World History Block 2

  • Aug 25, 1096

    Crusades are fought/ first crusade

    Crusades are fought/ first crusade
    A war between cristians and muslims over holy land, It lasted until 1291. Increased the European kings power. This is not the only crusade. 1096-1291
  • Aug 29, 1300

    Renaissance begins

    Renaissance begins
    Renaissance had a rebirth in creativity. People started to see the worth in human accomplishment. It helped people create self identiy and not just do what the church told them to.
  • Aug 29, 1337

    100 years war begins

    100 years war begins
    War between the French and English. Fought about land. Joan of Arc is in this time period. Not actually 100 years.
  • Aug 25, 1347

    Black Death begins in Europe

    Black Death begins in Europe
    Wiped out a third of Europe. Carried on fleas on rats. Changed the economy of Europe. It made the poor earn more money changing the social classes.
  • Sep 17, 1368

    Ming Dynasty in China

    Ming Dynasty in China
    Ming Dynasty lasted nearly 300 years. It increased stability, agriculture and trade. Stable and plentaful food led to populatiion growth. 1368-1644
  • Sep 29, 1405

    Voyages of Zheng He

    Voyages of Zheng He
    Led seven voyages around the Indian ocean. He presented gifts from China.Voyages demonstrated Ming China's growing sea power. 1405-1433
  • Aug 27, 1431

    Joan of Arc burned at stake

    Joan of Arc burned at stake
    Burned at the stake for heiressy. Said she seen messages from god. She became a saint in 1920.
  • Oct 1, 1453

    Ottomans conquer Constantinople

    Ottomans conquer Constantinople
    Constantinople controlled a major trade route between Asia and Europe. A major land and sea assault against Constantinople. Constantinople then became Istanbul.
  • Sep 5, 1455

    Johannes Gutenberg- printing press

    Johannes Gutenberg- printing press
    Johannes Gutenberg makes a printing press that allowed you to print several copies. The first book published was "The Bible". This allowed more people to be literate.
  • Sep 11, 1492

    1st Voyage of Columbus

    1st Voyage of Columbus
    Columbus set out with a crew of men to voyage to asia. They finally hit land which is now known as San Salvador. This was important because he had discovered a new contitent.
  • Sep 15, 1498

    Da Gama lands in India

    Da Gama lands in India
    There return caused great excitment among the Portuguese. The trip to more than ten months. This caused the Portuguese to send another expidition to India
  • Sep 19, 1500

    Slave trade across Atlantic

    Slave trade across Atlantic
    The Atlantic slave trade continued for about 400 years. An estimated 15 to 20 million Africans were shipped to America against their will. 1500-1800
  • Oct 9, 1501

    Safavid Empire

    Safavid Empire
    Came into conflict with the Ottomans and other muslims.The safavids were Shia: most ther Muslims were Sunnis. Helped establish it as a major Muslim civilization. 1501-1722
  • Sep 11, 1502

    Naming of the "new world"

    Naming of the "new world"
    Named after Amerigo. Colombus was forgotten until recently.
  • Sep 5, 1503

    Da Vinci paints the "Mona Lisa"

    Da Vinci paints the "Mona Lisa"
    Da Vinci was not only a highly talented painter but also a mathematician, enginer, inventer, etc... He had some 20,000 notes about inventions way beyond his time. "Mona Lisa" tries to capture the complexity of humans. 1503-1506
  • Aug 29, 1508

    Michelangelo begins painting Sistine Chapel

    Michelangelo begins painting Sistine Chapel
    The paintings show scenes from the Old Testement. It has biblical characters. Many historians consider it revolutionary to art.
  • Sep 3, 1517

    Martin Luther posts 95 Theses

    Martin Luther posts 95 Theses
    Luther hung his theses on the church door which served much like a bulletin board. In it he stated that selling indulges was sinful. This caused many people to want to reform.
  • Sep 11, 1519

    Magellan starts his "around the world" trip

    Magellan starts his "around the world" trip
    Magellan had five ships and about 250 men. By the time they had made it all the way around there were only 18 men left, and Magellan had been killed. The survivors were the first people to sail around the world.
  • Oct 13, 1526

    Mughal Empire begins

    Mughal Empire begins
    First Muslim empire and one of the great civilizations of history. Known for its weatlth and power. Abolished taxes put on non-muslims.
  • Sep 25, 1527

    Philip II rules spain

    Philip II rules spain
    Spain reached peak of its grandeur. There was a steady stream of gold and silver. Spains power grew a large amount
  • Sep 15, 1532

    Pizarro invades the Inca Empire

    Pizarro invades the Inca Empire
    The Inca Empire was already weakened by small pox and civil war. Pizarro demanded that they except christianity and hand over the Empire. They destroy the Inca.
  • Sep 23, 1534

    Henry VIII founds Anglican Church

    Henry VIII founds Anglican Church
    Created it so he could divorce his first wife. Henry had Parliament pass laws ending the pope's power. Made king head of the church in England.
  • Sep 9, 1543

    Copernicus publishes heliocentric theory

    Copernicus publishes heliocentric theory
    Earth orbits the sun. Copernicus died before his work was published. Other scientists expand on his theories.
  • Oct 9, 1545

    Council of Trent

    Council of Trent
    Examined the criticisms made by Protestents. Rejected self-discipline and individual faith. Catholics everywhere felt renewed energy and confidence.
  • Sep 25, 1558

    Elizabeth I becomes Queen of England

    Elizabeth I becomes Queen of England
    One of her first acts split England once again from Rome. She was a protestant. She prosecuted anyone who worshiped as catholic.
  • Age of Enlightenment

    Age of Enlightenment
    Scientific revolution convinced many European thinkers about the power of reason. Time of optimism and possibility. Inspired educated people throughout Europe and beyond.
  • Jamestown, colony in Virginia, founded

    Jamestown, colony in Virginia, founded
    Settlers hoped to find gold and silver. They found marshy ground and impure water. 80% died during first winter.
  • Louis XIV becomes King of France

    Louis XIV becomes King of France
    Led France during a time of great power and prosperity. Supremely confident in his ability to rule. He began a tradition of absolute monarchy.
  • Qing Dynasty in China begins

    Qing Dynasty in China begins
    China expanded to the largest size in history. Reduced taxes for peasents and expanded into parts of central asia. China was the most advanced civilazation during this period
  • Thomas Hobbes writes Leviathan

    Thomas Hobbes writes Leviathan
    Hobbes wrote about humans being naturally selfish and fearful. Argued that people needed an all powerful monarch to tell them how to live. His views sparked many controversy.
  • Oliver Cromwell rules England

    Oliver Cromwell rules England
    Fighting broke out in Ireland and Scotland. Cromwells foreign exploits made him very unpopular in the other countries. House of Commons abolished.
  • Peter I (the Great) becomes Czar

    Peter I (the Great) becomes Czar
    He made many reforms, and began to promote military officers on merit. He defeated the Taters. Peter had many members tortured.
  • Catherine the Great rules Russia

    Catherine the Great rules Russia
    She was influenced by major European thinkers of the time who believed that a strong wise ruler could improve life for their subjects.Reformed Russia's legal and education system. She completely reorganized local governments.
  • U.S. constitution is ratified

    U.S. constitution is ratified
    Attempting to resolve issues like the payment of debts from the Revolutionary War and other domestic issues. Many unions did not like the ideas. In the end all unions adopted it.
  • French Revolution begins

    French Revolution begins
    Long-standing resentments against the French monarchy fueled anger in France. Caused by the unequal structure of the French government and society.Enlightment ideas also wer inspired by the revolution.
  • Reign of Terror Begins

    Reign of Terror Begins
    Focused on addressing economic and political threats within France.The committee targeted even those who shared many views but were perceived as just slightly too radical or conservative.
  • Napoleon becomes Emperor

    Napoleon becomes Emperor
    Strengthened the power of France's central government. Many reforms of the French society, Helped fuel the spread of nationalism.
  • Napoleon defeated @ Waterloo

    Napoleon defeated @ Waterloo
    Napoleon troop's battled against British troops. Both sides suffered huge losses but ultimatily it was a crushing defeat for Napoleon. The war ended the Napoleonic Wars.
  • Tokugawa Shogunate ends

    Tokugawa Shogunate ends
    Established a strong central government. Period of relative unity,peace, and stability in Japan. Women's status gradually declined.
  • Jews, gypsies & moors expelled from Spain

    Jews, gypsies & moors expelled from Spain