The History of Blood

  • 170

    B.C. Galen's Research

    Dissecting and experimenting on animals Galen proves that arteries contain blood and suggests that the system of arteries and veins are completely distinct, and he also predicts that blood forms in the liver and travels through the veins to all parts of the body and passes between the ventricles through pores in the septum.
  • 300

    B.C. Herophilus's Discovery

    In Alexandria, Egypt, Herophilus was one of the first Greek anatomists to publicly dissect human cadavers and in doing so he discovered that arteries are thicker than veins and carry blood.
  • 350

    B.C. Aristotle's Theory

    The Greek philosopher Aristotle theorized that the heart is the central organ of the body and for that reson he presumed that the heart was the seat of the soul.
  • 400

    B.C. Hippocrates Theory

    Hippocrates theorized that the body is comprised of four humors, blood, phlegm, black bile, and yellow bile, and that their imbalances are what causes disease.
  • 450

    B.C. Empedocles Theory

    The Greek philosopher of Sicily, Empedocles believed that the heart controled the emotions of a human being.
  • 500

    B.C. Alcmaeon's Discovery

    In 500 B.C. Alcmaeon, of Croton, discovers that arteries and veins are dissimilar, by dissecting animals.
  • Feb 22, 1555

    Andres Vesalius critism

    Andreas Vesalius acuses Galen of being wrong in works dealing with detailing human anatomy
  • Fabricius Research on Vein Valves

    Fabricius publishes his work on valves in the vein, which had the first drawing of vein valves
  • Jan Swammerdam Observation

    Jan Swammerdam is the first person to see and decrbe red blood cells
  • Marcello Malpighi Viewing of the Capillary System

    Marcello Malpighi observes the capillary system using a rudimentary microscope
  • Richard Lower's Transfusion

    In England, Richard Lower performs the first recorded blood transfusion in animals. Richard Lower performs the first known blood transfusion on an animal
  • Drs. Richard Lower and Edmund King Transfusion

    Drs. Richard Lower and Edmund King give Arthur Coga, a transfusion of several ounces of sheep's blood and the patient recovers nicely.
  • Anton van Leeuwenhoek and Blood Cells

    Anton van Leeuwenhoek discovers the size of red blood cells
  • William Hewson's Research

    William Hewson describes his research on blood coagulation
  • Physick's Blood Transfusion

    Philip Syng Physick is said to be the first to perform a human-to-human blood transfusion,
  • Sir Williams Discovery

    Sir William Osler discovered that small cell in the bone marrow make up the bulk in blood clots.
  • Dr.Landsteiners and his Colleagues Discovery

    Dr. Landsteiner's colleagues Alfred von Decastello and Adriano Sturli discovered a fourth blood group -- AB
  • Dr. Reuben Ottenberg Transfusion with Cross Matching

    Dr. Reuben Ottenberg operates the first transfuion using cross matching and has used this method over the next several years
  • Hustin and Agote's Discover

    Scientists Albert Hustin and Luis Agote discover that adding sodium citrate to blood will prevent it from clotting.
  • Francis Peyton Rous and J.R. Turner's Method

    Francis Peyton Rous and J.R. Turner develop a citrate-glucose solution that allows blood to be reserved for a few weeks after its obtain and still remain viable for transfusion.
  • Dr. Oswald Robertson's establishment

    Dr. Oswald Robertson establishes the first blood depot.
  • Dr. Serge Yudin Test

    Dr. Serge Yudin is the first to test the efficacy of transfusing humans with cadaver blood.
  • Dr. Norman Bethune foundation

    Dr. Norman Bethune, organizes The Spanish-Canadian Blood Transfusion Institute.
  • Drs. Karl Landsteiner and Alexander Wiener Discover

    Drs. Karl Landsteiner and Alexander Wiener discover the Rh blood group, and identify the antibody found by Levine and Steston to be anti-Rh.
  • Edwin Cohn's Method

    Edwin Cohn invents a method to separate the different proteins in liquid protein
  • Dr. Walter's invention

    Trained surgeon Dr. Carl W. Walter, develops a plastic bag for collecting blood.
  • Dr. Peruts Discover

    Dr. Max Perutz is able to unravel the structure of hemoglobin through the use of X-ray crystallography.
  • Drs. Kenneth M. Brinkhous and Edward Shanbrom Experiment

    Drs. Kenneth M. Brinkhous and Edward Shanbrom produce a highly concentrated form of Factor VIII.
  • Dr. Baruch Blumberg Research

    Dr. Baruch Blumberg identifies a substance on the surface of the hepatitis B virus that causes the production of antibodies. His work leads to the creation of a test to detect the presence of hepatitis B antibodies, in which is used for identifying infected donors.
  • AIDS

    The first cases of a AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) are reported.
  • Dr. Bruce Evatt Theory

    Dr. Bruce Evatt, begins to suspect that the syndrome of AIDS may be blood borne and presents his theories at a meeting of a group of the U.S. Public Health Service in July.
  • AIDS Isolation

    Scientist at Dr. Luc Montagnier's lab at the Institute Pasteur, in France, isolate the virus that causes AIDS.
  • Dr. Robert Gallo's Discovery

    Dr. Robert Gallo announces that he has identified the virus that causes AIDS, and calls it HTLV III
  • The First Blood Screening Test

    The first blood screening test to detect the presence or absence of HIV antibodies or the ELISA test is conducted on several patients who may have AIDS
  • B.C. Egyptians blood techniques

    In 2500 B.C. the Egyptians from Memphis, Egypt used bleeding to help treat there patients.