Prince Henry started a school of navigation. The school accepted people of the sea from a sailor to map-makers.
Period: Mar 4, 1394 to
Age of Exploration
Chapters 19 & 20
Jul 17, 1402
Yonglo becomes Ming Emperor
After Hongwu died there was a power struggle and his son Yonglo emerged as the next emperor. Yonglo launched the first seven voyages of exploration. They were all led by a Chinese Muslim adrimal named Zheng He.
Jul 11, 1405
Zheng He captains his first voyage
Zheng He led a total of seven voyages. He traveled over 100,000 miles in his voyages.
Feb 14, 1408
Donatello creates his David statue
It was the first significant free-standing nude bronze scuplture. Nothing quite it has ever been built since.
Period: Feb 14, 1408 to
Renaissance and Reformation
May 29, 1453
Fall of Constantinople to the Turks
The Turks were commanded by 21-year-old Sultan Mehmed II. The fall of Constantinople marked the end of the Roman Empire.
Oct 19, 1453
The Hundred Years' War Ends
It was fought between England and France. The England kings owed homage to the French kings so when Edward II of England didn't pay homage the French tried taking his land and the war started.
Apr 2, 1455
Johan Gutenburg invents the Printing Press
The invention of the printing press made bookmaking faster and books cheaper. The cheaper books allowed poorer people to buy books and increased the literacy rate.
Feb 14, 1488
Bartolomeu Dias reaches Cape of Good Hope
He sailed close to Africa coast line. One night they were hit by a storm and the next day they realized they were on the other side of Africa.
Nov 25, 1491
Ferdinand & Isabella end war with Muslims
They met and signed the Treaty of Granada. The treaty said they would treat the Muslims fair.
Oct 12, 1492
Christopher Columbus spots land in North America
Columbus set out to find an all-water route to Asia by going west. When he spotted land he thought he had reached Asia, but had only made it to the Americas.
Jun 7, 1494
Spain & Portugal agree to Treaty of Tordesillas
The treaty set up a Line of Demarcation. All the land to the west of the line was Spain's and all the land to the east of the line belonged to Portugal.
May 31, 1498
Vasco da Gama lands in India
This was significant because it was the first all water route to Asia from Europe. This allowed the Portuguese to become a major trading power in Europe.
Jun 10, 1500
Amerigo Vespucci charts New World coast
Vespucci was the first person to realize that Columbus landed in a new world instead of in Asia. The Americas were named after Vespucci
Jul 4, 1503
Leonardo DaVinci starts the Mona Lisa
Leonardo constantly was editing the Mona Lisa. The only reason it is looks like it does now is because Da Vinci passed away before he could truly finish it.
Jan 1, 1508
Michelangelo paints the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel
Michelangelo began to paint the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel. He painted the ceiling while laying on his back.
Dec 25, 1510
Rapheal paints School of Athens
Rapheal started this painting in 1509 and finished it in 1510. Raphael painted himself into the painting along with many other very important figures.
Apr 1, 1513
Machiavelli writes The Prince
The book wasn't printed until five years after Machiavelli died. It is claimed to be one of the first works of philosophy.
Oct 31, 1517
Martin Luther posts his 95 Thesis
He posted a paper of 95 things he thought was wrong with the Catholic Church. This event started the Reformation.
Feb 22, 1519
Hernando Cortez lands on Mexican coast
Hernando and his men were looking for gold. Hernando was a law school dropout.
Apr 2, 1522
First slave revolts in Hispaniola
2o slaves revolted in Hispaniola. It was the first slave revolt.
Nov 16, 1532
Francisco Pizarro meets Atahualpa
The Spanish were out numbered by thousands to the Inca. Atahualpa told his men not to bring their weapons the day they were attacked.
Jan 1, 1533
Ivan the Terrible Assumes the Throne of Russia
Ivan's father died when he was 3, so he was crowned king of Russia at age 3. At age 17 he gave himself the title of "Czar."
Period: Jan 1, 1533 to
Age of Absolute Monarchs
May 17, 1536
Anne Boleyn is executed
Anne gave birth to Elizabeth and had 3 miscarriages before Henry had her executed. Anne was beheaded.
Oct 12, 1537
Edward VI is born
Edward took the throne at age 9. He died at the age of 15.
Jun 18, 1539
Ignatius of Loyola founds the Jesuit order
Ignatius was a spanish knight. He emerged as a religious leader during the Counter-Reformation.
Aug 25, 1541
Jacques Cartier claims land in Canada
He sailed down the St. Lawrence River and claimed land. He claimed what is now Quebec.
Jul 19, 1553
Mary I becones Queen
Mary changed England from Anglican back to Catholic. She executed many non-Chatholics.
Nov 17, 1558
Elizabeth I becomes Queen
Changed England from Catholic back to Anglican. She told people that she would marry them if they did something for her and once they did that something for her she didn't marry them.
Nov 19, 1581
Ivan the Terrible Kills his Son
He killed his only son and his only heir. He was paranoid and thought it was someone who was going to try and kill him.
Battle of the English Channel
This battle knocked Spain down from power. It also opened the door for other European countries.
English East India Company is founded
The Enlish fought the Dutch for control over Asia and lost. The English East India Company focused on setting up outposts in India.
Dutch East India Company is founded
At the time the English and Dutch together broke Portugal's control of Asia. Eventually the Dutch and Englich fought for control and they both ended up setting up a trade company.
Galileo publishes his many findings in "Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems.
This important because he was the first person to to publish a book that said that the Earth circles around the Sun. The church made him take back what he published even though it was correct.
Henry Hudson is last seen
He was last seen in James Bay which is on the southern end of the Hudson Bay. He, his son, and some crew members were set adrift in a small boat by his crew.
William Shakespeare dies
He died on his 52nd birthday. It is unkown what illness he died of.
Thirty Years' War Begins
It involved most of the European countries and was fought in Central Europe. It was mainly a religious war between Protestants an Catholics.
Cardinal Richelieu is appointed minister by Louis XIII
Cardinal Richelieu took 2 steps to increase the power of the Bourbon monarchy. He moved against the Huguenots and he weakened the nobles' power.
Rene Descartes lays out his scientific method in "Discourse on Method"
This was important because we use the scientific method everyday. The scientific method consists of seven steps.
English Civil War begins
During the Civil War the people who supported KIng Charles were called Cavaliers. After the war was over King Charles was tried and executed.
Louis XIV Begins his Reign of France
Louis was known for being arrogant and liked to show off his wealth. His reign lasted 72 years.
Oliver Cromwell and Puritans Execute the English King.
After the English Civil War, Oliver Cromwell and the Puritans overthrew the King of England, King Charles. King Charles was the first king ever to be tried and executed.
Thomas Hobbes outlines the social contract in Leviathan
This was important because it was the first social contract ever laid out. He thought that lives in a state of nature were "solitary, poor, nasty, brutish and short."
Louis XIV Begins Building the Palace at Versailles
It took 40 years for the palace to be built. Louis ordered all nobles to come and stay with him at Versailles.
New Netherlands becomes New York
The New Netherlands was given up when the Prince of York showed up with his fleet of ships. It was given up without a shot being fired.
La Salle claims Mississippi River for Spain
He set up a wooden cross that had the coat of arms of his king on it. The set the cross up where the Mississippi River met the Gulf of Mexico.
Isaac Newton published his laws of gravity in "Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy"
This is important because it gave us an understanding on why we always come back to the ground. It also gave us an understanding on why things always roll down hill.
William of Orange Becomes King and Signs the Bill of Rights
William was the prince of the Netherlands, when he was invited by 7 members of Parliament to overthrow King James. When William got to London with his army James fled, and Parliament asked William to sign the Bill of Rights.
John Locke justifies rebellion in Two Treaties on Government
John Locke is important because he said government is to protect the rights of the people. he said if the government doesn't do that, the people have the right to rebel or change the government.
Peter the Great embarks on his "Grand Embassy"
Peter was 24 when he became the sole ruler of Russia. He embarked on this journey to help him reform Russia.
War of the Spanish Succession begins
It was fought mainly in Europe. The war lasted over a decade.
Peter the Great Orders St. Petersburg to be Built
It was his dream to build a city like St. Petersburg. The cost to build St. Petersburg was unmeasureable.
Gabriel Fahrenheit makes the first mercury-in-glass thermometer
This is important today because us americans use the fahrenheit scale to tell temperature. This scale says that water freezes at 32 degrees fahrenheit and boils at 212 degrees fahrenheit.
Maria Theresa Inherits the Throne of Austria
She was the only female ruler of the Hapsburg Dominions. Her reign lasted 40 years.
Frederick the Great begins his reign in Prussia
Frederick the Great is important because he granted religious freedom and improved the education in Prussia. Frederick also is important because he didn't get rid of serfdom because he needed the support from the nobles.
Denis Diderot publishes the first volumes of his Encyclopedia
This is important because we still use the Encyclopedia today and it is a great source to find information. He collected his information from collaberating with other scientists.
Seven Years' War begins
It started in the Americas in 1754. It didn't start in Europe until 1756.
Mary Wollstonecraft is born
This is important because Mary fought for equal rights between men and women. She wrote the VIndication of The Rights of Woman explaining these views.
Seven Years' War ends
The Seven Years' War was fought around the world. Around 900,000 to 1,400,000 people died.
Catherine the Great puts down the serf Rebellion
Catherine the Great was important because she overthrew her husband to become queen of Russia. She also put down the serf rebellion and when she did she gave even more power to the nobles.
Boston Tea Party
This was important because itt was a major event in the american rebellion. Colonists went aboard docked ships and threw crates of tea into the harbor.
Joseph Priestley separates oxygen from the Air
This is important because oxygen is the element we need to survive. It also shown a light on why we can live on Earth.
Declaration of Independence is signed
This is important because it marked the begining of the country called the United States of America. It also put an end to the American Revolution.
Delegates at the Constitutional Convention sign the Constitution
This is important because it laid down the guidelines of the American government. It was written by Thomas Jefferson.
Mozart first performs Don Giovanni
This is important because Mozart was one of the first classical music riders. It is also important because Mozart went on to create many more great pieces of work that are still performed today.