Medieval Europe

By chch
  • 400

    Romans pull out of England

    The Romans went back home to fight off Germanic invaders. Soon after, the Angles and Saxons invaded Britain from Denmark and Germany.
  • 476

    Last Western Roman Emperor fell from power

    After the fall, Western Europe divided into many different kingdoms from the attacks of Germanic tribes.
  • Jan 1, 700

    Invention of the stirrup

    This innovation made it possible for an amored man to sit on horse.
  • Period: Jan 1, 700 to

    Vikings began raiding Europe

    This is believed to have happened because their population had grown to big to live back in their origanal homes.
  • Jan 1, 732

    Charles Martel led the Franks against the Muslims

    He wanted to unite all the Frankish nobles, but he had to defend Europe from the Muslims before he could get the support from the Pope.
  • Jan 1, 1000

    Europe divided into Feudal territories

    Most of these were smaller than the city states of Greece. They are all centered around a nobles castle.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1000 to Jan 1, 1200

    Many woman entered convents

    These woman were from noble families, were widows, or weren't married.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1000 to Jan 1, 1100

    Europes building boom

    Europe and its socioty built large new cathedrals in Romanesque style.
  • Jan 1, 1050

    Most people in Western Europe are Catholic

    Monks had been spreading Christianity throughout Europe since A.D. 800.
  • Jan 1, 1073

    Gregory VII elected Pope

    Once Pope, he wanted to stop the kings and nobles from interferring in their church affairs.
  • Jul 13, 1095

    Pope Urban II calls the First Crusade

    In eastern France he spoke before a large crowd, urging them to launch a crusade against the Muslims.
  • Jan 1, 1098

    First crusade capture Antioch in Syria

    Fter they captured the city, they moved on to Palestine and reached Jerusalem.
  • Jan 1, 1098

    The Cistercian order was founded

    The monks here farmed land while worshoping. With this they developed new farming techniques.
  • Jan 1, 1100

    Feudalism made Europe safer

    With feudalism new technology was able to develop, and more food was produced.
  • Jan 23, 1100

    Flanders and Italy trade goods regularly

    Flanders ( which is now part of Belgium) was the center of trade for northern Europe. To encourage these trades, the counts of Champagne in northern France held trade fairs.
  • Oct 13, 1144

    Muslims capture Edessa

    After the Crusaders created four states the Muslims responded by capturing the city.
  • Jan 1, 1174

    Saladin becomes ruler of egypt

    He brought the muslims together and declared war against the Christian crusaders.
  • Jan 1, 1187

    Saladin defeats the christians and takes jerusalem

    Saladin is a brilliant commander that united the muslims and declared war with the Christians.
  • Jan 1, 1200

    Guilds are widespread in Europe

    Nearly all the crafts had guilds, such as tanners, carpenters, and bakers.
  • Jan 1, 1200

    Europe reaches a high point

    Soon after the plague known as The Black Death, or Bubonic Plague swept across Europe and Asia.
  • Jan 1, 1209

    Francis of Assisi founds Franciscan order

    This was the first order of friars. These friars became known as Franciscans. They taught Christianity, helped the poor, and served as missionaries.
  • Jan 1, 1215

    Signing of Magna Carta

    The nobles met with King John at a meadow called Runnymede. There they forced John to sign a document called the magna Carta, or Great Charter.
  • Jan 1, 1231

    Oxford Universityis founded

    This was one of the first univercities. At this time they were edjucating guilds.
  • Jan 1, 1233

    Catholic Church set up Inqusition

    This church court was suposed to try heretics wich were people suspected of heresy.
  • Jan 1, 1240

    Kiev falls to the Mongols

    The Mongols destroyed almost all the major cities and killed many people.
  • Jan 1, 1267

    Thomas Aquinas begins writing Summa Theologica

    It was a summary of their knolage of theology.
  • Jan 1, 1290

    Eingland expelled jews

    Europien rulers began driving out their jewish subjects, begining in 1100.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1306 to Jan 1, 1394

    France expelled Jews

    In this time German cities also made Jews leave.
  • Jan 1, 1331

    First outbrake of plague in China

    More goods were being shipped across Asia than ever. This made it possible for the Plague to spread rapidly.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1337 to Jan 1, 1437

    The Hundred Years War

    Edward III declared himself king of France. This angered the French, and war began.
  • Jan 1, 1346

    The Black Death arrives in Europe

    It began in the city of Caffa. This city was controlledd by Italian merchants that were in the city of Genoa.
  • Jan 1, 1400

    Printing press invented

    Before this books were rare. Once this was invented it made it easier for student to study.
  • Jan 1, 1429

    Joan of Ark inspires the French

    She was a French peasant girl that went to Charles the prince and asked if she could go with the French army.
  • Jan 1, 1453

    The French defeat the Einglish

    A young girl named Joan, or Joan of Ark helped defeat the Einglish.
  • Jan 1, 1480

    Ivan III drives the Mongols out of Russia

    Ivan III, or czar as he liked to be called got rid of the Mongols, and expanded his territory to the north and west.
  • Jan 1, 1492

    The Spanish defeat the Muslims and expel the Jews

    Ten years later they made the Muslims convert or leave.
  • King Clovis becomes a Catholic

    King Clovis of the Franks became a Catholic. Becoming Cathlic gave him the support of the Romans that lived in his kingdom. After this most of the Franks also became Catholic.
  • Charlemagne is crowned by Pope

    Charlemagne was worshipping at the church of St.Peters. The Pope was impressed and after the service he crowned him emperor.
  • Otto declared emperor of Romans

    He fought the Magyars and protected the Pope in Itay. For this he was crowned emperor.
  • Charlemagne died

    After he died, his son Louis took his place, but was not a good leader. After Louis died his sons then divided the kingdom.
  • Feudalism begins in Europe

    The power went from kings to nobles, and a new order was made known as feudalism.
  • The Vikings conquered part of western France

    They took the area across the English channel. This is now known as Normandy after the Norsemen who ruled.