next three centuries.
May 7, 650
650 CE Caribbean [AM]
Arauquinod expanded into the Caribbean chain.
Jan 1, 700
Quipu becomes the standard recording device of the Andean civilizations. Variations of the system of tying knots to represent words had been used for centuries prior to this. This specific concept of the Quipu system did not become widespread until the rise of the Incan Empire in the 15th century.
May 6, 700
Ghana empire began t develope. This was greatly due to trade.
May 6, 700
The Islamic religion began to spread into West Africa due to the trans saharan trade route.
May 7, 700
Trade (South Africa)
Trade between South African and Arabs and the Phoenicians begins, items traded include ivory tusks, rhino horns, gold, shells and slaves
May 8, 700
Eastern African Trade
Eastern African still had very limited contact with other continents, but trade did begin to flourish in that area.
May 7, 750
750 A. D. The rest of the pacific was colonized during this time period. This also brings some trade of resources, and sweet potatoes travel to new islands to become a part of islanders diets.
May 7, 750
Beginning of Abbasid Caliphate
The Umayyad defined Arab realm ethnically rather than religiously, so the majority of Arabs that are Muslims revolted--starting the religious based Abbasid Caliphate.
May 5, 1000
1000-1200Development of neo-Confucianism.
Cultures, Social Structures
May 6, 1000
Around 1000 CE the ghana empire fell because of internal conflict and others trying to invade the empire.
May 6, 1000
The sosso tribe became the next powerful empire in West Africa after th Ghana empire.
May 8, 1000
Muslim Invade India (SE Asia)
Muslims invaded India and the story is considered one of the bloodiest in history. The invasions actually continued even through when the Muslims were ruling India.
During this time, Iran and Iraq had economic misfortunes that were caused by robust urbanization which had strained food sources and political fragmentation had dissipated revenues. The practice of using land grants to pay soldiers also was a part of it. When grant holders used agents to collect taxes, the agents took little interest in improving production all which weakened the agricultural base of the economy.
May 6, 1054
The formal divide of the Latin church and Othodox church, still not completly mended. Caused by the want of control by both the pope and leaders of Western Europe.
Period: May 8, 1095 to May 8, 1204
The Crusades Europe - Abigail
The Crusades were armed pilgrimages to the Holy Land by Christians determined to recover Jerusalem from Muslim rule. They succeeded in bringing Islamic influence into European society through cultural diffusion.
May 6, 1100
Water Systems and Irrigation in South Asia
Villagers in India develop a system of stone and earthen dams across rivers to store water for slow release through elaborate irrigation canals. This was for certain regions that couldn’t move their pastoral herds to the water, but had to bring it to them. Many irrigation systems were introduced by the Delhi Sultanate
May 8, 1100
Aztecs rose to power and remained until the arrival of Spaniards in 16th century. Strict society was broken into four major classes.
May 8, 1100
Aztecs sacrificed war captives and prsoners human hearts. This was done out of their belief that their God relied on human hearts and by doing this sacrifice they were appeasing their God.
May 8, 1100
Aztecs created Chinampas which provided fertile land for growing crops. They created these by digging out islands in damp areas surrounded by water.
May 8, 1137
Ethiopian Empire Begins
The beginning of the Ethiopian Empire
(The picture is of the ancient Ethipian flag that was used at this time period!)
May 5, 1150
1150Explosive powder used in weapons in China
Enviroment, Cultures, Conflict
May 5, 1162
1162-1227Genghis Khan's life. He brings conflict all across Central Asia.
May 5, 1168
Aztecs enter from South America and eventually gain control Central Valley of Mexico while defeating a previous civilization.-allison coe
May 7, 1187
Saladin Recaptures Jerusalem
After the fall of the Fatmid dynasty, Saladin recaptures JErusalem from the Europeans and fought off the crusades.
May 8, 1192
Buddhism Destroyed in India (SE Asia)
Buddhism fell after the northeastern stronghold of Buddhism fell when the Turks took over India from Delhi along with the fall of the Nalanda university.
May 5, 1200
the monguls attack
The monguls attack most of asia caturing and taking over almost all of it.
May 6, 1200
600-1200 Byzantine Empires established Chirstianity as their official religion, also continued Roman Imperial Rule and tradition that was ignored in the West...eventually lost many supporters becasue they turned to the Muslim faith.
May 6, 1200
Indian Ocean Trade
Traders and merchants in the Indian Ocean trade route. It began to expand and was one of the world’s richest trading networks.
May 7, 1200
Caribs migrated over from Orinoco river to settle the Caribbean islands.
May 8, 1200
Eastern Africa slave trade
Eastern Africas main export was slaves due to the need for slaves in both European and Islamic nations at that time.
May 8, 1200
Mongols are under the eadership of Genghis Khan and officially conquer Russia
May 8, 1200
The Thais Arrive (SE Asia)
The Thais settled in the Khmer area from southern China and Buddhism began to replace Hinduism.
May 8, 1200
1200Innoculation for smallpox in China
May 13, 1200
During this time the Easter Island sculptures are formed, due to a competitive building tradition between chiefs. Chiefs saught a higher status in society by attempting to build the tallest sculptures.
May 6, 1206
Delhi Sultanate 1206-1526
Turkish and Muslim invaders took advantage over the great fragmentation in India and eventually extended their rule over most of Northern India. Personal and religious rivalries, the discontent of Hindus and the eventual revolt of Muslim nobles led to the disintegration of the Delhi
May 6, 1206
Slavery and Gender Roles in South Asia
In India the city of Delhi was overflowing with slaves. The Muslim rulers sold many Hindus into slavery and sometimes even gave them as presents to emperors of China. Women’s main jobs continued to be child rearing and food preparation. Their status was based on that of their father, husband or owner.
May 7, 1215
1215 A. D. Islanders from Tahiti discover New Zealand and begin to send some civilians to settle there.
May 8, 1237
Mongols invade Russia, Tartars, (turkic people), establish empire of the Golden Horde in southern Russia
May 6, 1240
the sosso tribe were then conquered by the Mali empire.
May 7, 1260
Battle of Nazareth
The mongols are defeated in the Battle of Nazareth, weakening mongol rule.
May 8, 1270
East Africa - Zagwe
The Zagwe dynasty was overthrown by a king claiming lineage with the Aksumite emperors
May 8, 1290
Sultanate of Delhi (SE Asia)
The Sultanate of Delhi was the various Muslim dynasties that ruled in India, founded after Muhammad of Ghor defeated Prithvi Raj and captured Delhi.
May 5, 1300
1300Marco Polo travels in China.
May 7, 1300
Mayoid entered Trinidad and remained the dominant culture until Spanish Settlement.
May 5, 1325
Aztecs find and take over island called Tenochititlan under Emperor Moctezuma I.-allison coe
May 6, 1325
Religious Tolerance in South Asia
During the Delhi rule India experienced a more religiously tolerant period. The Sultan Muhammad ibn Tughluq sought to win the loyalty of Hindus and Muslims by promoting religious tolerance.
May 5, 1350
The Incans rapidly expand in Andean South America.-allison coe
May 8, 1350
The Renaissance Europe - Abigail
The Renaissance was a period of intense artistic and intellectual activity spurred by new discoveries in Europe from the Islamic Caliphates during the Crusades. It took place during the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries.
May 8, 1380
Prince Dmitry Donskoy of Moscow leads RUssian army to an important victory over the Mongols in the Battle of Kulikovo. (Mongols still in control until about 1480.)
Jan 1, 1415
Prince Henry the Navigator opens the great Portuguese "Age of Exploration". At this time, Europeans began exploring the world by sea in search of trading partners, new goods, and new trade routes. In addition, some explorers set sail to simply learn more about the world. The information gained during this time significantly helped in the advancement of geographic knowledge, including 'The New World' of the Americas.
May 5, 1415
Prince Henry the Navigator starts the Portuguese "Age of Exploration". This causes many navigators to take hold and discover new land in South America.-allison coe
May 7, 1450
1450 A.D. the people of new zealand rely mostly on a hunter-gatherer way of life, especially in the south were the climate is more difficult to grow plants in agriculturally. The northerners grow crops such as the sweet potato, and both areas hunt a flightless bird called the Mao.
May 7, 1450
1450 A.D.The Tongan empire has fallen, which used to be mainly dominant in the islanders society, changing the now extremely complex social structure of the islands. The main islands have a social structure of chiefs and councils that run their societies, but Easter island remains based on the building of statues.
May 8, 1450
Migration in the Caribbean
The Indigenous people of the Caribbean islands such as the Ciboney, the Arawak, and the Carib begin to migrate to other Islands. These are the people who historians believe met Christopher Columbus upon his arrival in the Caribbean.
May 7, 1453
Capture of Constantinople
The Ottomans capture Constantinople by Sultan Mehmid II.
May 6, 1500
Timbuktu was a huge trade center during 1200-1500 BCE. There was a lot of advancements in timbuktu in education and trade.
North Africa 600 CE- 1450 CE
Environment: Famine strikes North Africa, people go hungry as a result of the poor crops.
Cultures: Muslim religion begins to take ground and many leave Christianity behind.
States: Much of northern Africa is independent with different African dynasties ruling in different places.
North Africa 600 CE- 1450 CE continued
Economic Systems: A lot of trading dominated this region, the traded items like salt and gold and kept to a barter system rather than a set currency.
Social Structures: Its social structure is still patriarchal, it is also influenced by Muslim social structures.
East: Alexius Comnenus calls for military aid, eventually leading to the fourth Crusade in 1204. (crusades in general: religious wars to gain back supporters...)
960-1279Song dynasty in China.
States, Social Structures
budism in Asia
Empiror wang was a huge suporter of budism which mad ethe rest of the people become budist also. This mae a large increase in this religion.
Middle East: Environments: Interaction between humans and their environment
In the Islamic world, urban growth was affecting the countryside by expanding the consumer market. Fruits, rice, and sugar cane increased in acreage. Irrigation works expanded. Coinage facilitated long-distance trade the provided links between isolated districts and pastoral nomads.
MOsque Of Ibn Tulun in Fustat
Symbolized Egyt for becoming the first time quasi-independent province under it's governor.
The Mayans proudce the first full book written in the Americas.
979 A.D. inter-island communication is important for the people of this region, regardless of the fact that this means a long sea voyage to reac the other islands. Hawaii is colonized for a second time, by the people of Tahiti.
Varangian leader Rurik gains control of Ladoga and built a settlement in Novgorod
Prince Oleg, after attacking constantinople, signs treaty with the Byzantine Empire
Toltecs ruled Mexico and Guatemala from the 10th to 12th century. Created the first conquest state based largely on military power.
Eastern Africa - Dark Ages
The Ethiopian Dark Ages begin after the Kingdom of Aksum is taken over
Khmer Civilization (SE Asia)
The Khmer civilization emerged and lasted until 1200. It became Southeast Asia’s most advanced civilization and controlled a large empire, which is currently Cambodia.
Vikings Europe - Abigail
The Vikings descended on western Europe in 793, attacking and looting villages in England, France and Spain. They also settled parts of Greenland, Iceland, and Vinland, in the area of Newfoundland, during the ninth and tenth centuries.
Vikings ruled the seas at this time, they would go to cities or other areas with larger populations and plunder them, take what they need and leave
Middle East: Cultures: Development and Interaction
The Abbasid Caliphate falls under the control of mountain warriors from the province of Daylam in northen Iran. They conquest Iran as well as Iraq. For almost two centuries these warriors held firm.
The Holy Roman Empire Europe - Abigail
The Holy Roman Empire lasted from 962 to 1806, but was strongest during the Middle Ages. It was united by Charlemagne, who was crowned emperor by the pope in 800, and consisted of a loose fereration of Germanic states.