Medical Timeline

  • Jan 1, 1523

    Identifying of Fallopian Tubes

    Gabriel Fallopius, the one to identify fallopian tubes in females, lived from 1523-1562.
  • Microscope Invented

    Microscope Invented
    Dutch lens grinder Zacharius Jannssen invents the microscope
  • First to Describe Circulation of Blood

    William Harvey was the first to describe the circulation of blood to and from the heart.
  • Advancement of the Microscope

    Advancement of the Microscope
    Anton van Leeuwenhoek refines the microscope and fashions nearly 500 models. Discovers blood cells and observes animal and plant tissues and microorganisms.
  • Invention of Microscope

    In 1674, Anton Von Leeuwenhoek invented the microscope, which could be used blood, yeast, insects, and other tiny objects. Although it was very useful, it only had one lense and was very simple.
  • First Mercury Thermometer

    First Mercury Thermometer
    In 1724, Gabriel Fahrenheit invented the first mercury thermometer.
  • Preventing Scurvy

    James Lind , a Scottish naval surgeon, discovers that citrus fruits prevent scurvy. He publishes his Treatise of the Scurvy in 1754, identifying the cure for this common and dangerous disease of sailors, although it takes another 40 years before an official Admiralty order dictates the supply of lemon juice to ships.
  • Bifocals

    Ben Franklin invented the bifocals.
  • Invention of Stethoscope

    Invention of Stethoscope
    Rene Laennec invented the stethoscope in 1819.
  • First Woman Doctor in U.S

    Elizabeth Blackwell became the first woman to be considered a doctor in the U.S. She also inspired Florence Nightengale to pursue nursing.
  • Father of Psychology

    The father of psychology, Sigmund Freud, lived from 1856-1939. He was also the founder of the psychosexual stages.
  • Civil War

    Civil War
    1861-1865 During the civil War thousands of people died.
  • Antiseptic First Used In Surgery

    Joseph Lister was the first doctor to use an antiseptic during surgery to prevent infection in the incision.
  • First Modern Typewriter Invented

    Christopher Sholes invented the first modern typewriter in 1866 along with his business partners, Samuel Sholes and Carlos Glidden.
  • Telephone

    Alexander Graham Bell invented the telephone in the 1870's.
  • First Rabies Vaccine

    Louis Pasteur was the first to create a vaccine for rabies in 1885.
  • Invention of Contact Lenses

    Invention of Contact Lenses
    In 1887, German opthalmologist A.E. Fick invention the first corneal lenses, known as contact lenses.
  • Discovery of X-Rays

    WIlhelm Roentgen discovered X-rays in 1895. This allowed doctors to see inside the body to find out what was wrong with the patient.
  • First Car

    First Car
    Henry Ford invented the automobile in 1896.
  • First Blood Transfusion

    First successful human blood transfusion using Landsteiner's ABO blood typing technique
  • Isolation of Radium

    In 1910, Marie Curie isolated radium.
  • Period: to

    World War I

    World War I took place in Europe from 1914-1918.
  • Period: to


    World War One was faught Europe.
  • Insulin for Diabetes

    Insulin first used to treat diabetes.
  • Alexander Fleming

    Alexander Fleming discovered penecillin, the first antibiotic. His discovery was considered one of the most important ones of the 20th century.
  • Period: to

    Great Depression

    The stock market crash on October 29,1929 caused the Great Depression.
  • Period: to

    Invention of the Computer

    The Z1 originally created by Germany's Konrad Zuse in his parents living room in 1936 to 1938 is considered to be the first electro-mechanical binary programmable computer.
  • Blood Bank

    Bernard Fantus starts the first blood bank at Cook County Hospital in Chicago, using a 2% solution of sodium citrate to preserve the blood. Refrigerated blood lasts ten days.
  • WWII

    1939-1945 World War Two started.
  • Pearl Harbor

    Pearl Harbor
    The Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor.
  • First Kidney Dialysis Machine

    The first kidney dialysis machine was invented by William Kolff.
  • Invention of Syringe

    Invention of Syringe
    In 1946, Blaise Pascal made a syringe to be used for scientific purposes.
  • Oral Polio Vaccine

    In the 1950's, Albert Sabin came up with an oral polio vaccine, which was much more effective than Jonas Salk's vaccine.
  • Period: to

    Invention of the Internet

    Throughoout the span of 1950's and the 1960's internet was invented.
  • Disovery of Altered Polio Vaccine

    Jonas Salk discovered an altered polio virus vaccine.
  • First Microsurgery

    Microsurgery is surgery on minute body structures or cells done with the help of a microscope and other instruments such as a micromanipulator. The first microsurgery done was a microvascular surgery done to repair blood vessels.
  • Birth Control Approved by FDA

    Birth Control Approved by FDA
    In 1960, birth control pills were approved by the FDA for use.
  • World's First Heart Transplant Surgery

    Christian Barnard perfomed the world's first heart transplant surgery.
  • Smallpox is Eradicated

    W.H.O. (World Health Organization) announces smallpox is eradicated.
  • First Artificial Heart

    Dr. William DeVries implants the Jarvik-7 artificial heart into patient Barney Clark. Clark lives 112 days.
  • HIV

    HIV, the virus that causes AIDS, is identified.
  • Gene Therapy First Used

    Gene therapy, the insertion of genes into a person's cells and tissues to treat a disease (hereditary disease in particular) is first used.
  • Artificial Blood

    In 1993, Clark and Gollon came up with artificial blood while experimenting with mice.
  • Dolly the Sheep

    Dolly the Sheep
    Dolly the sheep becomes the first mammal cloned from an adult cell (dies in 2003).
  • Lyme's Disease

    First vaccine for lyme's disease was realeased.
  • Discovery of How to Create Embryonic Stem Cells

    Discovery of How to Create Embryonic Stem Cells
    Scientists discover how to use human skin cells to create embryonic stem cells.
  • HPV Vaccine

    Gardisil for the prevention of HPV in women. It has been approved 80 countries by 2007
  • Smallpox

    Persian physician Rhazes is the first to identify smallpox, as distinguished from measles, and to suggest blood as the cause of infectious disease.