World History Block 2

  • Aug 25, 1095

    Crusades are Fought/ First Crusade

    Crusades are Fought/ First Crusade
    A war between Christians and Muslims over holy land. The Crusade lasted from 1095 to 1291. At the end of the war Muslims had won control.
  • Sep 11, 1300

    Renaissance begins

    Renaissance begins
    The Renaissance was a time of major advancement in areas such as Art, Science and Literature. The economy increased and people had more money to spend. You can still see influences of the Renaissance today
  • May 3, 1337

    100 years war begins

    100 years war begins
    The 100 years war was where the kings and kingdoms of France and England battled against each other for the longest time. England was trying to mantain their land while England was trying to reclaim it.
    The war finally ended in 1453.
  • Aug 25, 1347

    The Black Death begins in Europe

    The Black Death begins in Europe
    The Black death made a wide spread disease due to rats on trade ships who had fleas carrying the plague. A third of Europes population was wiped out by this disease
  • Sep 19, 1368

    Ming Dynasty in China

    Ming Dynasty in China
  • Oct 3, 1405

    Voyages of Zheng He

    Voyages of Zheng He
    1405-1433
    Zheng He was a Chinese Muslim Admiral whose voyages were sponsored by Yonglo. There were seven voyages all together. He had a massive fleet of about 300 ships.
  • May 30, 1431

    Joan of Arc burned at the stake

    Joan of Arc burned at the stake
    Joan was burned at the stake at the age of 19 with charges of heresy. She had died of smoke inhalation and was ordered to be burned a second time to destroy her body. After that time her organs still survived so she was ordered to be burned a third time. Later on was found innocent and deemed a saint in 1920.
  • Oct 1, 1453

    Ottomans Conquer Constantinople

    Ottomans Conquer Constantinople
    The Ottomans had failed many times before but their new leader Mehmed was determined to conquer Constantinople. They launched an attack by sea and by land. With this conquest Mehmad came to be known as "the Conquerer
  • Sep 11, 1455

    Johannes Gutenberg - Printing Press

    Johannes Gutenberg - Printing Press
    The printing press revolutinized the production of literature. It created a widespread interest (obession) with reading. More and more people learned to read due to this. The first printed publication was the Bible
  • Sep 17, 1492

    1st Voyage of Columbus

    1st Voyage of Columbus
    When he set sail, Columbus didn't know the Americas were there. He was planing to sail the Atlantic in order to reach Asia. The journey took a lot longer than he and his crew had thought
  • Oct 17, 1492

    Jews, Gypsies & Moors expelled from Spain

  • Sep 17, 1497

    Da Gama lands in India

    Da Gama lands in India
    On his journey he learned about how Muslim merchants were already involved in trade. Da Gama learned that because he had stopped at many African ports on the the way to Africa. The trip took a total of 10 months
  • Oct 9, 1500

    Slave Trade Across Atlantic

    Slave Trade Across Atlantic
    1500-1800
    The Slave Trade started in order to help fix the labor shortages in the Americas. They were shipped from African to the Americas in harsh conditions. When they got there they were treated like property and mostly worked on plantations
  • Oct 17, 1501

    Safavid Empirte

    Safavid Empirte
    1501-1722
    The Safavid empire was founded by a 14 year old boy. It was in what we now know as present day Iran and part of Iraq. The religion was decided as Shiism
  • Sep 25, 1502

    Naming of the World

    Naming of the World
    The new world was named The Americas because a mapmaker named it after Amerigo Vespucci. Other mapmakers just followed in his footsteps. Since Amerigo was a men's name and continents were typcially girls names, they called it America.
  • Sep 19, 1503

    Da Vinci paints the Mona Lisa

    Da Vinci paints the Mona Lisa
    The Mona Lisa is by far Da Vinci's most famos painting. People were and still are drawn to her mysterious smile. Da Vinci use her smile to portray the complexity of human spirit
    1503-1506
  • Sep 9, 1508

    Michelangelo begins painting Sistine Chapel

    Michelangelo begins painting Sistine Chapel
    Michelangelo spent 4 years working on his masterpiece. He painted scenes from bible stories on the ceiling. He had been forced to paint it by Pope Julius.
  • Sep 11, 1517

    Martin Luther posts 95 Theses

    Martin Luther posts 95 Theses
    The 95 Theses was a list of 95 complaints Luther had on the church. In no time flat it had spread like wildfire. He had been asked to withdraw hi statements but had refused.
  • Sep 17, 1519

    Maggellan starts his "around the world" trip

    Maggellan starts his "around the world" trip
    When he left, Maggellan had 5 ships and a total of 250 men. The journey proved to be a long and difficult one. Finally after taking months Magellan and his men reached the Phillipines, where unfortunately he got killed in a battle against the natives
  • Oct 17, 1526

    Mughal Empire

    Mughal Empire
    1526-1707
    The Mughals made many changes to India. They centralized the government and brought smaller kingdoms together. During their reign there was a high tolerance for religion
  • Sep 25, 1534

    Henry VIII Found Angelican Church

    Henry VIII Found Angelican Church
    When his marriage anullment got declined by the Pope Henry decided to become head of the church. He didn't change much but did close and give monestaries and convents to nobles. This helped gain support for the split from the church.
  • Sep 17, 1537

    Pizarro invade the Inca empire

    Pizarro invade the Inca empire
    When Pizarro reached the Incan empire he saw that Smallpox has just recently plauged them. Civil war had broken out due to the death of their ruler. These things made the conquering on the Inca's a much easier job for Pizarro
  • Sep 15, 1543

    Copernicus publishes heliocentric theory

    Copernicus publishes heliocentric theory
    The Heliocentric theory is the theory that the Sun is the center of the Solar System and everything else revolves around it. Although he had written out his theory before then he didn't publsh it until the last year of his life. He did this because he knew the church would not agree with his theory and his mathmatical formulas were not 100% perfect.
  • Oct 15, 1545

    Council of Trent

    Council of Trent
    1545-1563
    The council of Trent was founded by Pope Paul III. They clarified Catholic points and teachings.They rejected the Protestants belief of self discipline.
  • Oct 9, 1550

    Age of Enlightenment

    Age of Enlightenment
    1550-1800.
    The Enlightenment inspired many people to discuss and debate over new ideas. It reached its peak in 1700 where Paris was the center. Some people began to look for ways to apply reason and make human life better.
  • Sep 25, 1556

    Phillip II rules Spain

    Phillip II rules Spain
    Phillip became ruler of Spain as well as many other places when his father Charles V gave up the throne. Phillip was thought of as a major influence on the counter reformation. He helped Spain grow prosperous.
  • Sep 25, 1558

    Elizabeth I becomes Queen of England

    Elizabeth I becomes Queen of England
    Elizabeth took the thrown after Mary got overthrown. She was the second daughter of Kind Henry VIII. She helped return England back to Catholicsm
  • Slave Trade Across Atlantic

    Slave Trade Across Atlantic
    The slave trade started due to labor shortages in North America. Orignially they had use Native Americas but after millions had died due to mistreatment and disease they brought over Africans. It finally ended in 1800.
  • Jamestown, Colony in Virginia, founded

    Jamestown, Colony in Virginia, founded
    Jamestown was the first English colony to be established. They had gone to the Americas with high hopes of finding riches such as gold and silver. Due to the fact the ground was marshy and the water was impure 80% of the settlers died during the first winter.
  • Louis XIV becomes King of France

    Louis XIV becomes King of France
    Louis XIV took the thrown a year after his father's death. Also, at the age of 18 when Cardinal Mazarin died, Louis decided he would run the government. He had been raised to rule.
  • Qing Dynasty in China Begins

    Qing Dynasty in China Begins
    The Qing Dynasty ruledd until 1911. They did many things for China. China became signifigantly larger and more propserous under their rule.
  • Oliver Cromwell Rules England

    Oliver Cromwell Rules England
    Not only was he ruler, Oliver was known as "Lord Protecter of England, Scotland and Ireland", He was not a very popular leader due to the fact he passed a law that butchered Dutch trade, Although he was offered the crown by parliament in 1657 which he declined
  • Peter I (The Great) becomes Czar

    Peter I (The Great) becomes Czar
    When he was crowned Czar, Peter was still a child so his sister demanded she ruled. When he turned 17 he removed his sister and stepped in to rule himself. It is believed that he was a very strong and powerful man.
  • Catherine the Great rules Russia

    Catherine the Great rules Russia
    1762-1796
    Catherine was a German princess who married Peter the Great's grandson. Like many other nobles Catherine soon became upset and the way her husband was ruling. With help she managed to over throw (kill) the Czar. She worked on expanding westernization.
  • US Constitutio Ratified

    US Constitutio Ratified
    The Constitution was mostly the work of James Madison. IT broke the government into the three branches; Legislative, Excecutive and Judicial. In 1791 they added the Bill of Rights
  • French Revolution Begins

    French Revolution Begins
    The French Revolution last until 1799. The anger against the government helped inspire the French Revolution. People didn't ike how France had a caste system,. They thought it was unfair.
  • Reign of Terror

    Reign of Terror
    This was a period of time where an outbreak of violence broke out after the onset of the French Revolution. People thought to be "enemies of the revolution" were locked up and were forced to endure harsh punishments. It ended July 27th 1794.
  • Napolean Becomes Emperor

    Napolean Becomes Emperor
    Napolean was a very successful conquerer. He was the first Frenchman to hold the title of Emperor in over a thousand years. Napolean was later exiled to Saint Helena and then died in may of 1821 of what was probably stomach cancer
  • Napoleon Defeated at Waterloo

    Napoleon Defeated at Waterloo
    The battle of Waterloo was Napolean's last battle ever fought. He was exiled to Saint Helena and later died 6 years later. His death led the French to believe that the English had murdered him.
  • Tokugawa Shogunate Ends

    Tokugawa Shogunate Ends
    The Tokugawa controlled the daiymo. Their stable rule brought prosperity to Japan. Agricultural production, population and cities grew/