The History of Blood

  • 130

    Claudius Galenus

    Claudius Galenus
    Proved that blood was found in the arteries by doing experiments on animals. He set the path for future centuries of discovery.
  • Jan 1, 1200

    Pulmonary circulation

    Pulmonary circulation
    Pulmonary circulation was discoverd in the mid-1200's. which is how the blood flows to anf from the lungs,
  • Veins

    Fabricius makes the first drawings of vein valves and publishes his work ON THE VALVES IN VEINS.
  • Blood circulation

    Blood circulation
    William Harvey describes that blood is pumped by the heart and circulates within the body.
  • Red Blood Cells

    Red Blood Cells
    The first person to observe and describe red blood cells is Jan Swammerdam.
  • Capillary System

    Capillary System
    Marcello Malpighi observes the capillary system, the network of fine vessels that connect the veins and the arteries.
  • Animal Blood Transfusion

    Animal Blood Transfusion
    The first blood transfusion on animals is made with dogs, by Richard Lower.
  • Red Blood cells

    Red Blood cells
    Anton van Leeuwenhoek further observes red blood cells. He is widley credited with the discovery.
  • William H.

    William Hewson researches blood coagulation and isolates a substance from plasma, fibrogen.
  • Human Blood Transfusion

    Human Blood Transfusion
    Philip Syng Physick performs the first human-to- human blood transfusion, but his work is not published.
  • Human Blood Transfusion

    Human Blood Transfusion
    James Blundell performs the frist recorded human blood transfusion. He injects a patient with donated blood from several people but, ater improving the patient dies.
  • Platelets

    Sir William Osler studies cell fragments, later known as platelets, that make up clots formed in blood vesles.
  • Blood Groups

    Blood Groups
    Karl Landsteine discovers three main human blood groups A, B, and C, later known as O. He detects different antibodies in groups A & B that are both in C (O).
  • AB Blood type

    Alfred von Decastello and Adriano Sturli discover a fourth blood group (AB). It causes agglutination in the red cells of both A & B.
  • Blood tests

    Ludvig Hektoen recommends blood tests for donors and recipients for signs of incompatibility before transfusion.
  • Blood clotting

    Blood clotting
    Albert Hustin and Luis Agote discover that adding sodium citrate to blood will prevents clotting.
  • Richard Lewisohn

     Richard Lewisohn
    Dr. Richard discovers that citrated blood can be stored in the refrigerator and stored for a few days before being transfused.
  • Blood

    Francis Peyton Rous and J.R. Turner make a citrate-glucose solution that allows blood to be longer and still be good for a transfusion.
  • Blood depot

    Blood depot
    Oswald Robertson establishes the first blood depot, helping with casualties during WW1.
  • Blood Doner Service

    Blood Doner Service
    Percy Lane Oliver starts a blood doner service out of his home. he take measyres to ensure the saftey but screening for diseses.
  • Cadaver Blood Transfusions

    Dr. Serge Yudin tests transfusing humans with cadaver blood. His discoveris are a sucess and he esuscitates a young man.
  • Transfusion service

    A group of anesthesiologists organize a transfusion service and are the first to begin storing citrated blood and utilizing it for transfusions within a hospital setting in the U.S.
  • Barcelona Blood-Transfusion Service

    Barcelona Blood-Transfusion Service
    Established by Federico Duran-Jorda, the service collects blood, tests it, orginizes by group, preserves it, and takes it to front line hospitals during the Spanish Civil war.
  • "Blood Bank"

    "Blood Bank"
    Dr. Bernard Fantus comes up with the term "Blood bank" to describe blood donation. He establishes one at a hospital in Chicago.
  • Plasma

    Charles Drew developes a way to separate and preserve blood plasma. He performs tests, and store plasma for the Red Cross.
  • War Effort

    War Effort
    The Amrican Red Cross establishes a blood donating service to contribute and help the war.
  • American Association of Blood Banks

    American Association of Blood Banks
    Community blood banks uniite to make a national network of blood banks. (AABB)
  • Storing blood

    Storing blood
    Carl W. Walter makes a plastic bag that can be used to store/ collect blood. Before this blood had to be stored in a glass container.
  • Hemoglobin

    Max Perutz uses X-ray crystallography to unravel the structure of hemoglobin, which is the protein in red blood cells responsible for carrying oxygen.
  • FDA

    Bood banking industry was regulated by the Division of Biologics Standards (DBS) but then transferd to the Food and Drug Administration (FDS)
  • Hepatitis B

    Hepatitis B
    Dr. Baruch Blumberg develops a test to find hepatitis B antibodies which identifies infected donors; the test is mandated by the FDA.
  • AIDS

    The first cases of AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) are reported; before it was renamed AIDS it was GRID (Gay-related Immunodeficiency Disease).
  • AIDS

    Researchers in france isolate the virus that causes AIDS. They identify it in the swollen lymph node and label it LAV (lymphadenopathy-associated virus).
  • AIDS- (virus discovery)

    AIDS- (virus discovery)
    Robert Gallo identifies the virus that causes AIDS, he calls it HTLV III (human T-cell lymphotropic virus).
  • AIDS

    Many Americans are infected with AIDS from blood transfusions, the first blood-screening test to detect the presence or absence of HIV antibodies is crated; the test is adopted by American blood banks.
  • More testing

    More testing
    More tests are developed and experimented to screen donated blood for infectious diseases.