B8 World History 1096-1867 By mizakmea Period: Jan 1, 1096 to Jan 1, 1291 Crusades are Fought The first crusade was to capture Jerusalem. New ideas and products were created from the crusades. Jan 1, 1300 Renaissance Begins It was a the new era of art and literature.People wanted to show they were wealthy and what they had. Jan 1, 1337 100 Year War Begins The war was between the French and the English. The war went back and forth but France won in the end. Jan 1, 1347 Black Death Begins in Europe The black death was carried by fleas on rats. It killed over 25 million people. Period: Jan 1, 1368 to Jan 1, 1644 Ming Dynasty in China Ming Taizu was the founder of the Ming Dynasty. In 1368, he said that he was the emperor of Yingtian. Period: Jan 1, 1405 to Jan 1, 1433 Voyages of Zheng He The voyage was known to have the largest wooden ships. There were smaller cargo ships along side of the big ships with thousands of men. Jan 1, 1431 Joan of Arc Burned at the stake She lead a french army and succeeded. She was burned at the stake for witchcraft and heresy when she was 19 years old. Jan 1, 1453 Ottomans conquer Constaniople They conquered the capital of the eastern Roman Empire. The army was under the command of Ottoman Sultan Mehmed II. Jan 1, 1455 Johannes Gutenberg-Printing Press The King James Bible was the first document to be printed on the press. It was 1,282 pages long. Jan 1, 1492 Jews, Gypsies & Moors expelled from Spain They were outcasted and expelled from Spain. They had to convert to Catholicism if they stayed in Spain. Jan 1, 1492 1st Voyage of Columbus He convinced the king and queen to fund his trip. He was trying to find a quicker way to get to Japan but landed in San Salvador. Jan 1, 1499 Da Gama lands in India Da Gama sailed from Portugal to get to India. He got the India and became the first European emperor to reach India. Period: Jan 1, 1500 to Jan 1, 1800 Slave Trade Across the Atlantic People in the “New World” wanted slaves to work on their plantations. The slavery had been happening for many years before and was nothing new to Africa. Period: Jan 1, 1501 to Jan 1, 1722 Safavid Empire The empire was all of India and parts of Turkey and Georgia. The empire was a Theocracy, the religion was Shi’a Islam. Jan 1, 1502 Naming of the "New World" The “New World” is the Western Hemisphere. It was named America after Amerigo Vespucci, an Italian explorer. Period: Jan 1, 1503 to Jan 1, 1506 Da Vinci Paints the "Mona Lisa" He was a Fresco painter and painted great things such as “The Last Supper” and “The Mona Lisa”. He was an amazing painter, writer, sculptor and inventor. Jan 1, 1508 Michelangelo begins painting the Sistine Chapel Michelangelo was born in Caprese in 1475. At the age of 13 he transitioned from painting to sculpture. Jan 1, 1517 Martin Luther posts 95 Theses He nailed it to the church doors but didn't want the community to ever read it. He wanted the church to know how he felt about it. Jan 1, 1519 Magellan starts his "around the world" trip He was trying to find a western sea route to the Spice Islands. He was the first explorer to cross the Pacific. Jan 1, 1526 Mughal Empire begins The Mughal Empire was a monarchy. Babur founded the empire. Jan 1, 1534 Henry VIII founds Anglican Church Henry married Catherine and believed that she could not have a son. He wanted to get the marriage annulled but since the pope wouldn't agree he created his own ne church that would allow it. Jan 1, 1537 Pizarro invades the Inca Empire Francisco Pizarro was a French explorer. He had a small army and was able to capture the Incan Empire. Jan 1, 1543 Copernicus publishes Heliocentric Theory He was a mathematician, physicist, and astronomer. The Heliocentric theory is how the planets are in the universe. Period: Jan 1, 1545 to Jan 1, 1563 Council of Trent Convened by Pope Paul III. The council stopped the selling of indulgences and trained their priests. Period: Jan 1, 1556 to Jan 1, 1598 Philip II rules Spain He was King of Spain, Portugal, Naples, Sicily. In his life he was Prince, Duke and a King. Jan 1, 1558 Elizabeth I becomes Queen of England The was the last monarch of the Tudor Dynasty. She reigned for 45 years. Period: Jan 1, 1600 to Jan 1, 1792 Age of Enlightenment Also called the “Age of Reason”. Era of Philosophy, intellectual and cultural life. Jan 1, 1607 Jamestown, colony in Virginia, founded First English settlement in America. Jamestown was the capital of Virginia until 1699. Jan 1, 1643 Louis XIV becomes King of France Known as Louis the Great or Sun King. He built Versailles and said that he was able to control the sun in his courtyard. Jan 1, 1644 Qing Dynasty in China begins It was the final imperial dynasty of China. The Qing dynasty took over the Ming Dynasty. Jan 1, 1651 Thomas Hobbes writes Leviathan He was an english political philosopher. He was also a scholar of Greek history and literature. Period: Jan 1, 1653 to Jan 1, 1658 Oliver Cromwell rules England Was an English military political leader. He commanded two army’s that went to Scotland and Ireland. Jan 1, 1682 Peter I (the great) becomes Czar His names was Pyotr Alexeyevich. He ruled the Tsardom of Russia and the Russian Emperor. Period: Jan 1, 1762 to Jan 1, 1792 Catherine the Great rules Russia Her name was Yekaterina Alexeevna. She was the longest ruling female of Russia. Jan 1, 1789 U.S. Constitution is ratified The constitution was shown to the Congress. They needed nine states to ratify the Constitution. Jan 1, 1789 French Revolution begins Their revolution allowed them to redesign the country. They now have Bastille day to celebrate the end of the revolution. Jan 1, 1793 Reign of Terror begins The Reign of Terror claimed up to 40,000 lives. The Guillotine was invented during the reign. Jan 1, 1804 Napoleon becomes Emperor His claim to fame was during the French Revolution. He fought many wars in France and in the surrounding countries of Europe. Jan 1, 1815 Napoleon defeated at Waterloo The defeat of the battle ended his reign of emperor. The war war between France and England. Jan 1, 1867 Tokugawa Shogunate ends It was the last military government of Japan. It was Japans largest ruling era.