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Medical History Timeline

  • Oct 6, 1040

    Gunpowder Invented

    Gunpowder Invented
    The Chinese invented gunpowder as early as the 9th century, but the first found written formula for it was discovered in 1040. Gunpowder lead to gunshot wounds which gave way to new medical treatments.
  • Oct 6, 1440

    Printing Press Invented

    Printing Press Invented
    Invented by Johannes Gutenberg, the printing process was now perfected which made for an easy, fast, and efficient way to print many copies of a document at ones. Made books possible and more knowledge was shared.
  • Oct 5, 1452

    Leonardo da Vinci

    Leonardo da Vinci
    Born in 1452, Leonardo da Vinci was a world famous artist who also ended up dissecting dead people and drawing out the way the body looked on the inside. This lead to better understanding of the way the human body works.
  • Apr 1, 1578

    William Harvey

    William Harvey
    Born in 1578 and died in 1657described the circulation of blood to and from the heart during his lifetime.
  • Anton Von Leeuwenhoek

    Anton Von Leeuwenhoek
    Known as the father of microbiology, he invented the microscope. He is also famous for his research on single celled organisms.
  • Gabriel Farenheit

    Gabriel Farenheit
    He was a physicist, engineer, and glass blower who ended up inventing the mercury thermometer and naming it after himself.
  • Benjamin Franklin

    Benjamin Franklin
    Most known for discovering electricity, Benjamin Franklin also created the "bi-focal" in 1784.
  • Edward Jenner

    Edward Jenner
    In 1796 he developed a vaccine for smallpox by experimenting with cow pox.
  • Chemical Batteries Invented

    Chemical Batteries Invented
    Alessandro Volta developed the chemical battery in 1800 which is still around today, used in many small technological devices, especially in the medical field.
  • Rene Laennec

    Rene Laennec
    He invented the stethoscope in 1816 which led to better diagnosis of heart problems.
  • Florence Nightingale

    Florence Nightingale
    Born in 1820, Florence Nightingale is known as the founder of modern nursing. She established a nursing school in 1860.
  • Robert Kock

    Robert Kock
    Born in 1843, Robert Koch developed the culture plate metiod to identify pathogens in his lifetime. He's also well known for isolating the tuberculosis bacteria.
  • Elizabeth Blackwell

    Elizabeth Blackwell
    She became the first woman to qualify as a doctor in the U.S. and she also was the one who inspired Nightingale to go into nursing which led to the care of many mentally ill patients.
  • Gregory Mendel

    Gregory Mendel
    First experimented heredity by observing pea plants and went on to discover and establish the patterns of heredity.
  • Sigmund Freud

    Sigmund Freud
    He studied the effects of the unconscious mind on the body. He helped to develop the practice of psychology and psychiatry because he was determined the mind and body work together.
  • Louis Pasteur

    Louis Pasteur
    Louis Pasteur developed the process of pasteurizing which elimnated the dangerous disease-causing bacterias in milk which led to safer drinking.
  • Plastic Invented

    Plastic Invented
    The first plastic was invented by Alexander Parkes in 1862 when he presented it in London. Plastic is now used in many different types of medical equipment and/or supplies; ie: prescription bottles, breathing tubes, hospital beds.
  • Dorthea Dix

    Dorthea Dix
    Most known for work in the battlefield as an Army nurse. She also is famous for working with mentally ill patients.
  • Clara Barton

    Clara Barton
    Clara Barton founded the American Red Cross in 1881 which aids people in donations of blood, food, and money.
  • Joseph Lister

    Joseph Lister
    He was an English surgeon who was the developer of antiseptic surgery and was one of the first people to believe in sterilizing medical equipment, preventing the spread of serious diseases and bacterias.
  • Antitoxins Invented

    Antitoxins Invented
    Emil Von Behring discovers the antitoxins and works with them and uses them to aid in his development of different vaccines for diptheria and tetanus.
  • William Roentgen

    William Roentgen
    William Roentgen discovered X-Rays in 1895.
  • Marie Curie Isolates Radium

    Marie Curie Isolates Radium
    Also known as the "mother of modern physics" Marie Curie discovered how to isolate radium in 1910.
  • First Successful Helicopter

    First Successful Helicopter
    The helicopter was invented in 1784 by French inventers, but was perfected by Igor Sikorsky and in 1910, the helicopter had its first successful flight. This eventually lead to air lifts to hospitals with more advanced care.
  • Gas Mask Invented

    Gas Mask Invented
    James Bert Garner invented the modernized gas mask back in 1915 when he was told about the tear gas droppings in Britain during World War 1.
  • Alexander Fleming

    Alexander Fleming
    In 1928, Alexander Fleming discovered and developed Penicillin, the most popular and widely used antibiotic.
  • Electronical Computers Developed

    Electronical Computers Developed
    This was when the world's first electronical computers were developed and actually worked. This is an important social event because today in the medical field, patient's critical health information can be stored on these computers and found with ease.
  • Albert Sabin

    Albert Sabin
    Created an oral version of the polio vaccine and was proven more efficient than Salk's injectional vaccine.
  • Jonas Salk

    Jonas Salk
    Polio was considered the most frightening disease at the time and Salk was able to come up with a vaccine to prevent this dreadful ailment in 1952.
  • Christian Barnard

    Christian Barnard
    Performed the world's first successful human to human heart transplant.
  • First Test Tube Baby

    First Test Tube Baby
    Louise Joy Brown was the first ever successful test tube baby through invitro fertilization and was born in Great Britain.
  • Cell Phones Become Popular

    Cell Phones Become Popular
    Cell phones were already invented in Japan in the 70's, but they didn't become worldwide until 1983. The cell phone is an important social event that deals with the medical field because these days in an emergency people call 911 with their cell phones, making the rescue much faster than if one had to run to a standard land line before calling for help.
  • Gene Therapy

    Gene Therapy
    Diseases are treated by the insertion of genes into cells and tissues of a person, in hopes of beating the hereditary diseases.
  • First Mammal Cloned

    First Mammal Cloned
    "Dolly" the sheep was the first mammal to successfully be cloned. She was "born" in 1996 and lived until 2003.
  • Bush Votes Against Stem Cell Research

    Bush Votes Against Stem Cell Research
    Bush believed that stem cell research crossed a "moral boundary" and used his veto power to vote against the bill allowing the research in the United States.