Eminent Cairo discovers and goes into further explaination about pulmonary Circulation, which is flow of blood to and from the lungs.
Apr 24, 1553
Michael Servetus suggest that blood flows from one side of the heart to the other and touches the lungs instead of the ventricles walls.
Feb 21, 1555
Andreas Vesalius criticize Galen about the detailing human anatomy.
An antominist named Fabricius published his work on The Valves and Veins and it represents the first drawing of vein valves.
William Harvey explains that the blood circulates within the body and being pumped by the heart .
Red Blood Cells
Jan Swammerdam is the first person to describe and observer red blood cells
Marcello Malpighi observes the capillary system.
Richard Lower performs the first recorded animal blood transfusion. He used two dogs and connects a juglar vein to each other resuscitating the other dog.
Jean-Baptiste Denis does a blood transfusion using a nine ounces of lamb blood on a tennage boy, then he stops doing transfusions because Antoine Mauroy death. Later starts doing a transfusions for 20 shillings.
Anton van Leeuwenhoek goes into further detail about Red Blood cells saying they are 25,000 times smaller than a fine grain of sand.
William Hewson researched blood coagulation and about fibrogen which is the main protein in clotting process.
Human to Human
Philip Syng Physick preformed the first human to human blood transfusion, but it wasn't published
James Blundell does the first recorded human to human blood diffusion, but the patient dies after showing improvement.
Sir William Osler observe bulk of clots formed in blood vessels and later they are called platelets.
Karl Landsteiner discoveres the 3 main human blood groups. The blood groups are A, B, and C, but C later changes to O
Alfred von Decastello and Adriano Sturli indentify the fourth blood group AB.
Dr. Reuben Ottenberg
Reuben Ottenberg was the first person to perform a cross matching blood transfusion and has success with 128 cases.
Albert Hustin and Luis Agote discover adding sodium citrate to blood prevents the blood from clotting
Dr. Richard Lewisohn creates a optium concentration of sodium Citrate that can be mixed with donar blood to prevent clot and also discovers keeping blood refrigerated and stored can still be transfused successfully.
Dr. Oswald Robertson established the first blood depot or in other words a blood bank by storing type O blood during War World 1 in the battle of Cambrai
Dr. Serge Yudin first to do a transfusion with humans using corps blood and saves a man who slashed his wrist by injecting blood from a 60 year old dead man. The soviets are the first to have connections collecting and storing blood for transfusions.
Anesthesiologists at the Mayo Clinic in Minnesota were the first to begin storing citrated blood and make use for teansusions in a U.S hospital.
Collection of blood
Federico Duran-Jorda creates the Barcelona Blood-Transfusion Service which it collects and test blood it also perserves and stores the blood. The service also transported to the front line hospitals during the Spanish Civil War.
Drs. Philip Levine and R.E. Stetson discover an unknown antibody in a female blood while she is giving birth. The blood in the fetus triggers the antibody production in the mother.
Drs. Karl Landsteiner and Alexander Wiener discover Rh blood group and discovered the antibody to be anti-Rh.
American Red Cross agrees to create a civilian blood donar service to collect blood plasma for the war effort.The first one to open was in New York on Feb. 4 and Dr. Ravdin helps succefully treat victims of the Pearl Harbor attack with albumin.
Red Blood Cross expands over the country. Independent and community blood banks join together and called the American Association of blood banks.
Dr. Carl W. Walter creates a strong portable container using plastic that revolutionizes blood collection.
Dr. Max Perutz unravels the structure of hemoglobin with the use of X-rays. Hemoglobin is a protein wthin the red blood cells to carry oxygen.
Dr. Judith Pool
Dr. Judith Pool discovered cryoprecipitates that creates greater clotting than plasma. It helps prevent hemophiliacs to travel to the hospital because cryoprecipitates can be frozened and infused at home after being thawed.
Drs. Kenneth M. Brinkhous and Edward Shanbrom pooled large quantities of plasma and redissolved, treated, filtered and centrifuged and results in a powder. The powder is 100 times stronger than raw plasma and injected with a syringe.
The first case of GRID or in other words AIDS amongst gay men were reported.
Dr. Luc Montagnier isolates the virus that causes AIDS. The location was in the Lymph node in the neck.
The Cause of AIDS
Dr. Robert Gallo indentifies the virus that causes AIDS which is human T-cell lymphotropic virus.
Test like the anti-HTLV-1, the Hepatitis C test, the HIV-1 and HIV-2 antibodies test,the HIV p24 antigen test and the NAT test detect the genetic material of viruses like HCV and HIV.