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History of Health Care

  • 100

    Romans beginning public health and sanitation systems

    Romans beginning public health and sanitation systems
    It was a system of thirteen aqueducts which provided the people of Rome with water of varying quality. Waste flushed from the latrines flowed through a central channel into the main sewage system and then into a nearby river or stream. (800 BC)
  • 100

    Chinese used acupuncture to relieve pain and congestion.

    Chinese used acupuncture to relieve pain and congestion.
    During 200 BCE, Chinese started using acupuncture to relieve pain and congestion. Hieroglyphs and pictographs from the Shang Dynasty, dating 1600 - 1100 BCE, suggest that acupuncture was practiced at that time also.
  • Jan 1, 900

    Rhazes was an Arab physician who began the use of animal gut for suture material.

    Rhazes was an Arab physician who began the use of animal gut for suture material.
    Rhazes, an Arab physician, began the use of animal gut for suture material.
  • Jan 1, 1440

    The Printing Press was invented.

    The Printing Press was invented.
    The printing press was invented in the Holy Roman Empire by the German Johannes Gutenberg around 1440, based on existing screw presses.
  • Apr 15, 1482

    Leonardo da Vinci

    Leonardo da Vinci
    Was the artist who used dissection to draw the human body and many many more areas of artistry. He is also considered to be one of the greatest painters of all time and perhaps the most diversely talented person ever to have lived.
  • William Harvey, discribed the circulation of blood to and from the heart

    William Harvey, discribed the circulation of blood to and from the heart
    He described completely and in detail the systemic circulation and properties of blood being pumped to the body by the heart. After his death the William Harvey Hospital was constructed in the town of Ashford, several miles from his birthplace of Folkestone. He also wrote the book "De Motu cordis" which explained in detail what he came up with.
  • Sir Christopher Wren experiments with canine blood transfusions

    Sir Christopher Wren experiments with canine blood transfusions
    He devised a blood transfusion method which he demonstrated by transfusing blood from one dog to another.
  • Anton van Leeuwenhoek discovers blood cells

    Anton van Leeuwenhoek discovers blood cells
    the Father of Microbiology", and considered to be the first microbiologist. He was the first to observe and describe single-celled organisms.
  • Gabriel Fahrenheit created the first mercury thermometer.

    Gabriel Fahrenheit created the first mercury thermometer.
    Fahrenheit is the temperature scale created by Gabriel Fahrenheit. Within this scale, the freezing of water into ice is defined at 32 degrees, while the boiling point of water is defined to be 212 degrees.
  • Edward Jenner developed a vaccine for smallpox.

    Edward Jenner developed a vaccine for smallpox.
    The smallpox vaccine was the first to ever be developed. Jenner acted upon his observation that the milkmaids who caught the cowpox virus didn't catch smallpox. Before smallpox was widespread, the death rates were high, and Jenner found a way to lower them.
  • Sir Humphry Davy discovers the anesthetic properties of nitrous oxide

    Sir Humphry Davy discovers the anesthetic properties of nitrous oxide
    Discovered the elemental nature of chlorine and iodine. He wrote a paper explaining what he came up with and how it will contribute to the world. This paper was central to any chemical affinity theory in the first half of the nineteenth century
  • Charles Gabriel Pravaz and Alexander Wood develop the syringe

    Charles Gabriel Pravaz and Alexander Wood develop the syringe
    Irish physician Francis Rynd invented the hollow needle. In 1853, French physician Charles Pravaz developed the first practical metal syringe. Pravaz added a fine, hollow needle to the end of his syringe instead of the tube.
  • Florence Nightengale is the founder of modern nursing.

    Florence Nightengale is the founder of modern nursing.
    Florence Nightengale is the founder of modern nursing. She transformed nursing into a respectable profession and set the standards for clean, safe hospitals in the world.
  • Louis Pasteur, began pasteurizizng milk to kill bacteria

    Louis Pasteur, began pasteurizizng milk to kill bacteria
    Began pasteurizing milk to kill bacteria
  • Clara Barton founded the American Red Cross.

    Clara Barton founded the American Red Cross.
    Barton established an agency to obtain and distribute supplies to wounded soldiers. She had permission to travel between the battlefield lines in the war. She helped both the North and the South. She served as director of the American Red Cross until her death.
  • Robert Koch developed the culture plate method to identify pathogens.

    Robert Koch developed the culture plate method to identify pathogens.
    Robert Koch demonstrated a new technique called the culture plate method to identify pathogens.
  • Joseph Lister began using disinfectants and antiseptics during surgery.

    Joseph Lister began using disinfectants and antiseptics during surgery.
    Joseph Lister was a British surgeon and a pioneer of antiseptic surgery, who promoted the idea of sterile surgery while working at the Glasgow Royal Infirmary.
  • William Roentgen discovered X-rays.

    William Roentgen discovered X-rays.
    Roentgen was working with a cathode ray tube, like a flourescent light bulb. He took out the air, and replaced it with gas, passed electric voltage through it. When he did this, it produced a glow. He realized if he replaced the color inside the tube, it would give off an invisible ray. He named it the x-ray because in mathematics X is used to indicate the unknown quantity.
  • The Boer War

    The Boer War
    The Boer war was fought between Great Britain and the Boars of Transvaal (South Africa) and the nearby Orange Free State. The Boars demanded that Britain withdraw its troops who were protecting the many British citizens who had come to the country. After achieving initial success the Boers were defeated by reinforced British troops led by Field Marshal Frederick Marshalls.
  • Marie Curie isolated radium.

    Marie Curie isolated radium.
    Curie successfully isolated radioactive radium salts from the mineral pitchblende in their labratory in Paris. They also discovered the existence of the elements radium and polonium in their research of pitchblende.
  • Revolution in Portugal

    Revolution in Portugal
    After the assassination of the Republican leader, a fight broke out against the Monarchy. The fight was led by the Army and Navy. King Manuel II was forced to leave Portugal for England.
  • World War I started.

    World War I started.
    World War I was a global war centred in Europe that began on 28 July 1914 and lasted until 11 November 1918. It was first called the World War or the Great War until WWII, and the First World War or World War I thereafter. It involved all the world's great powers, which were assembled in two groups: the Allies and the Central Powers.
  • Gandhi- Leader of Indian Independence Movement

    Gandhi- Leader of Indian Independence Movement
    Gandhi began a nationwide speaking campaign to enlist support for the non-cooperation movement. Indians were urged to boycott foreign goods, schools, law courts, official functions and the military. The Congress organization approved Gandhi's program and converted the movement into one whose official goal was the attainment of self-rule for India by peaceful and legitimate methods.
  • Sir Alexander Fleming discovered penicillin.

    Sir Alexander Fleming discovered penicillin.
    Alexander Fleming discovered penicillin by chance, from an experiment of his that ended up getting contaminated. The mold that had contaminated the experiment turned out to contain a powerful antibiotic, penicillin.
  • World War II started.

    World War II started.
    World War II was a global war that was under way by 1939 and ended in 1945. It involved a vast majority of the world's nations, forming two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis.
  • Jonas Salk developed the polio vaccine.

    Jonas Salk developed the polio vaccine.
    Jonas Salk undertook a project to determine the number of different types of polio virus. Salk saw this as an opportunity to try to develop a vaccine for polio.
  • Leo Sternbach invented Valium.

    Leo Sternbach invented Valium.
    Leo Sternbach invented Valium in 1961.
  • United States Airlines Declares Bankrupcy

    United States Airlines Declares Bankrupcy
    The second largest US airline was suppose to protect under a Chapter 11 bankrupcy filing. The filing was the largest ever by a US airline. It loss some stemming from the September 11th attacks and difficult wars from low cost carriers such as Southwest Airlines.
  • Gregory Mendel, established the patterns of heredity

    Gregory Mendel, established the patterns of heredity
    He demonstrated the inheritance of certain traits using pea plants that led to him discovering patterns of heredity which follow the particular patterns that he came up with.
  • Hippocrates, The father of medicine

    Hippocrates, The father of medicine
    Was an ancient Greek physician of Greece, and is considered one of the most outstanding figures in the history of medicine. He is referred to as the father of Western medicine because of his lasting contributions to the field as the founder of the Hippocratic School of Medicine.
  • Dark Ages, studied medicine

    Dark Ages, studied medicine
    When emphasis was placed on saving the soul and the study of medicine was prohibited
  • Egyptians, maintained health records

    Egyptians, maintained health records
    They are the inhabitants and citizens of Egypt sharing a common culture and a dialect of Arabic. Egyptian identity is closely tied to geography. Also they are the earliest people known to maintain accurate health records.