Old Testament Kings

By Desch
  • Period: 970 BCE to 931 BCE

    Reign of King Solomon

  • Period: 966 BCE to 956 BCE

    Temple Construction

  • Period: 940 BCE to 732 BCE

    Aram (Syria)

    Foreign Power and Enemy
  • 931 BCE

    Kingdom Split

    Northern Kingdom: Israel
    Southern Kingdom: Judah
  • Period: 931 BCE to 910 BCE

    *King Jeroboam*

    King of Israel
    Did what was evil in sight of the Lord
    - Set up golden calf’s claiming them as God
    - Festivals worshiping theses “gods”
    - Made own priests and sacrifices
  • Period: 931 BCE to 913 BCE

    *King Rehoboam*

    King of Judah
    Did what was evil in the sight of the LORD
    - Turned from law of the LORD
    - Married many women
    - Lost Gold shield of Lord temple to King Shishak of Egypt and replaced with bronze
  • Period: 913 BCE to 911 BCE

    King Abijam

    King of Judah
    Did what was evil in Lords sight following in ways of father but God spared him to keep Covenant of David
  • Period: 911 BCE to 870 BCE

    King Asa

    King of Judah
    Did was right in sight of Lord
    - Banished male prostitution
    - Removed all idols that father had made
    - Removed queen his grandmother
    - Brought consecrated gifts of his father and himself of silver and gold to temple Yet did not take down high places.
  • Period: 910 BCE to 909 BCE

    King Nadab

    King of Israel
    Son of Jeroboam, doing what was evil in the sight of the Lord
    - Walking in sins of father The Lord used Baasha to kill him and his household destroying their lineage due to the sins of Jeroboam and how his own did not repent.
    Baasha became king in his place
  • Period: 909 BCE to 886 BCE

    King Baasha

    King of Israel
    Son of Baasha, doing what was evil in the sight of the Lord, walking in the ways of his father. Lord promised to eradicate their lineage as well due to their sins
  • 885 BCE

    King Zimri

    King of Israel
    Did what was evil in sight of Lord
    - Killed Baasha lineage as the LORD foretold
    - Burnt down royal city due to conspired and moved to overthrow him Israel became divided as half followed Omri and the other half Tibni, but Omari was stronger and Tibini died making Omri king
  • Period: 885 BCE to 874 BCE

    King Omri

    King of Israel
    Did what was evil in sight of LORD, doing more evil them all rulers before him.
    - Walked I’m all way Jeroboam, causing Israel to as well
  • Period: 875 BCE to 848 BCE

    *Elijah*

    Northern Prophet of the LORD
    A voice and challenger of righteousness is Israel, challenging gods with signs and miracles from God, for purpose of repentance.
  • Period: 874 BCE to 853 BCE

    *King Ahab*

    King of Israel
    Did what was evil in the sight of the LORD far more then anyone before him.
    - Followed all ways of Jeroboam
    - Married Jezebel daughter of Sidonians King, which brought worship of Baal
    - Set up worship and temples for Baal
    - Built Jericho with cost of his first born and youngest due to curse on Jericho.
    - Murdered out of greed God challenged Ahab several times trying to get him to turn from his sins and repent.
    - Lord promised to wipe out all his lineage and servants.
  • Period: 870 BCE to 846 BCE

    Jehoshaphat

    King of Judah
    Walked in ways of father Asa, doing what was right in sight of LORD. But did not destroy high places and stop worship in them.
    - Made peace with Israel
    - Eradicated rest of male cult prostitution
  • Period: 860 BCE to 845 BCE

    Obadiah

    Prophet of the LORD
  • Period: 853 BCE to 852 BCE

    King Ahaziah

    King of Israel
    Did what was evil in sight of the LORD, walking in all ways of his father and Jerobaom.
    - Served and worshiped Baal
    - Inquire of Baal when fell sick so God let that sickness kill him
    - Attacked Elijah for this and fire from heaven and destroyed them all.
  • Period: 852 BCE to 841 BCE

    King Joram

    King of Israel
    Did what was rightish thing in the sight of the LORD
    - Removed pillars of Baal
    - Consulted the LORD through prophet Elisha concerning war with Moab. For this the LORD handed Moab over to him But did more evil in sight of LORD, walking in all other sins of his father and Jeroboam.
  • Period: 848 BCE to 797 BCE

    *Elisha*

    Prophet of the LORD
    Walked in all the ways of Elijah but with double the portion. Being a voice and challenger for GOD to bring people to repentance.
    - Miracle of widows oil never running out
    - Promise of a child to barren women. The child died and was raised again by GOD
    - Purifying poison soup
    - Multiplication of bread
    - Word of healing of disease to Naaman resulting in healing and conversion of many people
    - Locating objects
    - Vision of spiritual army
    - Prophecy of famine, war and disaster
  • Period: 846 BCE to 841

    King Jehoram

    King of Judah
    Did what was evil in sight of the LORD, for sake of covenant God I’d not destroy.
  • 841 BCE

    King Ahazia

    King of Judah
    Did what was evil in sight of LORD walking in ways of father Ahab
  • Period: 841 BCE to 814 BCE

    King Jehu

    King of Israel
    Did what was right in sight of LORD. He was chosen and anointed king by GOD through prophet Elisha
    - Destroyed house of Ahab, as LORD commanded
    - Killed Jezebel
    - Killed the rest of servants of Baal , eliminating Baal worship But did not full heartedly follow God and did not repent and correct sins of Jerboam.
  • Period: 841 BCE to 835 BCE

    Queen Athaliah

    Mother of Ahaziah
    Did what was evil in the sight of the LORD
    - Killed all sons of David’s lineage with exception of one who was saved, Joash for he was and from her.
    - Was over thrown by commanders of the armies when legitimate son of king Joash was made known. They protected the boy and anointed him as king.
  • 835 BCE

    Joel

    Southern Prophet of the LORD
    - During height of Monarchy
    - Message of repentance for The Day of the LORD is coming, painting pictures of GODs judgement to come, but how He is also mercy
  • Period: 835 BCE to 801 BCE

    King Joash

    King of Judah
    Was last surviving son of David’s lineage and was 7yrs old when anointed he was king.
    Did what was right in the sight of the Lord, walking in instruction of the LORDs priest all his life, yet did not take down high places.
    - Effort to repair the temple
  • Period: 814 BCE to 798 BCE

    King Jehoahaz

    King of Israel
    Did what was evil in sight of LORD, walking in ways of Jeroboam.
    - During his reign LORD handed Israel over to King of Aram.
    - He sought favor from the LORD and the LORD delivered Israel.
    - They continued to live as they had
  • Period: 801 BCE to 783 BCE

    King Amaziah

    King of Judah
    Did what was right in the sight of the LORD, yet high places remained.
    - Put to death servant traders of his father the king, and did not kill the children as written in law of Moses.
    - Was captured by Jehoash King of Israel which resulted in Jerusalem’s, and theft of treasuries in LORDs temple and Kings palace and hostages taken.
    - Rebuilt Elath
  • Period: 798 BCE to 782 BCE

    King Jehoash

    King of Israel
    Did what was evil in sight of the LORD, walked in ways of Jeroboam and did not turn from them
  • Period: 793 BCE to 753 BCE

    Jonah

    Prophet of the LORD
  • Period: 783 BCE to 732 BCE

    King Azariah

    King of Judah
    Did what was right in the sight of the LORD, yet did not tear down high places.
  • Period: 782 BCE to 753 BCE

    King Jeroboam

    King of Israel
    Did what was evil in the sight of the LORD, not turning from sins of Jeroboam 1st.
    - Restored boarder from Leo-hamath as far as Sea of Arabah, commanded by the LORD.
    - Recovered Damascus and Hamath which belonged to Judah.
    - Hypocrisy
  • Period: 770 BCE to 727 BCE

    Hosea

    Prophet of the Lord
    - During the time Assyria overthrew Israel
    - Made clear devastation was GODs judgement for Israel’s sins as well used him to call people back to the LORD.
    - Message to stop promiscuity and Idolatry in a parallel between spiritual and marital unfaithfulness. Showing no matter how unfaithful Israel was to God nothing can stop Gods love for His people.
  • Period: 770 BCE to 760 BCE

    Amos

    Southern Prophet of the LORD
    - During time of prosperity but prophesied the Destruction by Assyria.
    - Message that God is A just judge and it is His right to judge everyone. But despite it all God is able to bring redemption, and salivation. Hope.
  • Period: 753 BCE to 752 BCE

    King Zechariah

    King of Israel
    Did what was evil in sight of the Lord, walking in ways of father and Jerobaom the first.
  • 752 BCE

    King Shallum

    King Israel
    Reigned for only a month in Samaria before he was killed?
  • Period: 752 BCE to 742 BCE

    King Menahem

    King of Israel
    Did what was evil in the sight of the LORD, did not run from the ways of his fathers, walking in ways of Jeroboam the first.
    - Attacked Tiphsad and all within it because they would not surrender.
    - Ripped open all the pregnant women
    - Paid off King of Assyria so he would support him, and Assyria withdrew from engaging in battle with them.
  • Period: 750 BCE to 735 BCE

    King Jotham

    King of Judah
    Did what was right in the sight of the LORD, walking in ways of father Uzziah but did not destroy the high places.
    - Continue to building defenses, and simulated agriculture.
    - Assyria revolt, maintained anti-Assyrian policies
    -Promoted religion of the LORD Relayed on the walls and protection they made in their own strength instead of the LORDs
  • Period: 745 BCE to 612 BCE

    Assyria

    Foreign Power and Enemy
    7th-8th century
    Founded by Babylon emigrants
    Main cities Cala, Nineveh, Asia
    Encompassed Media, South Anatolia, Ciicia, Palestine, Arabia, Egypt, Elam and Babylon.
    - Great, curl warriors: Cutting off body parts: feet, hands, ears, eyes, nose and showing skulls for fear
    - Pulled their captors by hooks in face
  • Period: 745 BCE to 727 BCE

    Assyria: Tiglathpileser 3

    Foreign Power and Enemy 745-727
    - Introduced policy of incorporating empire as provinces, the conquered territories.
    - Introduced policy of exiling conquered people, to their territories to prevent revolt.
  • Period: 742 BCE to 740 BCE

    King Pekahiah

    King of Israel
    Did what was evil in the sight of the LORD, not turning from the ways of Jeroboam the first and his fathers.
    - Was murdered by his officer Pekah who became king in his place
  • Period: 740 BCE to 732 BCE

    King Pekah

    King of Israel
    Did what was evil in the sight of the LORD, not turning from ways of Jeroboam the first and his fathers.
    - Ijon, Abel-Beth-maacah, Janoah, Kedesh, Hazor, Gilead, and Galilee where captured by Assyria.
    - Murdered by Elah who became king in his place.
  • Period: 740 BCE to 686 BCE

    *Isaiah*

    Southern Prophet of the LORD
    - Citizen of Jerusalem, counselor to kings, part of royal family.
    - Describes the people’s corruption
    - False pity on the people for they worshiped with lips and not hearts.
    - Shows Gods heart for His people is like children and their Father wanting them to repent and be cleansed.
    - Brought warning of war and destruction/ capture if they do not repent
    - Judah’s fall prophesied.
  • Period: 737 BCE to 700

    Miach

    Southern Prophet of the LORD
    - Purpose to be a call to repentance with warning of destruction and silence from GOD. But He is also faithful and those who follow Him will find Salvation.
    - Making a clear distinction that we should always seek and obey conceal of GOD over man. Turning with all our hearts to Him in repentance.
  • Period: 735 BCE to 727 BCE

    King Ahaz

    King of Judah
    Did what was evil in the sight of the LORD, walking in ways of kings of Israel.
    - Pro-Assyrian politics
    -Sacrificed son in fire like other nations to Moloc
    - New high places + “gods”
    - Built a alter in front of the LORDs alter, & torn down Sabbath canopy, closed the outer entrance for the king & paid with treasuries to satisfy Assyria. Syria under Rezien and Israel invaded Judah, besieging Jerusalem, God approved. Isaiah said to Trust in God, but he trusted Assyria.
  • Period: 732 BCE to 722 BCE

    King Hoshea

    King of Israel
    Did what was evil in the sight of the LORD, but not as the kings before him.
    - Became vassal and paid tribute to Assyria
    - In 9th year of reign Assyria captured Samaria, deporting the Israelites to Assyria.
  • Period: 727 BCE to 697 BCE

    *King Hezekiah*

    King of Judah
    Did what was right in the sight of the LORD, keeping and following the commands of the LORD. One of the best.
    - Destroyed the high places & evil worship
    - Relied on the LORD.
    - Rebelled against Assyria King & did not serve him.
    - Defeated Philistines as far as Gaza
    - Opened temple, fixed priests & covenant
    - Built wall around Jerusalem for war, broken
    -LORD healed him, delivered him from Assyria.
    In illness showed rulers of Babylon his house bringing prophecy of fall to Babylon.
  • Period: 727 BCE to 722 BCE

    Assyria: Shalmaneser 5

    Foreign Power and Enemy 858-824
    - Hebrew nation vs Assyria began
    - Ahab participated in the coalition that stopped their advance, but Jehu avoided confronting them ,paying a heavy tribute.
    - Last king of Israel stopped paying tribute, so he laid siege to Samaria in 724, Egypt didn’t send aid and Israels capital was taken over in 722. Deporting them to eastern provinces where most never returned and turned to other Gods.
  • 722 BCE

    Fall of Samaria

    Captured by Assyria under reign of King Hoshea, King of Israel.
    This was the way the LORD removed Israel from his presence into exile, due to their sins which they refused to turn from and repent of. They remain in exile from their homeland to this day.
  • Period: 722 BCE to 705 BCE

    Assyria: Sargon 2

    Foreign Power and Enemy
  • Period: 705 BCE to 681 BCE

    Assyria: Sennacherib

    Foreign Power and Enemy
  • 701 BCE

    Assyrian Siege of Jerusalem

  • Period: 697 BCE to 642 BCE

    *King Manasseh*

    King of Judah
    Did what was evil in the sight of the LORD, imitating more detestable practices of nations dispossessed before Israel, causing Israelites follow.
    - Rebuilt high places
    - Re-established alters and worship of Baal
    - Built alters to other “gods” in GODs temple, like Asherah
    - Sacrificed son in fire
    - Practiced witchcraft, divination and consulted mediums and spiritualists. Due to this the LORD sent warning of destruction through prophets.
  • Period: 642 BCE to 640 BCE

    King Amon

    King of Judah
    Did what was evil in sight of the LORD, walking in all way of his father Manasseh.
    - Abandoned the LORD
    - Was conspired against by servants and common people killed all those who killed him.
  • Period: 640 BCE to 609 BCE

    *King Josiah*

    King of Judah
    Did what was right in the sight of the LORD, walking in all the ways of David not turning from them. Obeyed 1st commandment
    - Repaired temple
    - Found Law and repented for people. Restoring law and the covent to people
    - Destroyed all alter in LORDs temple dedicated to other “gods”
    - Did away with idolatrous priests
    - Tore down houses of male cult prostitution in LORDs temple
    - Torn down high places
    - Defiled top hatch and stoped worship to Malech
    - Restored Passover
  • Period: 640 BCE to 609 BCE

    Zephaniah

    Southern Prophet of the LORD
  • 630 BCE

    Nahum

    Prophet of the LORD
  • Period: 627 BCE to 580 BCE

    *Jeremiah*

    Southern Prophet of the LORD
  • Period: 626 BCE to 529 BCE

    Babylon

    Foreign Power and Enemy
  • 609 BCE

    King Jehoahaz

    King of Judah
    Did what was evil in sight of the LORD, as ancestors had.
  • Period: 609 BCE to 598 BCE

    King Jehoiakim

    King of Judah
    Did what was evil in sight of the LORD, just as his ancestors had.
    - Gave silver and gold to Pharaoh and at Pharaohs command texted common people giving it to Pharaoh.
    - Babylon attacked during his reign and he became his vassal for 3yrs.
    -The LORD sent armies against Judah to destroy it as He had warned. Removing Judah from the LORDs presence, due to all the sins and innocent blood shed of the people that went unchanging and unrepentant.
  • Period: 609 BCE to 598 BCE

    Habakkuk

    Southern Prophet of the LORD
  • Period: 605 BCE to 536 BCE

    *Daniel*

    Prophet of the LORD
  • Period: 605 BCE to 562 BCE

    Babylon: Nebuchadnezzar

    Foreign Power and Enemy
  • Period: 598 BCE to 597 BCE

    King Jehoiachin

    King of Judah
    Did what was evil in sight of the LORD.
    He reign for only 3 months in Jerusalem, when he surrendered to king of Babylon.
  • Period: 597 BCE to 586 BCE

    King Zedekiah

    Last king of Judah
    He did what was evil in the sight of the LORD, just as Jehoiakim.
    - Uncle of Jehoiachin
    - In Babylon the king of Babylon made him (Mettaniah) king in his place and changed his name to Zedekiah.
    - Zedekiah rebelled against king of Babylon and Babylon seized the city a few years later, capturing and blinding him. The LORDs anger burned against them and He finally banished both Judah and Israel from His presence.
  • Period: 597 BCE to 571 BCE

    *Ezekiel*

    Prophet of the LORD
  • 586 BCE

    Beginning of Exile

  • 586 BCE

    Fall of Jerusalem

    7th day on the 5th month the 19th year of reign of Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon Jerusalem was sieged and Destroyed by the servant of the king.
    - Deported the rest of the people in exile aside from poorest of poorest.
    - Destroyed the LORDs temple
  • Period: 553 BCE to 539 BCE

    Babylon: Belshazzar

    Foreign Power and Enemy
  • 539 BCE

    Cyrus Conquered Babylon

  • Period: 539 BCE to 1 BCE

    Persia

    Foreign Power and Enemy
  • Period: 539 BCE to AD 1

    Persia: Cyrus

    Foreign Power and Enemy