Medicine of the Modern Age by Chelsea Castaldi

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    Medicine of the Modern Age by Chelsea Castaldi

    The modern age is running at a very fast pace. Newer developments in medicine has brought new technology to this present human kind.
  • Existence of Blood Groups

    Existence of Blood Groups
    Karl Landsteiner discovered the different human blood types and introduced a system for typing the first three blood groups. At the time of his research blood transfusions were considered risky and experimental, as more often than not transfusions led to potentially fatal blood clotting in the recipient's body.
  • Electrocardiograph (ECG) Invented

    Willem Einthoven invented the first practical electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG) and received the Nobel Prize in Medicine in 1924 for it. It proved to be a popular device, and large-scale manufacturing soon began soon in various European countries.
  • Vacine for Diptheria

    Vacine for Diptheria
    The first successful vaccine for diphtheria was developed by Behring. However, antibiotics against diphtheria were not available until the discovery and development of sulfa drugs in 1932.
  • Insulin Formed to Treat Diabetes

    Insulin Formed  to Treat Diabetes
    Insulin was discovered by Sir Frederick G Banting , Charles H Best and JJR Macleod at the University of Toronto in 1921 and it was purified by James B Collip. Before 1921, it was exceptional for people with Type 1 diabetes to live more than a year or two.
  • Band-Aid Intrdouced

    Band-Aid Intrdouced
    Earle Dickson was employed as a cotton buyer for the Johnson & Johnson when he invented the band-aid in 1921. His wife Josephine Dickson was always cutting her fingers in the kitchen while preparing food. At that time a bandage consisted of separate gauze and adhesive tape that you would cut to size and apply yourself.
  • Vacine for Tuberculosis

    Vacine for Tuberculosis
    The discovery of tuberculosis was made by the French Calmette and Guerin who instituted the basis for the vaccine against tuberculosis by using a low virulence Tb bacteria vaccine. The last step needed in the therapy of tuberculosis was made in the middle of the Second World War.
  • First Successful Use of Insulin

    First Successful Use of Insulin
    On 11 January 1922, Leonard Thompson, a 14-year-old boy with diabetes, layed dying at Toronto General Hospital, was given the first injection of insulin. He suffered a severe allergic reaction, and further injections were cancelled. Over the next 12 days, James Collip worked to improve the ox-pancreas extract, and a second dose was injected on the 23 January. This was completely successful, not only in having no obvious side-effects, but in completely eliminating the glycosuria sign of diabetes.
  • First Tetnus Vaccine

    First Tetnus Vaccine
    In 1924, the vaccine against tetanus was discovered by the German bacteriologist Emil Adolf von Behring and was used successfully to prevent tetanus in the armed services during World War II.
  • First Pertussis Vaccine (Whopping Cough)

    First Pertussis Vaccine (Whopping Cough)
    The first pertussis (whopping cough) vaccine by Danish physician Thorvald Madsen was developed in the early 1900s and was in widespread use by the mid-1940s. A series of 4 doses of whole-cell DTP vaccine was quite (70–90%) effective in preventing serious pertussis disease; however, up to half of the children who received the vaccine developed local reactions such as redness, swelling, and pain at the injection site.
  • Discovery of Penicilin

    Discovery of Penicilin
    Sir Alexander Fleming, a Scottish bacteriologist in London, discovered penicillin by mistake when he was trying to study staphylococci bacteria. He was running experiments with the bacteria in his laboratory at London's St. Mary's Hospital, and set a laboratory dish containing the bacteria near an open window. Upon returning to the experiment, he found that some mold blown in through the open window onto the dish, contaminating the bac
  • Sulfa Drugs

    Sulfa Drugs
    Sulfa Drugs were first observed in 1932, when German bacteriologist and pathologist Gerhard Domagk noted the effects of the red dye Prontosil on Streptococcus infections in mice.
  • Glaucoma and Cortisone for Rheumatoid Arthritis

    Glaucoma and Cortisone for Rheumatoid Arthritis
    Percy Lavon Julian synthesized medicines physostigmine for glaucoma and cortisone for rheumatoid arthritis. He didnt even have much education becuase Montgomery provided no public education for blacks after the eighth grade.
  • First Yellow Fever Vaccine

    First Yellow Fever Vaccine
    Wilbur Augustus Sawyer eveloped the first effective yellow fever vaccine. He was a key figure in preventive medicine and international public health during the first part of the twentieth century
  • First Sulfa Drug

    First Sulfa Drug
    The first ever sulfa drug was developed by a German scientists named Gerhard Domagk, who worked at the Bayer Laboratories
  • First Typhus Vacine

    First Typhus Vacine
    Hans Zinsser was an American bacteriologist noted for his work in combating typhus fever, and for a popular book about typhus, Rats, Lice and History (1935).
  • First Blood Bank

    First Blood Bank
    Bernard Fantus pioneers the use the first blood bank in Chicago.
  • Purification of Penicilin

    Purification of Penicilin
    Australian scientist Howard Walter Florey and Ernst Boris Chain at the University of Oxford makes significant progress in the development of a medicine using penicillan and sucessfully purified the mould which Flemming was not able to do. However they were only able to prove its harmlessness in mice due to insufficient numbers of pruified penicillan.
  • Trials of Penicillin

    Trials of Penicillin
    Pioneering trials of penicillin takes place in the Radcliffe Infirmary in Oxford. FInally, John Bumstead and Orvan Hess became the first scientists to successfully treat a patient using penicillin.
  • Cancer Chemotherapy

    Cancer Chemotherapy
    Cancer chemotherapy began in the 1940s with the first use of nitrogen mustards and folic acid antagonist drugs. Cancer drug development has exploded since then into a multi-billion dollar industry.
  • First Antibiotic Streptomycin

    First Antibiotic Streptomycin
    American microbiologist Selman Waksman made the drug antibiotic streptomycin from soil bacteria, the first of a new class of drugs called aminoglycosides.
  • First Antibiotic Streptomycin

    First Antibiotic Streptomycin
    Antibiotic Streptomycin was first made by Albert Schatz, a graduate student, in the laboratory of Selman Abraham Waksman at Rutgers University.[8] Dr. Waksman and his laboratory discovered several antibiotics, including actinomycin, clavacin, streptothricin, streptomycin, grisein, neomycin, fradicin, candicidin and candidin.
  • Kidney Dialysis Machine

    Kidney Dialysis Machine
    Kolff created the first kidney dialysis machine in the early 1940s. Kidney dialysis takes the blood from the body and removes impurities. Kolff, who used everyday materials to create his first kidney dialysis machine, also invented the artificial heart.
  • First Influenza Vacine

    First Influenza Vacine
    A remarkable medical advancement that affected life in America was the invention of the influenza vaccine in 1945.
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) Invented

    Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) Invented
    MRI, as with all medical imaging techniques, is a relatively new technology with its foundations beginning during the year of 1946. Felix Bloch and Edward Purcell independently discovered the magnetic resonance phenomena during this year, and were later awarded the Nobel Prize in 1952.
  • Cardiac Pacemaker

    Canadian, John Hopps invented the first cardiac pacemaker. He was conducting research on hypothermia where he accidentally sicovered if a heart was stopped due to cooling, it would be started again by artificial stimulation using mechanical or electric means.
  • X-Ray Diffraction

    X-Ray Diffraction
    Rosalind Franklin uses X-ray diffraction to study the structure of DNA.
  • Developed Pacemaker

    Developed Pacemaker
    Paul Zoll develops the first cardiac pacemaker. Zoll's pacemaker was used to maintain a heartbeat in a man suffering from congestive heart failure; after two days, the patient's own heart took over again.
  • Leukemia-Fighting Drug

    Leukemia-Fighting Drug
    Gertrude Elion patented the leukemia-fighting drug 6-mercaptopurine in 1954 and has made a number of significant contributions to the medical field.
  • First Human Kidney Transplant

    First Human Kidney Transplant
    performed the first successful human kidney transplant on identical twins on December 23, 1954.
    Murray shared the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1990 with E. Donnall Thomas for work on organ and cell transplantation.[2]
  • First Oral Vaccine for Polio

    First Oral Vaccine for Polio
    Albert Sabin produces an oral polio vaccine using live but weakend polio
  • In Vitro Fertalisation (IVF)

    In Vitro Fertalisation (IVF)
    Min Chueh Chang at the Worcester Foundation, proved fertilisation in vitro was capable of proceeding to a birth of a live rabbit. The first pregnancy achieved through in vitro human fertilisation of a human oocyte was reported in The Lancet from the Monash University team in 1973.
  • Balloon Embolectomy Catheter

    Balloon Embolectomy Catheter
    Thomas Fogarty invented the balloon embolectomy catheter. The balloon embolectomy catheter is a rubber tube with a balloon tip named after it's inventor.
  • Measles Vaccine

    Measles Vaccine
    The measles vaccine was prepared and developed by Leonard Hayflick.
  • First Measles Vaccine

    First Measles Vaccine
    The measles vaccine was prepared and developed by Leonard Hayflick.
  • First Mumps Vaccine

    First Mumps Vaccine
    Maurice Hilleman, a Merck microbiologist, is credited with having invented the first usable vaccine against mumps.
  • First Heart Transplant

    First Heart Transplant
    Groote Schuur Hospital was placed centre stage in the world's spotlight when Professor Christiaan Barnard performed the first human heart transplant on the third of December 1967. Sadly, Mr Louis Washkansky (pictured left) only lived for 18 days, succumbing in the end to pneumonia. His new heart beat strongly to the end.
  • Rubella Vaccine

    Rubella Vaccine
    Stanley Plotkin was a part of the discovery of the vaccine against rubella virus while working at Wistar Institute in Philadelphia.
  • MMR Vaccine

    MMR Vaccine
    Dr. Maurice Hilleman of Merck & Co., developed the MMR vaccine, which treats measles, mumps and rubella in a single shot followed by a booster.
  • CAT Scan Invented

    CAT Scan Invented
    The first clinical CT scan on a patient took place on 1st October 1971 at Atkinson Morley's Hospital, in London, England. The patient, a lady with a suspected frontal lobe tumour, was scanned with a prototype scanner, developed by Godfrey Hounsfield and his team at EMI Central Research Laboratories in Hayes, west London.
  • First Chicken Pox Vaccine

    First Chicken Pox Vaccine
    A chicken pox vaccine was first developed by Michiaki Takahashi from the Oka strain.
  • First Pneumonia Vaccine

    First Pneumonia Vaccine
    Dr. Robert Austrian developed a pneumonia vaccine that has saved the lives of hundreds of thousands of people.
  • Bionic Ear

    The Bionic Ear was invented by Professor Graeme Clark and a team of scientists. They worked in Melbourne, Australia. The Bionic Ear is worn by over 20,000 deaf people in over 55 countries.
  • First Test-Tube Baby

    First Test-Tube Baby
    On July 25, 1978, Louise Joy Brown, the world's first successful "test-tube" baby was born in Great Britain. Though the technology that made her conception possible was heralded as a triumph in medicine and science, it also caused many to consider the possibilities of future ill-use.
  • First Meningitis Vaccine

    First Meningitis Vaccine
    The Meningitis Vaccine was invented my Listrad Munibell. He was England's best docter in 1895. He was trying some new formulas and accidentally invented the vaccine for meningitis
  • Smallpox Gone

    Smallpox Gone
    Smallpox wasn't around anymore.
  • First Hepititis B Vaccine

    First Hepititis B Vaccine
    The founders of the Hepititis B Vaccine is Baruch in 1981.
  • HIV Identified

    HIV Identified
    HIV, the virus that causes AIDS, is identified by Cruikshank, Raina, Blanchard and Adler.
  • Fingerprinting Method

    Fingerprinting Method
    Alec Jeffreys devises a genetic fingerprinting method
  • Artificial Kidney Dialysis Machine

    Artificial Kidney Dialysis Machine
    Willem J. Kolff invented the artificial kidney dialysis machine. He became professor emeritus of internal medicine.
  • Firsat Vaccine for Hepatitis A

    Firsat Vaccine for Hepatitis A
    The first successful vaccine against it was invented by Maurice Hilleman at Merck.The vaccine protects against the virus in more than 95% of cases and provides protection from the virus for at least ten years.
  • First Clone

    First Clone
    Dolly the sheep becomes the first clone. Dolly was the first clone produced from a cell taken from an adult mammal.
  • First Vaccine for Cause of Cancer

    First Vaccine for Cause of Cancer
    First vaccine to target a cause of cancer