Battle between the Christians and Muslims for the Holy Land. They were military campaings sanctioned by the Roman Catholic church. Ended with the fall of the last Christian stronghold
Aug 27, 1300
Europe's period of artistic and intellectual achievement. Began in Florence Italy. Was a cultural movement that spanned the period of 14th and 17th centuries.
Sep 11, 1337
100 Years War Begins
Wasnt just one war, there was many. The wars were between France and England. Fighting before the war, and after the war. Mainly fought in France. Many stopping peroids.
Aug 25, 1347
Black Death begins in Europe
Killed one third of Europe's Population. People didnt know what caused it. Carried by Mice
Sep 5, 1368
Ming Dynasty in China
It is importnant because with the dynasty, it made China ripe for rebellion, and rise of a new dynasty
Ended in 1644
Oct 17, 1405
Voyages of Zheng He
Started in 1405 nd ended in 1433. Had 317 ships. Looking for spices to trade. Known as China's great armada.
Sep 11, 1431
Joan of Arc burned at the stake
Rally call for the French, Age of 13 had these visions of the war outcome. Eventually at age 19, she was burned at the stake
Oct 17, 1453
Ottomans conquer Constantinople
Marked the end of the Roman Empire. Roman Empire lasted for 1,500 years. Ottomans were commanded by a 21 year old boy named Mehmad II
Sep 25, 1455
Johanes Gutenburg - printing press
Made reading alot easier, and you could make more than 1 copy, His first publish with the printing press was the bible.
Sep 29, 1492
1st voyage of Columbus
Columbus departed Spain in 1492. He quickly made port in Canary Islands. He was in command of 3 ships, the Nina, the Pinta and the Santa Maria
Oct 17, 1492
Jews, gypsies and moors expelled from Spain
Lack of interest in historians. Made there own empire. There empire called Angelo Americans.
Sep 9, 1497
Da Gama lands in India
With De Gama landed there, The Portugese were able to establish more trade routes and eventually become one of the richest and most powerful nations.
Sep 29, 1500
Copernicus publishes heliocentric theory
Copernicus recongized that the geocentric theory did not explain the movements of the sun and moom and planets. The idea that the earth orbits the sun was not completely new. But Copernicus developed a detailed explanation about how everything rotates.
Oct 1, 1500
Slave trade across Atlantic
Planters used indentured servants - people worked for a set period of time. In exhange for passage to the Americas from Europe. As a result million of Africans were forcibly taken to the Americas before the slave trade ended in the 1800's
Sep 23, 1501
The conflict related to Islams split into the rival Sunni and Shia sects
Oct 7, 1502
Naming of the new world
The new world is another name for the Western Hemisphere. America was named after a man named Amerigo Vespucci. Founded by Christpher Columbus in 1505
Sep 3, 1506
Da Vinci paints the "Mona Lisa"
It is important because it tries to capture the complexity of the human spirit with its mysterious smile.
Aug 29, 1508
Michelangelo begins painting Sistine Chapel
It shows personal characteerizations of Biblical figures. Took 4 years.
Oct 9, 1509
Henry VIII founds Angelican Church
Remained a believer in Catholic Church. 2nd monarch of the Tudor Dynasty. Own establishment at church of England.
Sep 19, 1517
Martin Luther posts 95 theses
Martin Luther removes himself from the church to basically show the people that they're are better things
Sep 25, 1519
Magellan starts his trip "around the world"
First person to circumnavigate the world, he sailed from the Atlantic Ocean all the way to the Pacific Ocean
Oct 17, 1526
Mughai Empire begins
"Invaders from Afghanistan. Was a muslim empire that over ran the Iran states. Never got as far as India
Sep 15, 1537
Pizarro invades the Inca Empire
After they invaded the Inca Empire, they destroyed the Inca army then they eventually took it over
Oct 9, 1545
Council of Trent
Has been described as the counter reformation. Prompted by the Protestand Reformation. Took place in Northern Italy.
Sep 17, 1556
Phillip II rules Spain
Wanted to spread the Roman Catholic faith and conquer England. Went from 1556 to 1598. Born in 1527
Oct 13, 1558
Elizabeth 1 beomes Queen of England
She was th elong ruling Queen of England, Governed stability for 44 years. Her era is known as the "Elizabeth Era"
Age of Enlightment
Wanted to focus more on indivicual stuff rather than tradition. Spread across Europe into the United States. Ended in 18th century. Lasted 192 years. 1600-1792
Jamestown, colony in Virginia founded
Where people went before Plymoth. Lasted 13 years. The government, customs, languages are all part of the United States heritage today.
Peter 1 (the great) becomes Czar
Expanded the tsardom into a huge empire that became a major European war. Very interested in shipbuiding. Enjoyed Maritime power
Louis XIV becomes King of France
He revoked thr Edict of Nanes. Known for aggressive foregin policy. Led a monarch during French's classical age.
Qing Dynasty begins in China
China again grew prosperous and expanded to its largest size in history.
Oliver Cromwell rules England
Happened 5 years, in 1653-1658. Believed everyone should live there lives according to what was written in the bible. Cromwell believed everyone in England should follow his example.
Thomas Hobbes write "Leviathan
Established social contract theory. Best known as political philosophy. Co founder of political science
Catherine the Great rules Russia
Wanted to expand Russian territory and make Russia more European
U.S. Constitution is ratified
Recongizes that government exists to serve the people
French Revolution begins
Without the French Revolution, us people would not have our rights.
Reign of terror begins
Louis XIV dies. The constituion is established. Lasts more than 10 months.
Napoleon becomes Emperor
Napoleon promised stability, also pledged to uphold some key revolutionary reforms. The people would willingly give up some freedoms if Napoleon could bring peace, prosperity, and glory to france
Napolean defeated at Waterloo
final defeat for the French military leader and emperor. Conquered much of Europe in the early 19th century. 25,000 men were killed
Tokugawa Shogunate ends
Head of the govenment were shoguns. Called the "tokugawa" period. Also called the Edo period