The First strict measure for control of public hygience were instituted
Oct 6, 1252
Roger Bacon: optics and remedies
Roger bacon promoted chemical remedies to treat disease, he also researched optics and bending of light rays
Oct 10, 1267
Gunpowder was first noted in a book. It was invented by the Chinese in the year 1000 AD
Period: Jan 1, 1300 to Jan 1, 1399
1300s First Dissection
The first dissection of the human corpse
Period: Jan 1, 1400 to Jan 1, 1499
Regualtions of Midwives
the First recorded regulations for midwives
Jan 1, 1440
The first chairs of medicince
Oxford and Cambridge colleges in England created the first position of authority or chairs of medicine
Oct 6, 1450
Johannes Gutenberg: creation of the printing press
The development of the printing press by Gutenberg empowered people to spread their knowlege
Jan 1, 1492
Michelangelo and Leonardo Da Vinci used dissection in order to draw the human body more realistically
Period: Jan 1, 1500 to
Study of Anatomy in 1500s
The First scientific study of human anatomy was published
Oct 6, 1541
The first human anatomy book was published Andresase Vesalius
Oct 6, 1551
The Father of Modern Surgery: Ambrosie Pare improved surgery
Pare a french surgeon establshed the use of ligutures to bind arteries and stop bllding, eliminatd use of boiling oild to cauterize wounds, and he also improved the treatment of fractures and promoted us of artifical limbs.
Jan 1, 1557
Gabriel fallopius: discovered fallioian tubes in women
Fallipius identified the fallopian tubes in females
Described the tympanic membanein the ear
Oct 6, 1567
Micheal Servetus: studies the organs and their systems
Servetus descrbied the circulatory system in the lungs, he also explained how digestion is a sourve of heat for the body
Blood Cirulation in 1600s
Blood circulation was first described
Bacteria was discovered
Willam Harvey: Blood Circulation and Heart
Willam Harvey described the circulation of blood to and from the heart.
Anton van Leeuwenhoek: Microscope
Anton van Leeuwenhoek invemted the microscope.
Law for Medical Practiitoners
First Law requiring licensed medical practitioners
Obstetrics established as a sperarate branch of medicine
Gabriel Fahrenheit: Mercury Thermometer
Gabriel Fahrenheit created the first mercury thermometer
End of Middle Ages
Medicine and science are reborn after to dark and middle ages in history
The First Automobile: Nicolas Joseph Cugnot
A three wheel car, powered by steam, with an average speed of 2.3mph,
Benjamin Franklin: bifocals
Ben Franklin invented the bifocals for glasses
Small Pox vaccine
the Vaccine against Smallpox was developed by Edward Jenner
Rene Laennec: Stethescope
Rene Laennec invented the Stethescope in 1819
Ignaz Semmelweis: Hygiene
Semmelweis encouraged physicians to was their hands with limie after performing autopsiesand before delivering vavies to prevent puerperal fever, but his idea was rejected.
First Practical Anesthetic
The First practical anesthetic, ether was introduced
Dr. William Morton: Ether
Dr william Morton, and American Dentist began to use ether as an anteseptic.
(Picture) illustration of William Morton using ether.
Elizabeth Blackwell: Physician
Elizabeth Blackwell was the first female physician in the United States
Sigmund Freud "The Father of Genetics"
Sigmund Freund studied the effects of the unconscious mind on the body. He determined that the mind and body work toether. His studies were the basis of psychology and psychiatry. Sig
Dorethea Dix: Battlefield nurse
-worked as a nurse on the battlefield during the Civil War
-she is also known for her work with mental institutions and hospitals
the Germ therory was first introduced by Louis pasteur and Robert Hoch
Clara Barton-Red Cross
Clara Barton founded the American Red Cross in 1881, Barton was also known for her job as a nurse in the battle field. She became nicknamed the "Angel of the Battlefield."
Sigmund Freud: Father of Pyschology
Lived from 1856-1839
Came up with pyschology, and pschyiatry
Marie Curie isolated radium in 1910 but died from the posioning of isolating it.
The Discovery of Penicillin
Alexander Fleming discvered penicillin, the first antibiotic. This was considered one of the most important discoveries in the 1900s.
First Alteration of the Polio Virus
Jones Salk discovered an altered polio virus vaccine.
Second Polio Vaccine
Albert Sabin created the oral polio vaccine, whic was more effective that Salk's vaccine.
Louise Brown: invetro fetilization
Louise Brown was the first baby born using invetro fertilization. Became known as the "test tube baby"
Dolly the Sheep
A sheep was cloned, and named Dolly
Arab physician Rhazes becomes Known as Arab Hippocrates
Rhazes based diagnoses on observations of the signs and symptoms of disease
Rhazes developed criteria for distinguished between smallpox and measles
Suggested blood was the cause of many infectious diseases
Began the use of animal gut for suture material