Unit 3A World History Timeline - Matthew Helbig

  • 570

    Birth of the Prophet Muhammad

    The prophet Muhammad was viewed as the last prophet sent by god to mankind, and he subsequently brought with him the Islamic religion in his wake. With this new religion, he brought great change to the Arabic world.
  • Period: 570 to Jan 1, 1400

    Spread of Islam to the Ancient World (Exact dates are not 100% accurate, as much is debatable in days and months)

    The coming to of the Islamic religion had an incredible impact on the world around it, influencing many other cultures for centuries to come. Through Islam's influence, many culture became drastically altered, usually being improved upon itself, although some cultures assimilated Islamic principles and subjugated them into their own culture, remaining very similar to their original ways.
  • Apr 22, 610

    First Revelation of the Prophet Muhammad

    Located in the cave of Hira, it is said that Muhammad had his first revelation at the age of 40, where it is said the angel Gabriel appeared to him. Through this, Gabriel revealed a verse of the Qur'an, greatly changing Muhammad's religious views, to which he subsequently began spreading his newfound knowledge while learning more verses of the Qur'an
  • Jul 27, 613

    Muhammad Begins to Preach his New Faith

    During this time, after learning much of the Qur'an from the angel Gabriel, Muhammad begins to preach his new religion of Islam, making his own corrections as he saw fit to the Qur'an. In the beginning, his preachings could only gether a small, cultic following, leaving the Arabian world virtually unaltered at the time of his first preachings.
  • Sep 18, 628

    A Treaty with the Quraysh is Signed

    By signing the treaty with the Quraysh, Muhammad brought peace between him, his followers, and the Umayyad nobles, as well as allowing his followers safe passage to visit the shrine of Ka'ba at Mecca. This resulted in a continuation of the Hajj, a pilgrimage made to Mecca to worship Allah at the Ka'ba, something all of Muhammad's followers needed to accomplish in their lifetime.
  • Nov 19, 632

    Death of the Prophet Muhammad

    Muhammad's death in 632 C.E. brought with it much calamity to the religion of Islam. Much of the beliefs to the religion remained the same, although a line of succession was never established, causing the would-be religious leaders to fight amongst eachother for dominance, changing the heiarchy of the religion.
  • Feb 5, 670

    Islam Begins its Spread to Africa

    Between the mid to late 7th century, followers of Muhammad began to spread Islam throughout Africa. From this, Islam began to spread its roots across north Africa, causing a sudden change in the culture of Africa for centuries to come.
  • Mar 8, 1000

    Major Advancements are Made in Science

    Around the 10th century, many Muslim accomplishments were made in varies sciences, ranging from correcting geometric and algebraic theories to great advances in the use of basic concepts to trigonometry: the sine, cosine, and tangent. They were also able to classify all material substances as animal, vegetable, and mineral, all showing a great change the Muslim faith brought to the many fields of science.
  • May 13, 1010

    The Shah-Nama is written by Firdawsi

    Written by the poet Firdawsi, the epic Shah-Nama was regarded as one of the most important works of its time. This cultural significance it holds happens from it changing much of the time's writing, as the epic was so drastic to anything ever made in the Muslim faith.
  • Feb 15, 1231

    A Mosque is Erected in Mogadishu, Somalia

    During the 13th century, Islamic influence expanded greatly across the Swahili Coast, including the beginning of construction on a mosque in Mogadishu. This became an important change to the Islamic faith in that it showed just how extensive the religion had become, changing the world's views towards it.
  • Oct 27, 1324

    Pilgrimmage of Mansa Musa to Mecca

    The pilgrimmage of Mansa Musa brought much change to the African nation, as it showed he was following the Islamic faith. Because of this, he caused a great change for Muslims at the time, as Mansa Musa was a powerful emperor, and with his conversion to Islam he brought his subjects over as well.