Ottoman Empire 1910-1914

  • Ciragan Palace Burns

    Ciragan Palace Burns
    New Ottoman Parliament building, Ciragan Palace, burns down. (Shaw, 287).
  • Opposition Parties

    • People’s Party is formed out of the CUP
    • Ottoman Committee of Alliance also forms- Liberal Moderate forms
    (Shaw, 283).
  • Kosovo Revolt

    revolt in Kosovo against Ottoman government (Hamilton and Herwig, 338).
  • Yemen Rebellion

    rebellion in Yemen against Ottoman government (Hamilton and Herwig, 339).
  • Albanian Revolt

    Sultan Mehmet V visited Kosova to calm the situation in Albania (Shaw, 288)
  • Turkish Homeland Society

    Turkish Society becomes Turkish Homeland Society, a movement of Turkish nationalism under Yusuf Akcura and Ahmet Agaoglu (Shaw, 289).
  • Ibrahim Pasha resigns

    Grand Vizier Ibrahim Pasha resigns due to failure of relations with Italy (Shaw, 290).
  • Turko-Italian War

    Italy declares war on the Ottoman Empire (Shaw, 290).
  • Italy in Tripoli

    Tripoli under Italian naval blockade (Shaw, 290).
  • CUP coalligns with opposition groups

    CUP becomes coalition government with members from opposition groups with Sait Pasha as Grand Vizier (Shaw, 290).
  • Italy bombards Tripoli

    Italy bombards Tripoli
    Italy bombards Tripoli (Shaw, 290).
  • Italy annexes Tripoli and Bengazi

    Italy annexes Tripoli and Bengazi, but Ottoman guerilla forces remain on the interiors (Shaw, 290).
  • Mehmed V dissolves Parliament

    Mehmed V dissolves Parliament
    Sultan Mehmed V dissolves Parliament in order to avoid investigation by the Liberal Union Party into whether the government was capable of defending Tripoli (Shaw, 291).
  • Grand Vizier Sait Pasha resigns.

    Sait Pasha resigns as Grand Vizier following threats from the Group of Liberating Officers, who were trying to eliminate the CUP (Shaw, 291).
  • Mehmed V dissolves Parliament

    Sultan Mehmed V dissolves Parliament, call for new elections in effort to restrict the CUP (Shaw, 292).
  • Albanian revolt ends

    Ottomans compromise with Albanians; revolt ends (Shaw, 293).
  • Balkan War begins

    Balkan war started by the Kingdom of Montenegro (Hamilton and Herwig, 340).
  • Turko-Italian compromises

    Agreement made at Ouchy, near Lausanne, that Ottoman Empire would leave Tripoli and Cyrenaica and Italians would leave Dodecanese. Italians never leave. (Shaw 293)
  • Albanian Declaration of Independence

    Albanian Declaration of Independence declared by a National Assembly of Muslims and Christians led by Ismail Kemal Vlora (Shaw, 297).
  • Raid of Sublime Porte

    CUP organizes “Raid of Sublime Porte” led by Enver Bey. Minister of war, General Huseyin Nazim Pasha shot in grand vizier's office by accident (Hamilton and Herwig, 340) and Mahmut Sevket Pasha becomes Grand Vizier (Shaw, 295).
  • Kamil Pasha arrested

    Kamil Pasha arrested on his return to Istanbul for offering government information to British (Shaw, 296).
  • Treaty of London

    Treaty of London signed to end First Balkan War. Ottoman boundary is at the Midye-Enez line. (Shaw, 296).
  • CUP dictatorship begins

    Mehmet Sait Pasha Grand Vizier, four CUP committee members become cabinet members, & CUP dictatorship begins (Shaw, 296).
  • Mahmut Sevket Pasha assassinated

    Mahmut Sevket Pasha assassinated (Fieldhouse, 17).
  • Enver Bey Minister of War

    Enver Bey Minister of War
    Enver Bey joins the cabinet as Minister of War (Hamilton and Herwig, 341).
  • Enver Bey talks to Germans

    Enver Pasha reaches out to German ambassador, Hans Baron von Wangenheim, for support (Hamilton and Herwig, 345).
  • Ottoman alliance proposal submitted

    Ottoman alliance proposal submitted to German government same day that Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia (Hamilton and Herwig, 345).
  • Wangenheim signs alliance treaty

    alliance treaty between Germany and Ottoman Empire signed by Wangenheim and Prince Said Halim (Hamilton and Herwig, 346).
  • Ottoman mobilization

    Ottoman Empire declares mobilization and neutrality simultaneously (Hamilton and Herwig, 346).
  • Churchill claims Ottoman ships

    Churchill claims Ottoman ships
    Winston Churchill announces British will use England-built ships that belong to the Ottoman Empire (Shaw, 311).
  • Enver Pasha lies to Russia

    Enver Pasha assures Russian military in Istanbul that the mobilization is not aimed against Russia (Hamilton and Herwig, 346).
  • Enver allows Germans into neutral waters

    Enver arranges for German ships to pass through “neutral” Ottoman waters (Shaw, 311). Prince Said Halim and the cabinet object this decision to Wangenheim (Hamilton and Herwig, 349).
  • Capitulations abolished

    Ottoman Empire abolishes capitulations for all foreign powers (Hamilton and Herwig, 350).
  • Cemal authorizes attack on Russian ships

    Cemal authorizes Admiral Souchon to attack Russian ships in the Black Sea (Hamilton and Herwig, 350-351).
  • Ottomans recieve gold from Germany

    Ottoman Empire receives 2 billion kurus of gold from Germany to declare war. (authorized by Enver only) (Shaw, 312).
  • Souchon destroys Russian ships

    Souchon destroys Russian ships
    Admiral Souchon bombards the Russian coast and destroys Russia's ships. (Shaw, 312).
  • Russia declares war on Ottomans

    Russia declares war on Ottoman Empire (Hamilton and Herwig, 354).
  • France and Britain declare war on Ottomans

    France and Britain declare war on Ottoman Empire (Shaw, 312).
  • Mehmed V declares war on Russia

    Sultan Mehmed V declares war on Russia in return and uses claimed role as caliph to ask all Muslims to join in Holy War against the Entente (Shaw, 312).
  • Britain declares Egypt independent from Ottomans

    Britain declares independence and protection of Egypt (Shaw, 312).