Egyptians credited with record of blood from entombed pharohs
Galen Guesses Blood
Through his dissection and experimentation of animals, Galen first hypothesized arteries and veins were two very different organs. His ideas formed the core of what scientists conscider as "modern medicine."
Jun 15, 1250
Respiratory System Description
Ibn al-Nafis is credited with the discovery of the pulmonary circulation system and describes the flow of blood to and from the lungs.
May 26, 1553
Galen Theory Refutation
Sir Michael Servetus refutes Galen's theory suggesting that blood flows from one side of the heart to the other through the lungs instead of through the wall between the ventricles.
1st cited drawing of vein valves
Fabricius de Padua, publishes ON THE VALVES IN VEINS, with first credited drawings of vein valves.
Explanation of Blood Circulation by William Harvey
William Harvey publishes his masterwork Exercitation Anatomica De Motu Cordis Et Sanguinis In Animalibus in which he explains that blood circulates in the body and is pumped by the heart.
Observation and Description
Jan Swammerdam credited with first observation and decription of blood.
Observation of Capilary System
Marcello Malpighi uses primitive microscope to observe the capillary system.
1st Blood Transfusion
Richard Lower performs the first recorded blood transfusion in animals. He connects the jugular of a bleeding dog to the neck artery of second dog to resuscitate the first.
Accurate and Precise Description
Anton van Leeuwenhoek approximates size of red blood cells down to 1/25000 the size of a grain of sand.
First noted research on clotting of blood
William Hewson details blood clots In his book Experimental Enquiry Into the Properties of the Blood and if first credited with identifying what is now commonly known as fibrogen.
1st recorded Human to Human blood transfusion
James Blundell performs the first recorded human-to-human blood transfusion using a syringe.
1st recorded observation of plateletes
Sir William Osler observes platelets, small cell fragments from the bone marrow make up the bulk of clots formed in blood vessels.
American Red Cross
Sarah Barton establishes American Red Cross.
Author Bram Stoker creates arguably the most famous horror story about vampires.
1st ID of Blood Types
Karl Landsteiner identifies three main human blood groups as A B and C, later changed to O.
Blood First Noted Investigation by Egyptians
Egyptians credited with discovery
Egyptians first record blood of entombed Pharoes
Discovery of 4th blood type
Alfred von Decastello and Adriano Sturli, Karl Landsteiner's compadres identify a fourth blood grooup observing agglutinizqation in both A and B tubes.
Elimination of transfusion reactions
Dr. Reuben Ottenberg performs the first transfusion using cross matching, eliminating most forms of transfusion reactions.
No danger for blood clot found
Dr. Richard Lewisohn formulates the mixture of sodium citrate that prevents clotting that cuses no harm to patient
Dr. Richard Weil
Dr. Richard Weil determines that citrated blood can be refrigerated and stored for a few days and then successfully transfused.
First recorded blood bank opening
Oswald Robertson, no relation to Duck Dynasty cast, establishes the first blood depot
1st recorded blood donor service
Percy Lane Oliver begins operates a blood donor service out of his home in London. He recruits 24/7 vollunteers who screen patients for diseases.
Red Cross goes Viral (No pun intended)
American Red Cross established nationwide.
!st recorded transfusion w/ cadaver blood
Dr. Serge Yudin is the first to test the efficacy of transfusing humans with cadaver blood
First transport of field medicine on battlefield
Federico Duran-Jorda refrigerates blood and transports with refrigerated vehicles during the Spanish Civil War.
Karl Landsteiner discovers Rh bloodgroup
Drs. Karl Landsteiner and Alexander Wiener discover the Rh blood group through experiments with the red blood cells of Rhesus monkeys.
Viable replacement found for whole blood
Charles Drew develops techniques to sepparate and preserve blood plasma, which he finds to be a viable substitute for whole blood
Dr. Isidor Ravdin albumin blood increase
Philadelphia surgeon Dr. Isidor Ravdin albumin to increase blood volume to treat victims of Pearl Harbor attack.
Viable replacement for glass jar
Carl W. Walter develops viable replacement for glass bottles through the use of plastic bags.
First recorded discovery of hemogloblin
Dr. Max Perutz working at Cambridge University, England, is able to unravel the structure of hemoglobin using his awesome x-ray chystallography skills.
First recorded dicovery of AIDS
Drs. Robert Gallo and Luc Montagnier credited with first discoveryof AIDS prevelent amongst Gay men. Renamed AIDS after previousy being titled GRID.
AIDS causes isolated
Dr. Luc Montagnier's lab in France isolates the AIDS virus.
Dr. Robert Gallo announces that he's identified the virus known as AIDS, which he calls HTLV III (human T-cell lymphotropic virus)
First Blood Screening tests developed
The first blood-screening test to detect the presence or absence of HIV antibodies developed after thousands of Americans infected adopted by American blood banks and plasma centers.
Jurassic Park scientists clone dinosaurs
Using DNA from the blood of a fossilized mosquito, scientists at Jurassic Park successfully clone dinosaurs.
AIDS Test Developmentation
Tests developed and implemented to screen donated blood for infectious diseases: (anti-HTLV-I) and the (NAT)
The term 'Vegetarian Vampire' coined
Stephanie Meyer writes Twilight, the first book of the saga