B8 World History 1096-1867

  • Period: Jan 1, 1096 to Jan 1, 1291

    Crusades are fought

    The beginning of the Crusades were fought over where Jesus may have lived and ministered. They took over most of the Mediterranean coast.
  • Jan 1, 1300

    Renaissance begins

    Renaissance begins
    The Renaissance was a period when people focused on older culture. Art, music and lifestyle were all affected during this time.
  • Jan 1, 1337

    100 Years War begins

    100 Years War begins
    The war started when King Phillip VI of France tries to conquer English territories in Southwest France. It is the longest military conflict in history.
  • Jan 1, 1347

    Black Death begins in Europe

    Black Death begins in Europe
    The Black Death was a plague that spread throughout Europe, originating in the Gobi Desert. It killed off 30-60% of Europe's population.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1368 to

    Ming Dynasty in China

    It was the ruling dynasty of China for 276 years. They mainly focused on punishment and prevention.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1405 to Jan 1, 1433

    Voyages of Zheng He

    Zheng He was a Chinese explorer during the Ming Dynasty. He died during or shortly after his seventh voyage.
  • Jan 1, 1431

    Joan of Arc burned at stake

    Joan of Arc burned at stake
    Joan of Arc was burned at the stake at only ninteen years of age in 1431. The charges against her were dismissed 25 years later and she was declared innocent.
  • Jan 1, 1453

    Ottomans conquer Constantinople

    Ottomans conquer Constantinople
    The Ottomans were a group from the Turkish Empire. The battle lasted seven weeks.
  • Jan 1, 1455

    Johannes Gutenberg - printing press

    Johannes Gutenberg - printing press
    Johannes Gutenberg was a printer and publisher who introduced the printing press to Europe. His invention played a key role in the movement of the Renaissance.
  • Jan 1, 1492

    1st Voyage of Columbus

    1st Voyage of Columbus
    Christopher Columbus was an Italian explorer. Even though his first voyage was a failure, it is very significant to us today.
  • Jan 1, 1492

    Jews, gypsies and moors expelled from Spain

    Jews, gypsies and moors expelled from Spain
    When the king and queen issued the edict, about 200,000 jews were expelled from Spain. Thousands of people died while trying to leave.
  • Jan 1, 1498

    Da Gama lands in India

    Da Gama lands in India
    Vasco da Gama left Portugal in 1497 and reached India in 1498. The Muslims did not like him and he had to fight to leave India.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1500 to

    Slave trade across Atlantic

    Most of the slaves traded across the Atlantic were from Africa. The Portugese were the first to engage in the slave trade.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1501 to

    Safavid Empire

    The Safavid Empire was the most significant Empire of Persia. They controlled most of Iran and its surrounding countries.
  • Jan 1, 1502

    Naming of the "new World"

    Naming of the "new World"
    The New World is the name given to the Western hemisphere. It includes The Americas and Oceania. It was given the name "New World" in 1502.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1503 to Jan 1, 1506

    Da Vinci paints the "Mona Lisa"

    The painting is thought to be a portrait of Lisa Gheradini. It has been on public display at The Louvre museum since 1797.
  • Jan 1, 1508

    Michaelangelo begins painting Sistene Chapel

    Michaelangelo begins painting Sistene Chapel
    Michaelangelo began painting the Sistene Chapel in 1508 and finished in 1512. His amazing paintings have brought people to the chapel.
  • Jan 1, 1517

    Martin Luther posts 95 Theses

    Martin Luther posts 95 Theses
    The 95 Theses consisted of practices regarding baptism in the Catholic and Angelican church. It also speaks about indulgences and penance for sin.
  • Jan 1, 1519

    Magellan starts his "around the world" trip

    Magellan starts his "around the world" trip
    Ferdinand de Magellan finished his trip around 1522. It is said that he died during or shortly after his voyage.
  • Jan 1, 1526

    Mughal Empire begins

    Mughal Empire begins
    The Mughal Empire ruled over 1,235,527 miles of Northern India. It began when the emperor Babur won the Battle of Panipat.
  • Jan 1, 1534

    Henry VIII founds Angelican Church

    Henry VIII founds Angelican Church
    Martin Luther's 95 Theses were nailed to the door of the church in Wittenburg in 1517. Henry VIII dissolved the monasteries and abbeys in 1536.
  • Jan 1, 1537

    Pizarro invades the Inca Empire

    Pizarro invades the Inca Empire
    Francisco Pizarro was born the son of a Spanish man and became a soldier in 1502. He eventually led an attack on the Inca Empire. He killed over 1,000 people.
  • Jan 1, 1543

    Copernicus publishes heliocentric theory

    Copernicus publishes heliocentric theory
    Nicolaus Copernicus was a Renaissance mathematician and astronomer. His theory stated that the Sun was at the center of the universe and all other planets spun around it.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1545 to Jan 1, 1563

    Council of Trent

    The Counci of Trent was one of the Roman Church's most important counsels. It made many changes that helped with the counter-reformation.
  • Jan 1, 1558

    Elizabeth I becomes Queen of England

    Elizabeth I becomes Queen of England
    She was the fifth and last monarch of the Tudor dynasty. There have only been two Elizabeth queens in England.
  • Philip II rules Spain

    Philip II rules Spain
    He was the King of the Spainiards and the King of the Portuguese. He failed to stop the revolt of the Netherlands in 1566.
  • Period: to

    Oliver Cromwell rules England

    Oliver Cromwell was an English miltitary and political leader. He has been a discussion of investigation and debate.
  • Period: to

    Age of Enlightenment

    The Age of Enlightenment was a cultural movement that emphasized individualism. It questioned traditional customs and beliefs.
  • Jamestown, colony in Virginia, founded

    Jamestown, colony in Virginia, founded
    It was the first permanent English settlement in the Americas. It was swampy and marshy when it was first found.
  • Louis XIV becomes King of France

    Louis XIV becomes King of France
    He is the longest ruling of any monarch in European history. He was succeeded by his five-year-old great grandson Louis XV.
  • Qing Dynasty in China begins

    Qing Dynasty in China begins
    The Qing Dynasty was the last imperial dynasty of China. It is also the longest lasting dynasty in China, ending in 1912.
  • Thomas Hobbes writes Leviathan

    Thomas Hobbes writes Leviathan
    Leviathan was a book written about society and legitimate goverment. He writes of the common wealth of succession, religion and taxation.
  • Peter I (the Great) becomes Czar

    Peter I (the Great) becomes Czar
    Peter the Great was the ruler of the Russian Empire. He was deemed as the most powerful and most successful ruler of the Russian Empire because of the expansions he made.
  • Period: to

    Catherine the Great rules Russia

    She was claimed as a great ruler because she made Russia grow larger and stronger. It also helped them become recognized as one of the great powers of Europe.
  • French Revolution begins

    French Revolution begins
    Over 17,000 people were executed during the Reign of Terror in France. France's population dropped around this time.
  • U.S. Constitution is ratified

    U.S. Constitution is ratified
    New Hampshire was the last state to ratify the Constitution. The U.S. Constitution is the oldest written constitution that is still used in the world.
  • Reign of Terror begins

    Reign of Terror begins
    The Reign of Terror was a time of violence after the French revolution. There were multiple people executed for being an "enemy of the revolution".
  • Napoleon becomes Emperor

    Napoleon becomes Emperor
    Napoleon was the previous conqueror of Europe. He most likely died of a stomach flu in 1821 at 52 years of age.
  • Napoleon defeated at Waterloo

    Napoleon defeated at Waterloo
    Napoleon's defeat at Waterloo marked the end of his reign as French Emperor. He was exiled Saint Helena where he died from stomach cancer.
  • Tokugawa Shogunate ends

    Tokugawa Shogunate ends
    It was the last feudal Japanese military government. Each member was part of the Tokugawa clan.