History of blood

By TroyA97
  • Period: Jan 1, 1000 to

    History of blood

  • Aug 1, 1200

    Blood flow

    Blood flow
    Eminent Cairo who is a physcian and author Ibn al-Nafis both find out and decribe pulmonary circulation. Which is the flow of blood to and from the lungs.
  • Feb 21, 1553

    Heart to lungs

    Heart to lungs
    Spanish physician and theologian Michael Servetus suggests that blood flows from one side of the heart to the other via the lungs instead of through the wall between the ventricles
  • May 23, 1555


    Andreas Vesalius criticizes Galen in the second edition of his seven volume work detailing human anatomy.
  • Veins

    Fabricius, the anatomist from Padua, publishes his work on the valves in veins featuring the first drawings of vein valves.
  • blood

    British physician William Harvey publishes his masterpeice in which explains that blood is circulated throughout the body and is pumped by the heart.
  • Red blood cells

    Red blood cells
    A twenty-one year old microscopist names Jan Swammerdan is thought to be the first to discover,observe, and desribe red blood cells.
  • Veins

    anatomist Marcello Malpighi observes the capillary system, the network of fine vessels that connect the arteries and the veins.
  • Blood transfusion

    Blood transfusion
    In England, Richard Lower preforms the first recorded blood transfusion in animals.
  • Teenagers

    French physician Jean-Baptiste Denis transfuses a teenage boy suffering from a persistent fever with nine ounces of lamb's blood
  • Transfusion ban

    The case precipitates the French Parliament's ban on all transfusions involving humans.
  • Size

    Anton Van Leeuwenhoek a Dutch linen draper turned microscopist, says that red blood cells, guessing thier size 25,000 times smaller than a fine grain of sand.
  • First human to human

    First human to human
    James Blundell preforms the first human to human blood transfusion using a syringe.
  • Cell fragments

    Cell fragments
    Sir William Osler observes that small cell fragments from the bone marrow make up the bulk of clots formed in blood vessels these cell fragments will come to be called platelets.
  • Blood types

    Blood types
    Karl Landsteiner discovers the three main human blood groups -- A, B, and C, which he later changes to O.
  • Fourth blood group

    Fourth blood group
    Dr. Landsteiner's colleagues Alfred von Decastello and Adriano Sturli identify a fourth blood group -- AB -- that causes agglutination in the red cells of both groups "A" and "B."
  • Preventable blood clots

    researchers Albert Hustin of Brussels and Luis Agote of Buenos Aires discover that adding sodium citrate to blood will prevent it from clotting
  • Blood storage

    Blood storage
    At the Rockefeller Institute in New York, Francis Peyton Rous and J.R. Turner develop a citrate-glucose solution that allows blood to be stored for a few weeks after collection and still remain viable for transfusion.
  • Blood depot

    While serving in the U.S. Army, Dr. Oswald Robertson develops the first blood depot.
  • Cadaver

    Dr. Serge Yudin is the first to test the efficacy of transfusing humans with cadaver blood.
  • Blood -transfusion service

    physician Federico Duran-Jorda establishes the Barcelona Blood-Transfusion Service which collects blood, tests it, and sends it off to camps during the civil war.
  • "Blood Bank"

    "Blood Bank"
    Dr. Bernard Fantus coins the term "blood bank" to describe the blood donation, collection, and preservation facility.
  • Anitbody

    Drs. Philip Levine uncover an unknown antibody in the blood of a woman who's given birth factor in the blood of the fetus, inherited from the father, triggers the antibody production in the mother.
  • Blood donor service

    Blood donor service
    the Surgeon General of the U.S. Army and Navy, the American Red Cross agrees to organize a civilian blood donor service to collect blood plasma for the war effort
  • Blood bags

    Blood bags
    Dr. Carl W. Walter, a trained surgeon, develops a plastic bag for the collection of blood. Prior to this, glass bottles are used to store blood but they were to fragile.
  • Red Cross

    As an alternative to the Red Cross blood centers being set up across the country in the postwar period, directors of independent, community blood banks join together to form a national network of blood banks called the American Association of Blood Banks.
  • Oxygen

    Through the use of X-ray crystallography Dr. Max Perutz is able to unravel the structure of hemoglobin, the protein within red blood cells that carries oxygen.
  • Raw plasma

    Raw plasma
    Dr. Judith Pool discovers that slowly thawed frozen plasma yields deposits high in Factor VIII (or Antihemophilic Factor)
  • Plasma

    Kenneth M. Brinkhous pooled large quantities of plasma that generate vast amounts of cyro, which are then redissolved, treated, filtered, and centrifuged. The result is 100 times stronger than raw plasma.
  • Blood Banking industry

    Blood Banking industry
    Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare Elliot Richardson transfers the responsibility of regulating the blood banking industry from the Division of Biologics Standards (DBS) to the Food and Drug Administration (FDA).
  • GRID

    The first cases of a syndrome initially called GRID (Gay-related Immunodeficiency Disease), due to its prevalence among gay men are reported.
  • Blood borne

    Blood borne
    Bruce Evatt, a specialist in hemophilia at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention begins to suspect that the syndrome may be blood borne
  • Isolate

    Researchers at Dr. Luc Montagnier's lab at the Institut Pasteur, in France, isolate the virus that causes AIDS they locate it in the swollen lymph node of a patient
  • Viruse causes

    Viruse causes
    Dr. Robert Gallo of the NIH announces that he's identified the virus that causes AIDS
  • AIDS

    After dozens of Americans are infected with AIDS from blood transfusions, the first blood-screening test to detect the presence or absence of HIV antibodies
  • Tests

    A series of more sensitive tests are developed and implemented to screen donated blood for infectious diseases: two tests that screen for indirect evidence of hepatitis