B6 World History 1096 - 1867 By fowlenat Period: Jan 1, 1096 to Jan 1, 1291 Crusades are fought 1.Holy wars fought between Christians and Muslims 2.Fought in the Middle east in area which is present day Israel Jan 1, 1300 Renaissance begins 1.Renaissance translates to "rebirth" 2.Rediscovery of knowledge lost during the fall of the Roman Empire. Jan 1, 1337 100 Years War Begins War between the English and the French over land dispute. 2.Famous for long range tactics used by the English with Long bows. Jan 1, 1347 Black Death begins in Europe 1.Killed 1/3 of Europes population. 2.Began in Monglia and was spread by rats 3.Early on in their conquest Mongolians used bodies of infected dead as biological warfare agents. Period: Jan 1, 1368 to Jan 1, 1644 Ming Dynasty in China 1.The dynasty’s founder grew up in poverty. 2. The Great Wall of China took on its familiar look during the Ming Dynasty. Period: Jan 1, 1405 to Jan 1, 1433 Voyages of Zheng He 1.Comanded expeditions from 1405 to 1433. 2.Was a eunuch Jan 1, 1431 Joan of Arc burned at stake 1.Claimed to be led by "visions from god". 2.Was burned at the stake for witchcraft without mercy from her counrtymen. Jan 1, 1453 Ottomans conquer Constantinople 1.Constantinople was the Capital of the Holy Roman Empire. 2.The Ottmans then had control of a valuble trade route. Jan 1, 1455 Johannes Gutenburg - printing press Item printed was the Bible Allowed for easier access to books and helped spread knowledge. Jan 1, 1492 1st Voyage of Columbus 1.Took 3 ships the Nina, the Pinta, and the Santa Maria. 2. Was thought to have landed in India. Jan 1, 1492 Jews, Gypsies & Moors expelled from spain Forced Jews to try to find homes in the Palestine. Temporarly boosted Spainish economy. Jan 1, 1498 Da Gama lands in India Attemped to find a sea route for trade with India 2.Brutally clashed with muslim trders on his secon voyage and was victorious Period: Jan 1, 1500 to Jan 1, 1800 Slave trade across the Atlantic 1) 10% of slaves transported died during the voyage. 2) Brazil recived the largest number of slaves by a signifigant margin. Period: Jan 1, 1501 to Jan 1, 1722 Safavid Empire 1.Empire that is often considered the beginning of modern Persian history. 2. Safavid king perfered themselves sons of the propfet Muhammad. Period: Jan 1, 1503 to Jan 1, 1507 Da Vinci Paints the "Mona Lisa" Took four years Reknown for the subject of an everyday woman. Jan 1, 1508 Michelangelo begins painting the Sistine Chapel He despised painting, and felt this was punishment. Worked on frescos on the ceiling and had to deal with constant dripping. Jan 1, 1517 Martin Luther posts 95 Theses 1.Posts them in acedemic Latin to be read by Church officals 2.Questions the Church and starts a movment known as the reformation. Jan 1, 1519 Magellen starts his "around the world" trip 1.Dies in a battle with natives in the Phillipines 2.Crew continues on and circumnavigates of world Jan 1, 1526 Munghal Empire begins Bulit the Taj Mahal Grew faily large in what is today India. Jan 1, 1534 Henry VII founds Anglican Church Created the church for the sole purpose of divocing his first wife. Based it roughly on the beliefs of the Roman Catholic church. Jan 1, 1537 Pizzarro invades the Inca Empire Used examples left to him by Hernan Cortez Contry was already crippled by disease and war before he discovered it. Jan 1, 1543 Copernicus publishes heliocentric theory His theroies were shunned by others. Eventually considered to be an idiot by colleges. Period: Jan 1, 1545 to Jan 1, 1563 Council of Trent 1.Took steps to prevent Protestant Reformation. 2. Established Colleges to re-establish pillars of catholosim. Period: Jan 1, 1556 to Jan 1, 1598 Philip II rules Spain Empire experience 5 seperate bankruptcies during his rule. Attampted a naval attack on protestant England. Period: Jan 1, 1600 to Jan 1, 1792 Age of Enlightenment Spread of Cultral wealth and knowledge westward. Tied together with the Scientific revolution and early establishments of romanisisms. Jan 1, 1607 Jamestown, colony in Virginia, founded Jan 1, 1643 Louis XIV becomes King of France His reign of 72 years and 110 days is the longest of any monarch of a major country in European history. Was succeded by his grandson Louis XV Jan 1, 1644 Qing Dynasty in China begins Ruled from 1644 to 1912 2.The last emperor abdicated on February 12, 1912. Jan 1, 1644 Elizabeth I becomes Queen of England Third in line for the Throne behind her half-brother and half-sister. Known also as the "Virgin Queen". Jan 1, 1651 Thomas Hobbes writes Leviathan A book that states that only an undividing government can protect its citizens from the "state of nature" Presents various elements of human nature to the reader. Jan 1, 1653 Oliver Cromwell rules England Ruled the Common wealth of England After his death from natural causes in 1658 he was buried after the Royalists returned to power they had his corpse dug up, hung in chains, and beheaded. Jan 1, 1682 Peter I (the Great) becomes Czar Expanded the Tzardom in an Empire and increased its size. Attempted to modernize Russia culturely during the Age of Enlightenment. Period: Jan 1, 1762 to Jan 1, 1796 Catherine the Great rules Russia Is the longest ruling female in Russian history. Was a major part of the modernisation of Russia Jan 1, 1789 U.S. Constitution is ratified First Ten amendments are refered to as the Bill of Rights Seperated Government into 3 diffrent branches. Jan 1, 1789 French Revolution begins Marked the decline of powerful monarchies and churches and the rise of democracy and nationalism. Began with the execution ofKing Louis XVI on 21 January 1793. Jan 1, 1793 Reign of Terror begins Period that coined the guillotine (called the "National Razor") After King Louis Was executed many were left to fend for themselves. Jan 1, 1804 Napoleon becomes Emperor Born in Corsica Emperor of the French from 1804 to 1814 and in 1815 Jan 1, 1815 Napoleon defeated at Waterloo Napoleon moved against the concentrated Prussian army first on 16 June. Three armies were involved: Napoleon's Armée du Nord; a army under Wellington; Prussian army under Blücher. Jan 1, 1867 Tokugawa Shgunate ends Last feudal Japanese military government which existed between 1603 and 1868. The Tokugawa shogunate brought Japan the longest period of peace in its history, lasting over 200 years.