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history of medicine

  • 130

    130 AD Birth of Galen. Greek physician

    Birth of Galen. Greek physician to gladiators and Roman emperors
  • 280

    280 BC

    Herophilus studies the nervous system
  • 300

    300 BC the first known anatomy book

    Diocles wrote the first known anatomy book
  • 460

    460 BC Birth of Hippocrates, the Greek father of medicine

    Birth of Hippocrates, the Greek father of medicine begins the scientific study of medicine and prescribes a form of aspirin
  • 500

    500 BC Alcmaeon of Croton distinguished veins from arteries

    Alcmaeon of Croton distinguished veins from arteries
  • Feb 3, 910

    910 Persian physician Rhazes identifies smallpox

    Persian physician Rhazes identifies smallpox
  • Feb 10, 1249

    Roger Bacon invents spectacles

    Roger Bacon invents spectacles
    Roger Bacon invents spectacles
  • Feb 10, 1489

    Leonardo da Vinci dissects corpses

    1489 Leonardo da Vinci dissects corpses
  • Feb 10, 1543

    Vesalius publishes findings on human anatomy in De Fabrica Corporis Humani

    1543 Vesalius publishes findings on human anatomy in De Fabrica Corporis Humani
  • Zacharius Jannssen invents the microscope

    1590 Zacharius Jannssen invents the microscope
  • William Harvey publishes An Anatomical Study

    1628 William Harvey publishes An Anatomical Study of the Motion of the Heart and of the Blood in Animals which forms the basis for future research on blood vessels, arteries and the heart
  • Sir Christopher Wren experiments with canine blood transfusions

    Sir Christopher Wren experiments with canine blood transfusions
  • Anton van Leeuwenhoek discovers blood cells

    1670 Anton van Leeuwenhoek discovers blood cells
  • Anton van Leeuwenhoek observes bacteria.

    1683 Anton van Leeuwenhoek observes bacteria.
  • Giacomo Pylarini gives the first smallpox inoculations

    1701 Giacomo Pylarini gives the first smallpox inoculations
  • James Lind publishes his Treatise of the Scurvy

    1747 James Lind publishes his Treatise of the Scurvy stating that citrus fruits prevent scurvy
  • Claudius Aymand performs the first successful appendectomy

    1763 Claudius Aymand performs the first successful appendectomy
  • Edward Jenner develops the process of vaccination for smallpox, the first vaccine for any disease

    1796 Edward Jenner develops the process of vaccination for smallpox, the first vaccine for any disease
  • Sir Humphry Davy discovers the anesthetic properties of nitrous oxide

    1800 Sir Humphry Davy discovers the anesthetic properties of nitrous oxide
  • James Blundell performs the first successful transfusion of human blood

    1816 James Blundell performs the first successful transfusion of human blood
  • James Blundell performs the first successful transfusion of human blood

    1818 James Blundell performs the first successful transfusion of human blood
  • Crawford W. Long uses ether as a general anesthetic

    1842 Crawford W. Long uses ether as a general anesthetic
  • Dr. Horace Wells uses nitrous oxide as an anesthetic

    1844 Dr. Horace Wells uses nitrous oxide as an anesthetic
  • William Morton, a dentist

    1846 William Morton, a dentist, is the first to publish the process of using anesthetic properties of nitrous oxide
  • Ignaz Semmelweis discovers how to the prevent the transmission

    1847 Ignaz Semmelweis discovers how to the prevent the transmission of puerperal fever
  • Elizabeth Blackwell is the first woman to gain a medical degree from Geneva Medical College in New York

    1849 Elizabeth Blackwell is the first woman to gain a medical degree from Geneva Medical College in New York
  • Charles Gabriel Pravaz and Alexander Wood develop the syringe

    1853 Charles Gabriel Pravaz and Alexander Wood develop the syringe
  • Louis Pasteur identifies germs as cause of disease

    1857 Louis Pasteur identifies germs as cause of disease
  • Joseph Lister develops the use of antiseptic surgical methods and publishes Antiseptic Principle of the Practice of Surgery

    1867 Joseph Lister develops the use of antiseptic surgical methods and publishes Antiseptic Principle of the Practice of Surgery
  • Robert Koch and Louis Pasteur establish the germ theory of disease

    1870 Robert Koch and Louis Pasteur establish the germ theory of disease
  • First vaccine developed for cholera

    1879 First vaccine developed for cholera
  • First vaccine developed for anthrax by Louis Pasteur

    1881First vaccine developed for anthrax by Louis Pasteur
  • First vaccine for developed for rabies by Louis Pasteur

    1882 First vaccine for developed for rabies by Louis Pasteur
  • First contact lenses developed

    1887 First contact lenses developed
  • Emil von Behring discovers antioxins and develops tetanus and diphtheria vaccines

    1890 Emil von Behring discovers antioxins and develops tetanus and diphtheria vaccines
  • Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen discovers X rays

    1895 Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen discovers X rays
  • First vaccine developed for typhoid fever

    1896 First vaccine developed for typhoid fever
  • First vaccine developed for Bubonic plague

    1897 First vaccine developed for Bubonic plague
  • Felix Hoffman develops aspirin

    1899 Felix Hoffman develops aspirin
  • Insulin first used to treat diabetes.

    1922 Insulin first used to treat diabetes.
  • First vaccine developed for diphtheria.

    1923 First vaccine developed for diphtheria.