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Turkey

By AMAS
  • Period: to

    Turkish War of Independance

    Fought by Turkish activists against the allies because they split up the country.
  • Treaty of Lausanne signed

    Treaty of Lausanne signed
    This drew the current boundaries of Turkey.
  • Turkey declares war on Germany and Japan

    Turkey declares war on Germany and Japan
    They took no active part in the war.
  • Period: to

    Korean War Involvement

    Turkey Participated with UN forces in the Korean War.
  • Turkey becomes a full member of NATO

    Turkey becomes a full member of NATO
    Turkey joined NATO because they wanted close bilateral relations with the US throughout the Cold War. They have been involved in the following ways:
    Signitory: Balkan Entente (1953)
    Joined: Baghdad Pact (1955: later CENTO)
    Organization for European Economic Cooperation (OEEC)
    Council of Europe
    Associate member of the Europen Common Market
  • Turkey invades Cypress

    Turkey invades Cypress
    Turkey ivades Cypress by sea and air following the failure of diplomatic efforts to resolve conflicts between Turkish and Greek Cypriots. Cease fire on Aug 16.
  • Period: to

    Turkey-Kurdistan Workers' Party Conflict

    Armed conflict between Turkey and Kurdish insurgent groups who want to seperate from Turkey and make their own country of Kurdistan.
  • Turkey establishes a military government

    Turkey establishes a military government
    This stops the slide towards anarchy and improved the economy.
  • New constitution approved

    New constitution approved
    Approved by 91.5% of voters.
  • Parliment passed a new law effecting the military

    Parliment passed a new law effecting the military
    The law reduced the military's role in political life and offered partial amnesty to PKK (the Kurdistan Workers Party) members.
  • Turkish-U.S. relations severely strained

    Turkish-U.S. relations severely strained
    Turkey's parliment narrowly failed to pass a resolution permitting the US to use Turkish bases as launching pad for the pending war against Iraq. 90% of Turks were against the war, but US promised economic aid.
  • Terrorist attacks rock Istanbul

    Terrorist attacks rock Istanbul
    Nov 17: Truck bombs exploded near 2 synagogues.
    Nov 22: Bombs target the British Consulate and a British Bank
  • First Kurdish language program broadcast

    First Kurdish language program broadcast
    Government also released Kurdish activists from prison and abolished death penalty in all but exceptional cases.
  • US House Foreign Relations Committee calls Turkish killings genocide

    US House Foreign Relations Committee calls Turkish killings genocide
    The killings of 1.5 million Armenians durring WWI was called genocide by a resolution of the US House Foreign Relations Committee. As a result the Turks recalled their foreign ambassador to the US and threatened to withdraw support of the War in Iraq.
  • PKK members escalate their attacks into turkey

    PKK members escalate their attacks into turkey
    In responce Turkey's parliment voted to deploy troops into Northern Iraq.
  • Turkish fighter jets bomb Iraq

    Turkish fighter jets bomb Iraq
    With the help of US military they bombed areas in Northern Iraq targeting the PKK.
  • Turkish troops resume attacks on Iraq

    Turkish troops resume attacks on Iraq
    They killed as many as 160 PKK fighters who claimed to have killed as many troops.
  • Ban on wearing headscarves lifted

    Ban on wearing headscarves lifted
    Parliment passed a measure that would lift the ban on women wearing headscarves in universities.
  • Armenia-Turkey establish diplomatic relations

    Armenia-Turkey establish diplomatic relations
    They also reopen the border.
  • Turkey makes uranium deal with Iran

    Turkey makes uranium deal with Iran
    While the Security Council was negotiating sanctions against Iran, Iran made a deal with Turkey to give 2,640 pounds of enriched uranium to Turkey in exchange for 20% enriched uranium. The country was criticized for interfering with sanctions and trying to increase its presence on the world stage.
  • 9 Turkish activists are killed

    9 Turkish activists are killed
    When a Turkish humanitarian organization sent aid ships to Gaza, Israeli commandos boarded the ships. This was because Israel and Egypt had imposed a blockade on Gaza. In the fight that insued when the ship was borded 9 Turks were killed.
  • Vote on referendum passes

    Vote on referendum passes
    Parliment is given increased oversight of the judiciary and the military. The military's power was diminished and citizens recieved greater democratic freedoms.