Gabriel Fallopius, the one to identify fallopian tubes in females, lived from 1523-1562.
Dutch lens grinder Zacharius Jannssen invents the microscope
First to Describe Circulation of Blood
William Harvey was the first to describe the circulation of blood to and from the heart.
Advancement of the Microscope
Anton van Leeuwenhoek refines the microscope and fashions nearly 500 models. Discovers blood cells and observes animal and plant tissues and microorganisms.
Invention of Microscope
In 1674, Anton Von Leeuwenhoek invented the microscope, which could be used blood, yeast, insects, and other tiny objects. Although it was very useful, it only had one lense and was very simple.
First Mercury Thermometer
In 1724, Gabriel Fahrenheit invented the first mercury thermometer.
James Lind , a Scottish naval surgeon, discovers that citrus fruits prevent scurvy. He publishes his Treatise of the Scurvy in 1754, identifying the cure for this common and dangerous disease of sailors, although it takes another 40 years before an official Admiralty order dictates the supply of lemon juice to ships.
Ben Franklin invented the bifocals.
Invention of Stethoscope
Rene Laennec invented the stethoscope in 1819.
First Woman Doctor in U.S
Elizabeth Blackwell became the first woman to be considered a doctor in the U.S. She also inspired Florence Nightengale to pursue nursing.
Father of Psychology
The father of psychology, Sigmund Freud, lived from 1856-1939. He was also the founder of the psychosexual stages.
1861-1865 During the civil War thousands of people died.
Antiseptic First Used In Surgery
Joseph Lister was the first doctor to use an antiseptic during surgery to prevent infection in the incision.
First Modern Typewriter Invented
Christopher Sholes invented the first modern typewriter in 1866 along with his business partners, Samuel Sholes and Carlos Glidden.
Alexander Graham Bell invented the telephone in the 1870's.
First Rabies Vaccine
Louis Pasteur was the first to create a vaccine for rabies in 1885.
Invention of Contact Lenses
In 1887, German opthalmologist A.E. Fick invention the first corneal lenses, known as contact lenses.
Discovery of X-Rays
WIlhelm Roentgen discovered X-rays in 1895. This allowed doctors to see inside the body to find out what was wrong with the patient.
Henry Ford invented the automobile in 1896.
First Blood Transfusion
First successful human blood transfusion using Landsteiner's ABO blood typing technique
Isolation of Radium
In 1910, Marie Curie isolated radium.
World War I
World War I took place in Europe from 1914-1918.
World War One was faught Europe.
Insulin for Diabetes
Insulin first used to treat diabetes.
Alexander Fleming discovered penecillin, the first antibiotic. His discovery was considered one of the most important ones of the 20th century.
The stock market crash on October 29,1929 caused the Great Depression.
Invention of the Computer
The Z1 originally created by Germany's Konrad Zuse in his parents living room in 1936 to 1938 is considered to be the first electro-mechanical binary programmable computer.
Bernard Fantus starts the first blood bank at Cook County Hospital in Chicago, using a 2% solution of sodium citrate to preserve the blood. Refrigerated blood lasts ten days.
1939-1945 World War Two started.
The Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor.
First Kidney Dialysis Machine
The first kidney dialysis machine was invented by William Kolff.
Invention of Syringe
In 1946, Blaise Pascal made a syringe to be used for scientific purposes.
Oral Polio Vaccine
In the 1950's, Albert Sabin came up with an oral polio vaccine, which was much more effective than Jonas Salk's vaccine.
Invention of the Internet
Throughoout the span of 1950's and the 1960's internet was invented.
Disovery of Altered Polio Vaccine
Jonas Salk discovered an altered polio virus vaccine.
Microsurgery is surgery on minute body structures or cells done with the help of a microscope and other instruments such as a micromanipulator. The first microsurgery done was a microvascular surgery done to repair blood vessels.
Birth Control Approved by FDA
In 1960, birth control pills were approved by the FDA for use.
World's First Heart Transplant Surgery
Christian Barnard perfomed the world's first heart transplant surgery.
Smallpox is Eradicated
W.H.O. (World Health Organization) announces smallpox is eradicated.
First Artificial Heart
Dr. William DeVries implants the Jarvik-7 artificial heart into patient Barney Clark. Clark lives 112 days.
HIV, the virus that causes AIDS, is identified.
Gene Therapy First Used
Gene therapy, the insertion of genes into a person's cells and tissues to treat a disease (hereditary disease in particular) is first used.
In 1993, Clark and Gollon came up with artificial blood while experimenting with mice.
Dolly the Sheep
Dolly the sheep becomes the first mammal cloned from an adult cell (dies in 2003).
First vaccine for lyme's disease was realeased.
Discovery of How to Create Embryonic Stem Cells
Scientists discover how to use human skin cells to create embryonic stem cells.
Gardisil for the prevention of HPV in women. It has been approved 80 countries by 2007
Persian physician Rhazes is the first to identify smallpox, as distinguished from measles, and to suggest blood as the cause of infectious disease.