History of Blood

  • Feb 20, 1200


    mid 1200's Eminent Cairo physician discovered and described pulmonary circulation, the flow of blood to and from the lungs.
  • Feb 23, 1200

    physician from cairo

    1200 A physician from Cairo came up with his own theories after a dissection, he discovered pulmonary circulation which means that he found that blood flows to and from the lungs.
  • First Drawings of Vein Valves

    1603 An anatomist from Padua, Fabricius, introduced his work ON THE VALVES IN VEINS, which featured the first ever drawings of vein valves.
  • William Harvey

    William Harvey publishes EXERCITATIO ANATOMICA DE MOTU CORDIS ET SANGUINIS IN ANIMALIBUS (ANATOMICAL TREATISE ON THE MOVEMENT OF THE HEART AND BLOOD IN ANIMALS) where he explains how blood ciculates and how the heart pumps the blood
  • First to observe Red Blood Cells

    1658 A 21-year-old Dutch microscopist,Jan Swammerdam, was thought to be the first person to observe and describe red blood cells.
  • Capillary system

    An italian anatomist studied the capillary system under a microscope only find out that there were vessels that consisted of veins and arteriesCapillary system
  • First Blood Transfusion

    1665 In England, Richard Lower performed the first ever recorded blood transfusion in animals. With crude syringe made of goose quill, he connected the jugular vein of a dog who bled into the neck artery of the second dog.
  • Dr. Denis sues!

    Dr. Denis sues Antoine Mauroy's widow in 1668 for slandering his reputation.
  • Red Blood Cells

    Anton van Leeuwenhoek, provided a very precise description of red blood cells using a microscope for his research. approximating that theyre "25,000 times smaller than a fine grain of sand."
  • Failed human to human blood transfusion.

    On December 22, 1818, physiologist James Blundell performed the first recorded human-to-human blood transfusion. with a syringe, he injected 12 to 14 ounces of blood to a patient who suffered from internal bleeding. the blood came from many donors. The patient eventually died.
  • Karl Landsteiner

    in 1901, Karl Landsteiner published a paper detailing his discoveries of the different blood types. A, B, C, and O.
  • Blood Type AB

    1902 After discivering blood type A and B, Landsteiner and his colleagues believe they can be fused together to create blood type AB
  • Pre blood transfusion

    1907 Dr. Hecktoen recommends that blood types should be checked before any blood transfusion.
  • Prevention of clotting

    1914 Researches found that adding sodium citrate to ones blood will prevent clotting.
  • Sodium Citrate

    1915 Dr. Richard Lewisohn combined sodium citrate with a donors blood to prevent it from coagulating.
  • Blood Depot

    1917 During WWI a doctor serving blood in the army in order to save soldiers created the first blood depot.
  • Percy Lane Oliver blood donating

    1922 Percy Lane Oliver created a home based blood donating service in London. He recruits volunteers who agree to be on 24-hour call and to travel to local hospitals to give blood as the need arises.
  • First organized transfusion service

    The first organized trasfusion service was held in a mayo clinic in Rochester
  • "Blood Bank"

    1937 Dr. Bernard Fantus created the term "blood bank" to describe the collection and preservation of blood in blood donations.
  • Unknown antibody

    1939 After a woman gave birth, her blood was tested and researches found a brand new unknown antibody that was never discovered.
  • Plasma campaign

    1940 when a shortage of plasma occurs, a campaign is thrown to preserve the plasma
  • Rh blood discovery

    1939-1940 Karl Landsteiner and Alexander Wiener discovered the Rh blood group through a series of experiments of red blood cells on Rhesus monkeys.
  • Red Cross

    1941 Red cross was established when plasma was needed for the war.
  • Nation Blood Banks

    1947 Owners of blood banks all over the country teamed up to create a national network leading to more research and more findings
  • The Plastic Bag

    1948 Dr. Carl W. Walter a trained surgeon revolutionized blood collection by inventing the plastic bag which made the collection much easier, portable, and better kept considering that they would keep blood in glass bottles prior to this invention. the glass bottles let the blood be more gullible and open to infection and contamination.
  • Structure of Hemogoblin

    1959 Dr Max Perutz was able to figure out the structure of hemogoblin, the protein in red blood cells that carry oxygen. All through the use of x-ray crystallography
  • Frozen plasma

    1965 Dr. Judith Pool studied that frozen plasma and found that it had more clotting than normal plasma
  • FDA

    1971 FDA decides to take over blood banking industry. tests were mandated
  • AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome).

    1981 AIDS was first known as GRID (Gay-related Immunodeficiency Disease), due to its prevalence among gay men. Was later renamed as AIDS.
  • Screening tests

    The first ever screening test was performed due to the spread of AIDS from blood Transfusions.
  • Original AIDS discovery

    1987 After dozens of Americans are infected with AIDS from blood transfusions, legal battles over who originally discovered AIDS, eventually both US and French governments agreed to share credit as well as sales for health kits.
  • First Discoveries

    350 BCE Due to many anial dissections, greek philosopher aristotle concluded that the heart, a three-chambered organ, was the central organ of he body or what he called the seat of the soul.
  • First Human Dissection

    300 BCE One of the first to dissect a human was Herophilus of Chalcedon, of Alexandria, Egypt then determined that arteries were thicker than veins and that they also carry blood.
  • Alcmaeon of Croton

    500 BCE . Greek thinker, Alcmaeon of Croton, observedthat arteries and veins are dissimilar.
  • Empedocles

    400-450 BC Greek philosopher Empedocles believed that the heart was the organ of sense and that it had 4 roots