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Spread of Islam in West Africa Timeline

  • Period: Jan 1, 600 to Jan 1, 1450

    Spread of Islam in West Africa

  • Jan 1, 610

    Muhammad becomes the prophet of Allah

    Muhammad prayed on Mount Hira and was greeted by the arch angel Gabriel who the told him he would became the prophet of Allah/God.
  • Jan 1, 615

    Muslims migrate to Abyssinia

    Muslims migrate to Abyssinia
    Muslims migrate to Abyssinia to escape persecution from the Makkans. The king Negus welcomed them and converted to Islam shortly after.
  • Jan 1, 632

    The division between Sunni and Shi'ite's

    Immediately after the death of Muhammad the division between Sunni and Shi'ite's occured.
  • Period: Jan 1, 634 to Jan 1, 750

    Islamic Expansions, 12 - 132 AH

    The Islamic expansion period. The expansion included Egypt, NW Africa, Persia, Iraq, Spain, Jerusalem, and etc.
  • Period: Jan 1, 830 to Jan 1, 1235

    Ghana Empire

  • Jan 1, 850

    Ghana becomes a rich empire, 235 AH

    The Ghana Empire became wealthy due to their controll over trade routes.
  • Jan 1, 850

    Dya’ogo dynasty accepts Islam, 235 AH

    As early as 850 C.E, the Dya'ogo dynasty were the first negro people to accept Islam.
  • Jan 1, 900

    Arab Merchants move to Ghana, 286 AH

    As Arabs gained more influence in Ghana, they began to teach the local people about Islam. Many merchants, officials, and goverment converted to Islam.
  • Jan 1, 1000

    The City of Timbuktu emerges , 390 AH

    The City of Timbuktu emerges , 390 AH
    Traders brought along Islamic teachings, thus they taught West African tribes one language, and how to read and write.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1215 to Jan 1, 1450

    Mali Empire

    Included most of western Africa. These lands include the present-day countries of Gambia, Guinea, Mali, Senegal, and parts of Burkina Faso, Maureitania, and Niger. • After the death of Mansa Musa the kingdom collapsed due to weak leaders and internal conflicts.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1230 to Jan 1, 1255

    Sundiata 627 - 652 AH

    Sundiata was the founder of the Mali Empire. He was a syncretic muslim and was despised by scholars.
  • Jan 1, 1235

    Ghana Empire Collapses, 632 AH

    Ghana empire fell due to invading forces and internal disputes.
  • Jan 1, 1307

    Mansa Musa became King of Mali

    Mansa Musa was a devout Muslim. Therefore he ruled under Islamic views and through that he spread Islam.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1312 to Jan 1, 1337

    Mansa Musa rules Mali , 711 - 737 AH

  • Jan 1, 1324

    Mansa Musa's hajj to Mecca, 724 AH

    His pilgrimage to Mecca is one of his most famous events. His caravan contained 60,000 people all clothed in silk. What fascinated most people was that Musa's baggage contained about 300 pounds of gold, in which he gave away to people in need along the journey.
  • Jan 1, 1332

    Mansa Musa died, 732 AH

    Afterwards, the kingdom of Mali is ruled by rulers who were unable to protect the territory.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1430 to

    Songhai Empire, 833 - 999 AH