Period: 330 to Dec 17, 1453
Byzantine EmpireIt was the Roman empire during the late antiquity and the middle ages.
King Clovis I becomes first king of the franks.Dedicated to uniting franks under one rule.
Emperor Justinian becomes king.
Sep 13, 610
The Prophet MuhammadThe prophet muhammad, born in 570 AD, recieves a revelation from God in 610. He went on to preach the revelations of God in the form of Islam....
Period: Jun 21, 622 to Jul 2, 622
The First HijraMigration or journey of Muhammad and his followers from Mecca to Medina.
Nov 16, 632
Abu BakrBecame the first Muslim caliph.
Jun 20, 635
Damascus becomes center of Islam world.
Period: Aug 28, 661 to Mar 16, 750
Ummayad CaliphateEstablished the four main social classes of Muslims.
The Umayyad caliphate was marked both by territorial expansion and by the administrative and cultural problems that such expansion created. Despite some notable exceptions, the Umayyads tended to favor the rights of the old Arab families, and in particular their own, over those of newly converted Muslims.
Period: May 16, 750 to Oct 14, 1258
The Abbasid EmpireThe 10th Muslim caliphate of the Arab empire. Started in 750 by Abu Al-Abbas a descendent of Muhammad's uncle. Ended in 1258 when the Mongols killed everyone.
Sep 14, 764
Baghdad becomes center of Islamic world.
Period: Oct 16, 783 to Mar 17, 1258
Golden Age of Islamic Rule.Major advancements of art and science.
Ended in 1258 when the Mongols invaded and destroyed Baghdad.
Period: Dec 25, 800 to Jan 28, 814
Sep 2, 873
The Fuedal SystemFuedal System is Established.
Vassals were protected by their lords.
Period: Sep 19, 962 to
holy roman empireBased on the Catholic church
Period: Dec 6, 1060 to Feb 13, 1307
Seljuq Turks DynastyPowerful empire in Persia.
Ancestors of the modern turks.
Defended the Islamic world against the crusaders.
Conquered large parts of the Byzantine empire.
Paved the way for Ottoman Turks.
Oct 14, 1066
Battle of hastingsbetween the french army of william II and english King Harold.
Nov 4, 1066
Wiliam the ConquerorBecomes first norman king of England.
Period: Sep 19, 1095 to Sep 19, 1099
CrusadesThe crusades Were a series of religious expeditionary wars blessed by pope urban II and the catholic church, with the stated gosl of restoring christian access to holy places in and near Jerusalem.
Jan 11, 1096
Pope Urban IIStarted the First crusades.
Sep 19, 1119
john, king of englandDuring his reign, england lost to the duke of normandy and king phillip II of france, which resulted in the collapse of most of the angevin empire and contibuted to the subsequent growth in power of the capetian dynasty during the 13th century.
May 7, 1215
Magna CartaThe 1215 charter required King John of England to proclaim certain liberties and accept that his will was not arbitrary, for example by explicitly accepting that no "freeman" (in the sense of non-serf) could be punished except through the law of the land, a right which is still in existence today.
Aug 4, 1258
The Mongols Invade BaghdadThe mongols, under the command of Hulegu, sieze baghdad and destroy the city, killing everyone.
Dec 5, 1327
Cairo becomes center of Muslim world.