rise peak and fall of the muslim empire
Jan 1, 611
a centry of expansionA.D. 661 – 750 Umayyad Dynasty ruled Islamic Empire. The Umayyads conquered vast territories, creating a unified empire with a new, distinctly Muslim culture.
By A.D. 750, Islam had spread beyond Arabia, reaching from present-day Pakistan to Spain and Portugal.I. Expansion Under Umayyad Rule
A. Muslim soldiers conquered lands across Arabia & beyond.
B. Umayyads, family of talented military leaders, took control of caliphate & ruled & expanded Islamic Empire from 661 to 75
Jan 1, 612
Expansion Under Umayyad RuleA. Muslim soldiers conquered lands across Arabia & beyond.
B. Umayyads, family of talented military leaders, took control of caliphate & ruled & expanded Islamic Empire from 661 to 750.
Jan 1, 661
umayyad dynasty ruledA.D. 661 – 750 Umayyad Dynasty ruled Islamic Empire. The Umayyads conquered vast territories, creating a unified empire with a new, distinctly Muslim culture.
Jan 1, 750
islam spreadBy A.D. 750, Islam had spread beyond Arabia, reaching from present-day Pakistan to Spain and Portugal.
Jan 2, 750
an empire of many peopleA. Umayyads generally tolerant of Jews & Christians living in empire. They had to pay special tax (jizya), but did not serve in military.
B. Umayyad caliphs set up bureaucracy & appointed emirs to rule provinces.
Jan 7, 750
umayyad downfallIII. Umayyad Unity
A. New Muslim culture developed in Islamic Empire.
B. Made Arabic official language, issued standard coins, & increased construction of mosques.
IV. The Umayyad Downfall
A. As economy declined, Umayyads accused of not keeping Muhammad's ideals.
B. Abbasid group rebelled against Umayyads, eventually Islamic Empire split into two parts.
Jan 1, 1258
golden ageUnder Abbasids, Islamic Empire experienced a golden age.
Capital city - Baghdad - thriving center of Muslim trade, learning, and culture.
I. Islam Under Abbasid Rule
A. 750 to 1258, Abbasids ruled many territories originally ruled by Umayyad.
B. Empire absorbed ideas & traditions of different cultures.
II. The New Capital of Baghdad
A. Strong economy based on agriculture and trade.
B. Abbasids developed banking system with uniform coinage.
Jan 1, 1258
the end of iberiaIII. The Loss of Iberia
A. In the late 1000s, Christian forces from around Europe joined Christian Iberia to fight the Muslims.
B. As the fighting continued, the Muslim government dissolved into factions, weakening the kingdom.
C. By 1492, the last of the Muslims were driven out of Iberia by Ferdinand and Isabella.
Jan 1, 1258
under abbasid rulethe abbasid forceable took over territitories that had originally been conqured during the time the old umayyad empire. this new abbasid <empire lasted frim 750 to 1258
Jan 2, 1258
abbasid cultureA. Great wealth of Abbasids - high achievement in arts & learning from c. 800 to 1000.
B. Calligraphy, geometric & floral design, bookmaking, & literature.
IV. Abbasid Achievements in Learning
A. Advances in science, mathematics, law, and medicine.
B. Translation of foreign works, including Greeks and Latin.
V. A Divided Culture
A. Political troubles hurt economy, & factions, such as Fatimids, broke away from Abbasids.
B. Weakened Baghdad fell to Seljuk Turks in 1055
Jan 3, 1258
islamic iberiaIn A.D. 756 Umayyad forces established an independent Islamic kingdom in Iberia.
They developed a thriving cultural center in Cordoba, but by the late 1000s, Christian forces from the north began to push the Muslims south.I. The Return of the Umayyads
A. Although Abbasids controlled most of Islamic Empire, Umayyads established independent Islamic kingdom in Iberia
In 1492, the last of the Muslims was driven out of Spain.
For over seven hundred years, Spain was an independent Islamic kingdom.