The Fall of Western Roman EmpireThe fall of Western Roman Empire was the process of decline in the Western Roman in which the Empire failed to enforce its rule, and its vast territory was divided into several successor polities.
Charlemagne, the Emperor of RomansCharlemagne was a medieval emperor who ruled much of Western Europe from 768 to 814. After Carloman’s death in 771, Charlemagne became the sole ruler of the Franconians. Once in power, Charlemagne sought to unite all the Germanic peoples into one kingdom, and convert his subjects to Christianity. Soon after becoming king, he conquered the Lombards (in present-day northern Italy), the Avars (in modern-day Austria and Hungary) and Bavaria.
The First Crusade is decreedThe First Crusade (1096–1099) was the first of a number of crusades that attempted to recapture the Holy Land, called for by Pope Urban II at the Council of Clermont in 1095. Urban called for a military expedition to aid the Byzantine Empire.
Magna Carta is signedThe Magna Carta was a document signed by King John after negotiations with his barons and their French and Scots allies at Runnymede, Surrey, England in 1215. There they sealed the Great Charter, called in Latin Magna Carta.
The Great FamineThe Great Famine was caused by a failure of the potato crop, which many people relied on for most of their nutrition. A disease called late blight destroyed the leaves and edible roots of the potato plants in successive years from 1845 to 1849.
The Black DeathThe Black Death, also known as the Pestilence, the Great Plague or the Plague, or less commonly the Black Plague, was one of the most devastating pandemics in human history, resulting in the deaths of an estimated 75 to 200 million people in Eurasia, peaking in Europe from 1347 to 1351.
The Great SchismThe schism did not occur just because of religious differences. Political and social influences also had an effect. One of the big causes was the breakup of the Roman Empire. The Roman Empire had become so large that it was difficult to govern it as a whole.