Middle/Dark Ages Timeline Project

  • 455

    Vandals Sack Rome

    Vandals Sack Rome
    The Vandal king Genseric had become so powerful by 455 that his son, Huneric, was set to marry a Roman princess named Eudocia. When the now grown-up Valentinian III was murdered in that year, and Eudocia was pledged to another man, the enraged Genseric moved his force toward Rome.
  • Period: 476 to 750

    Clovis Merovingian Dynasty Starts

    "First race" of the kings of France. A key period during the transformation of the Roman Empire into Europe.
  • Period: 480 to 547

    Benedict of Nursia

    Benedict of Nursia is a Catholic saint venerated in the Catholic Church, the Eastern Orthodox Church, the Oriental Orthodox Churches, the Anglican Communion and Old Catholic Churches.
  • Period: 500 to 1000

    Saint Bede

    An English Benedictine monk at the monastery of St. Peter and its companion monastery of St. Paul in the Kingdom of Northumbria of the Angles.
    St. Bede significant for his “Ecclesiastical History of the English People”, which is important to the history of the conversion to Christianity of the Anglo-Saxon tribes.
  • Oct 10, 732

    Battle of Tours

    Battle of Tours
    The Battle of Tours stopped the northward advance of Islam from the Iberian peninsula.
  • Period: 780 to 850

    Al-Khwarizmi

    A Persian polymath who produced vastly influential works in mathematics, astronomy, and geography.
  • 782

    Massacre of Verden

    Massacre of Verden
    An event during the Saxon Wars where the Frankish king Charlemagne ordered the death of 4,500 Saxons, the inspiration was the Bible.
  • Period: 786 to 814

    Missi Dominici

    Their purpose was to act as inspectors general, investigating the behavior of royal officials and reporting back to the court.
  • Jun 8, 793

    Vikings Attack Linidisfarne

    Vikings Attack Linidisfarne
    They had come to kill the monks and steal the monastery's treasure. Lindisfarne, also known as Holy Island, was one of the first landing sites of the Vikings.
  • Jan 28, 814

    Charlemagne dies

    Charlemagne dies
    Charlemagne died of sickness at 72. In 813, Charlemagne crowned his son Louis the Pious (778-840), king of Aquitaine, as co-emperor.
  • Period: 849 to 899

    King Alfred of England

    King Alfred of England was king of the West Saxons from 871 to c. 886 and king of the Anglo-Saxons from c. 886 to 899. He prevented England from falling to the Danes and promoted learning and literacy.
  • Period: 854 to Oct 15, 925

    Muhhamed Al-Razi

    Abū Bakr Muhammad Zakariyyā Rāzī, was a Persian polymath, physician, alchemist, philosopher, and important figure in the history of medicine.
  • Oct 14, 1066

    Battle of Hastings

    Battle of Hastings
    The Battle of Hastings was the war fought between the Norman-French army of William, the Duke of Normandy, and an English army under the Anglo-Saxon King Harold Godwinson because King Edward died leaving the English throne without a heir.
    The Battle of Hastings was important for the history of England because the Anglo-Saxons had ruled the land for over 600 years since the Roman times. Since the Normans had taken over, there were going to be big changes.
  • 1085

    Doomsday Book

    Doomsday Book
    Domesday Book is a manuscript record of the "Great Survey" of much of England and parts of Wales completed in 1086 by order of King William the Conqueror. The survey's main purpose was to determine what taxes had been owed during the reign of King Edward the Confessor.
  • Period: 1094 to 1162

    Ibn Zuhur

    An Arab physician, surgeon, and poet.
  • Period: Aug 20, 1190 to 1255

    Sundiata Keita

    Sundiata Keita was a prince and founder of the Mali Empire. He laid the foundation for a powerful and wealthy African empire and proclaimed the first charter of human rights, the Manden Charter.
  • Jun 15, 1215

    Magna Carta

    Magna Carta
    A royal charter of rights agreed to by King John of England. Magna Carta, is one of the most important documents in history as it established the principle that everyone is subject to the law, even the king, and guarantees the rights of individuals, the right to justice and the right to a fair trial.
  • Period: Aug 18, 1227 to 1162

    Genghis Khan

    The founder and first great Khan of Mongol Empire. Best known for unifying the Mongolian steppe under a massive empire that was able to challenge the powerful Jin dynasty in China and capture territory as far west as the Caspian Sea.
  • Period: Sep 15, 1254 to Jan 8, 1324

    Marco Polo

    A Venetian merchant, explorer, and writer who travelled through Asia along the Silk Road between 1271 and 1295.
  • Period: 1300 to 1368

    Guy De Chauliac

    A French physician and surgeon who wrote a lengthy and influential treatise on surgery, Chirurgia Magna.
  • Period: 1324 to 1325

    Mansa Musa Journey for the Hajj

    His elaborate pilgrimage to the Muslim holy city of Mecca in 1324 introduced him to rulers in the Middle East and in Europe.
  • 1343

    Jani Beg Siege of Kaffa/Caffa

    Jani Beg Siege of Kaffa/Caffa
    Jani Beg commanded a massive Crimean Tatar force that attacked the Crimean port city of Kaffa in 1343.
  • Period: 1343 to Oct 25, 1400

    Geoffert Chaucer

    An English poet and author, he made the decision to write in English and not French. In the centuries following the Norman invasion, French was the language spoken by those in power.
  • Period: 1364 to 1430

    Christine de Pisan

    Poet and author at the court of King Charles VI of France and several French dukes. Christine de Pisan was a medieval writer and historiographer who advocated for women's equality.
  • Period: Jan 6, 1412 to May 30, 1431

    Joan of Arc

    A national heroine of France.