The Bastard of Istanbul

  • 100

    23,000 BC

    the oldest found evidence of habitation is a cave found at karain, Anatolia in fact it was still in lived in untill a few thousand years ago which makes it one of the longest lived in areas on the planet
  • 100

    7,500 BC

    the earlist known human coumity at Çatal Höyük which is southwest of Konya
  • 100

    547 BC Cyrus of Persia

    Cyrus of Persia invades and conquers most of Antolia (Turkey)
  • 100

    Alexander the Great 334 BC

    Alexander the Great Marches through Anatolia on his way to India
  • 100

    Celts 279 BC

    the Celts invade and establish the kingdom Galatia near Ankara (The Capital)
  • 100

    250 BC

    the Kingdom of Pergamum rises as an Anatolian power.
  • 100

    Asia Minor 129 BC

    Anatolia becomes the Roman Province of Asia, with its capital at Ephesus.
  • 100

    1250BC Trojan War

    the famous Trojan War is fought between Troy and Greece for control trade through the Dardanelles strait
  • Period: 100 to


  • Period: 100 to 150

    Old Bronze Age 2,600-1,900

    the Proto-Hittie Empire thrives in Central Anatlia and the Southeast
  • Period: 147 to 157

    St Paul

    St. Paul traveled to the Jewish and Christian communities in Anatolia
  • 330


    Emperor Constantine the Great dedicates Constantinople as the 'New Rome,' which becomes the empire's center of government.
  • Period: 527 to 565

    Reign of Justinian

    Reign of Justinian, greatest Byzantine emperor, builder of Hagia Sophia, largest and most splendid church in the world.
  • Period: 570 to Oct 15, 622

    Birth of Muhammed

    Revelation of the Kur'an. Muhammed's 'flight' from Mecca to Medina
  • Period: Oct 17, 1000 to Oct 17, 1200

    Crusader armies

    Crusader armies cross Anatolia through the lands of the Seljuk Sultan of Rum, with frequent battles.
  • Period: Oct 16, 1037 to Oct 16, 1109

    Turkish Empire

    Turkish Empire of the Great Seljuks in Iran.
  • Oct 18, 1288

    Foundation of the Ottoman

    Foundation of the Ottoman state by a warrier chieftain named Osman
  • Oct 19, 1453

    Conquest of Constantinople

    Conquest of Constantinople by Sultan Mehmet II 'the Conqueror'.
  • Period: Oct 20, 1520 to Oct 20, 1566

    Reign of Sultan Süleyman the Magnificent

    Reign of Sultan Süleyman the Magnificent, the great age of the Ottoman Empire.
  • Treaty of Karlowitz

    Treaty of Karlowitz, the first time in over 400 years that the Ottomans were decisively defeated and forced to sign a peace treaty as the clear losers. The mighty empire was clearly in decline.
  • Period: to

    Reign of Sultan Abdülhamid II

    Reign of Sultan Abdülhamid II, a ruthless despot who was the last of the powerful sultans.
  • Period: to

    The Ottoman Empire enters World War I

    The Ottoman Empire enters World War I in alliance with Germany. Australian, British, French and New Zealand troops invade Gallipoli which is successfully defended by Ottoman forces led by Mustafa Kemal. Eventual defeat of the Ottomans, loss of most of the empire's territory, and occupation of parts of Anatolia by victorious foreign troops.
  • Period: to

    the Armenian Genocide

    the Armenian Genocide took place. By the end almost all the Armenian population of Anatolian, Turkey had been killed
  • Period: to


    Mustafa Kemal (Atatürk) organizes remaining Ottoman military units into an army of resistance, and establishes a government of resistance at Ankara.
  • Greece invades Anatolia

    Encouraged by Great Britain, Greece invades Anatolia through Izmir and presses eastward, threatening the fledgling government in Ankara.
  • Proclamation of the Turkish Republic

    Defeat and explusion of the invading armies. Abolishment of the last vestiges of the Ottoman Empire and Proclamation of the Turkish Republic by Mustafa Kemal (Atatürk), its founder and first president. Most ethnic Greeks in Turkey, and ethnic Turks in Greece, migrate to the opposite country.
  • Period: to

    Atatürk's reforms

    equal rights for women, secular government, prohibition of the fez and the veil, substitution of the Latin alphabet for the Arabic, Turkification of city names, everyone adopts a surname, etc.
  • Death of Atatürk

    Death of Atatürk, continuation of one-party rule.
  • Period: to

    Turkey neutrality

    Turkey maintains a precarious neutrality during World War II.
  • Period: to

    Institution of multi-party democracy.

    Institution of multi-party democracy.
  • Turkey joins Nato.

    Turkey abandons Ataturk's neutralist policy and joins Nato.
  • Army coup

    Army coup against ruling Democratic Party
  • New constitution

    New constitution establishes two-chamber parliament.
  • European Economic Community

    Association agreement signed with European Economic Community
  • Turkish troops invade northern Cyprus.

    Turkish troops invade northern Cyprus.
  • Turkey recognises "Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus."

    Kurdistan Workers' Party launches separatist guerrilla war in southeast.