Mr. Foster World History block 1

  • Oct 8, 1096

    Crusades

    Crusades
    1096-1291 Christian knights waged a religious war against the muslims in jerusalem in an attempt to reclaim the holy land. The first of the Crusades began, when armies of Christians from Western Europe responded to Pope Urban II’s plea to go to war against Muslim forces in the Holy Land.
  • Jan 1, 1300

    Renaissance

    Renaissance
    The renaissance began in Italy. It was mainly a discovery of the individual and the rediscovery of classical art and literature. Also it recognized humanism of the individual.
  • Sep 25, 1337

    100 Years War

    100 Years War
    The hundred years war was a series of wars between England and France. These wars were fought for control over France. The hundred years war also led to the decline of feudalism.
  • Jan 1, 1347

    Black Death

    Black Death
    A plague that which begun in Asia, spread to different ports via trading ships. Rats on the ship carried this disease.The plague was spread to people by bites from fleas on rats.
  • Oct 8, 1368

    Ming Dynasty in China

    Ming Dynasty in China
    1368-1466 The early Ming dynasty was a period of cultural restoration and expansion. The rebuild of the original Chinese ruling house led to the force of court-dictated styles in the arts. It lasted over 270 years.
  • Oct 7, 1405

    Voyages of Zheng He

    Voyages of Zheng He
    1405-1433 Zheng He made 7 voyages with over 1000 soldiers and crew to India and Africa. He was known as the great explorer. Their voyages were hidden from history and the records burned.
  • Sep 11, 1431

    Joan of Ark

    Joan of Ark
    She was 13 burned at State. People believed she had a vision. She was a symbol for France.
  • Oct 8, 1453

    Ottomans Conquer Constantinople

    Ottomans Conquer Constantinople
    Constantinople was conquered by the Ottoman Army, under the command Ottoman Sultan Mehmed II. Conquest Ottomans became an Empire and one of the most powerful empires, The Eastern Roman Empire fell and lasted.
  • Oct 17, 1455

    Johannes Gutenburg

    Johannes Gutenburg
    Gutenberg took some existing technologies and some of his own inventions to come up with the printing press in the year 1450. One key idea he came up with was moveable type. Rather than use wooden blocks to press ink onto paper, Gutenberg used moveable metal pieces to quickly create pages.
  • Oct 17, 1492

    Jews, gypsies & moors expelled from spain

    Jews, gypsies & moors expelled from spain
    the terms of the treaty to the morrs jews and gypsies where broken after seven years. The terms meant they were allowed to keep there traditions just not use their language
  • Oct 8, 1498

    Da Gama lands in India

    Da Gama lands in India
    Vasco da Gama carried out 2 expeditions between 1497 and 1502. It was during this expedition that Vasco da Gama's crew landed in South Africa.The land was already occupied and was being used by the inhabitants.
  • Oct 7, 1500

    Atlantic Slave Trade

    Atlantic Slave Trade
    1500-1800 The enslavement and trasportation of African people to the New World that occured in and around the Atlantic Ocean. The majority of kidnapped Africans weren't already slaves in Africa. They were free people who were kidnapped to provide labour.
  • Oct 8, 1501

    Safavid Empire

    Safavid Empire
    1501-1722 Ismail called himself shah or king, of the new Persian state. Ismail was a Shiite Muslim. The official religion of the Safavids.
  • Oct 8, 1502

    Naming of the new world

    Naming of the new world
    Italian explorer Christopher Columbus discovered the new world of the Americas on an expedition supported by King Ferdinand of Spain. His first voyage into the Atlantic Ocean nearly cost him his life. Americas to European colonization.
  • Sep 29, 1503

    Da Vinci paints the "Mona Lisa"

    Da Vinci paints the "Mona Lisa"
    1503-1506 Mona Lisa was Da Vinci's favorite painting. He worked on it for four years. He also kept it to himself for a couple years.
  • Oct 17, 1508

    Michelangelo begins paintiing the Sistine Chapel

    Michelangelo begins paintiing the Sistine Chapel
    For almost 4 years the ceiling was his canvas. Across it he painted vivid scenes of events and people from the bible. The detailed figures were monumental so they could be seen from far below.
  • Oct 8, 1517

    The 95 thesis

    The 95 thesis
    Martin Luther approaches the door of the Castle Church in Wittenberg, Germany and nails a piece of paper to it containing the 95 opinions that would begin the Protestant Reformation. In his theses, Luther condemned the excesses and corruption of the Roman Catholic Church for forgiveness of sins.
  • Oct 7, 1526

    Mughal Empire begins

    Mughal Empire begins
    The Mughal Empire began at the height of their power in the late 7Th and early 18th centuries, they controlled most of the Indian Subcontinent extending from Bengal in the east to Balochistan in the west, Kashmir in the north to the Kaveri basin in the south.
  • Oct 7, 1545

    Elizabeth becomes Queen of England

    Elizabeth becomes Queen of England
    1545-1563 The daughter of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn. Through her Religious Settlement of 1559 she enforced the Protestant religion by law. She had Mary Queen of Scots executed in 1587. Her conflict with Roman Catholic Spain led to the defeat of the Spanish Armada.
  • Oct 8, 1545

    Coucnil of Trent

    Coucnil of Trent
    1545-1563 Council of Trent was the definitive determination of the doctrines of the Church in answer to the heresies of the Protestants a further object was the execution of a thorough reform of the inner life of the Church by removing the numerous abuses that had developed in it.
  • Oct 8, 1547

    Copernicus publishes heliocentric

    Copernicus publishes heliocentric
    Copernicus discovers that earth is just another planet and the Moon is in orbit around the Earth, but not the Sun. The Earth rotates once every 24 hours, that causes the stars to show that they revolve around the Earth in the opposite direction.
  • Oct 17, 1556

    Philip II rules Spain

    Philip II rules Spain
    1556-1598 He was a devout Catholic. It led him to make several decisions that hurt his country. His use of the brutal Inquisition divided many people in the Netherlands
  • Jamestown, colony in virginia, founded

    Jamestown, colony in virginia, founded
    English men and boys arrived in North America to start a settlement. On May 13 they picked Jamestown, Virginia for their settlement, which was named after their King, James I. The settlement became the first permanent English settlement in North America.
  • Louis XIV becomes king of France

    Louis XIV becomes king of France
    Louis XIV is remembered as the greatest King of France. He is known for aggressive foreign policys. He became so powerful that everybody had to submit to his authority.
  • Qing Dynasty in china begins

    Qing Dynasty in china begins
    During the Qing Dynasty, China was ruled by the Manchus that was a tribe of foreigners from northeastern China. The reigns of the first three emperors, which lasted for 133 years, were a time of peace and prosperity for China.
  • Thomas Hobbes writes Leviathan

    Thomas Hobbes writes Leviathan
    At the time he was living in Paris which he chose voluntarily in order to avoid persecution. He feared that the forces of the Parliament could put him on trial because of his royalist convictions. In addition he undertook writing Leviathan to defend the monarchist idea.
  • Oliver Cromwell rules England

    Oliver Cromwell rules England
    1653-1658 He was the man who really pushed for the execution of Charles as he believed that Charles would never change his ways and that he would continue to be a source of trouble until he died.
  • Peter (the great) becomes Czar

    Peter (the great) becomes Czar
    After Ivan’s death seven years later, Peter ascended to the throne. Peter launched a series of reforms that affected, in the course of 25 years, every area of his nation’s life administration, industry, commerce, technology and culture.
  • Age of Enlightment

    Age of Enlightment
    The Age of Enlightenment was a cultural movement of intellectuals beginning in late 17th-century Western Europe emphasizing reason and individualism rather than tradition. It spread across Europe and to the United States, continuing to the end of the 18th century.
  • Catherine the Great rules Russia

    Catherine the Great rules Russia
    1762-1796 Known for her intelligence and ambitions to rule the Russian Empire. Catherine not only challenged the social norms of the time but also set the pattern for women in powerful positions. Education and law codes also developed under her reign.
  • French Revolution begins

    French Revolution begins
    French Revolution began with the meeting of the States General in May. Revolutionary government declared war on Britain. A war for world dominion which had been carried on with short intermissions.
  • U.S Constution is ratified

    U.S Constution is ratified
    When a bill of rights was proposed in Congress in 1789, North Carolina ratified the Constitution. Rhode rejected the Constitution in March 1788 by popular referendum, called a ratifying convention in 1790 as specified by the Constitutional Convention.
  • Reign of Terror

    Reign of Terror
    The terror was designed to fight the enemies of the revolution to prevent counter-revolution from gaining ground.The Revolutionary Tribunal ordered the execution of 2,400 people in Paris by July 1794. Across France 30,000 people lost their lives
  • Napoleon becomes emperor

    Napoleon becomes emperor
    In 1804 he made himself emperor of the French people. He fought a series of wars, that involved complex coalitions for and against him. The wars were called the the Napoleonic Wars.
  • Napoleon defeated @ Waterloo

    Napoleon defeated @ Waterloo
    Across Europe Napoleon's enemies gathered their troops for another showdown with him. Napoleon's troop were going against British troops led by Duke of Wellington. Napoleon's army was no match for the two combined strength of two army's.
  • Tokugawa Shogunate ends

    Tokugawa Shogunate ends
    Beginning in 1568 Japan's "Three Reunifiers" worked to bring the warring daimyo back under central control. Tokugawa Ieyasu completed this task and established the Tokugawa Shogunate, which would rule in the emperor's name until 1868.
  • 1st voyage of columbus

    1st voyage of columbus
    Columbus set sail from Spain to find an all-water route to Asia.Columbus brought back small amounts of gold as well as native birds and plants to show the richness of the continent he believed to be India.
  • Magellan starts his around the world trip

    Magellan starts his around the world trip
    Came from a noble family. He named the pacific ocean mar pacificon. Magellan set sail from Spain in an effort to find a western sea route to the rich Spice Islands of Indonesia