Blood History

By Jso321
  • Jan 1, 1250

    Eminent Cairo

    Eminent Cairo
    Physician and author, Eminent Cairo, discovers how blood flows in and out of the lungs
  • Jan 1, 1553

    Michael Servetus

    Michael Servetus
    Spanish physician and theologist, Michael Servetus, rebuttles Galen's theory and suggests that blood flows to one side of the heart to the other through the lungs. He was burned at the stake for opposing the Trinity.
  • Jan Swammerdam

    He is thought to be the first perosn to observe red blood cells at only 21-years-old
  • Richard Lower

    He performed the very first (recorded) blood transfusion between two dogs, successfully resuscitating the injured dog
  • Anton van Leeuwenhoek

    He provided a better description of red blood cells. Approximating them to "25,000 times smaller than a grain of sand"
  • William Hewson

    He described his reasearch in blood coagulation. He called the coagulant a "coaguable lymph" which is now known as "fibrogen"
  • Philip Syng Physick

    He was creditied for being the first to perform a human-to-human blood transfusion; but his never published, making it unofficial.
  • James Blundell

    He was RECORDED as being the first to perfom a human-to-human blood transfusion
  • Sir William Osler

    He observed the small cell fragments in bone marrow and sees that they made up clots formed in blood vessels, they are later known as "platelets"
  • Karl Landsteiner

    He publsihed a paer on his discovery of different types; "a", "b", and "c", later known as "o"
  • Dr. Ludrig Hertoen

    He recommended that the blood of donors should be checked to see if it was compatible or incompatible with the patient, BEFORE doing the blood transfusion
  • Dr. Reuben Ottenberg

    He performed the first, cross matching, human-to-human blood tranfusion thatg actually kept the patient alive. He was successful in 128 other cases
  • Albert Hustin & Luis Agote

    Both, around the same time, discover that adding sodium citrate to blood helps prevent clotting
  • Dr. Richard Weil

    He determined that citrated blood can be stored in the refrigerator for a few days, then can still be used for blood transfusions
  • Franicis P. Rous & J.R Turner

    They together developed a citrate-glucose solution that allows blood to be stored for weeks
  • Dr. Oswald Robertson

    He stored O type blood, using the citrate-glucose solution, and established the first "blood depot"
  • Percy Lane Oliver

    He began a blood donor service; he had his volunteers tested for diseases, tested their blood types, and collected their contact information in case they needed an emergency donation
  • Soviets

    The soviets were first to establish network facilities that store blood for blood transfusions
  • Mayo Clinic

    They established an organized blood transfusion clinic and began storing citrated blood
  • Federico Duran-Jorda

    He established the Barcelona Blood Transfusion Service. He collected, stored and sent out (in refrigeratos in cars) sent them to the front line hospitals during the Spanish War
  • Dr. Norman Bethune

    He established a similar mobile blood service, but in Madrid, Spain
  • Dr. Bernard Fantus

    He used the term "blood bank" to describe blood donation centers. Obviously, the name stuck
  • Dr. Philip Levine & R.E Stetson

    They discovered an anti-body, inherited by the father when the mother became pregnant, that triggered the ant-body production in the mother
  • Dr. Karl Landsteiner & Alexander Wiener

    They discovered the Rh blood group. They also discovered that the anti-body that Levine and Stetson is anti-Rh
  • Charles Drew

    He finds a way to seperate and store blood plasm, which serves as a great blood substitute
  • The Red Cross

    They were able to collect 13 million units of blood over the course of war
  • Dr. Isidor Ravdin

    He sucessfully helped victims from Peral Harbor by using albumin to increase blood volume
  • American Association of Blood Banks

    American Association of Blood Banks is established to form a national network of blood banks. Their first meeting was held in Dallas, Texas
  • Dr. Carl W. Walter

    He revolutionized blood collection by coming up with a plastic bag that could store the blood efficiently
  • Dr. Max Perutz

    He was able to do a type of x-ray on red blood cells and see that it was made up of hemoglobin. The structure that is responsible for carrying oxygen
  • Dr. Baruch Blumberg

    He identified something on the surface of the Hepatitus B virus that triggers anti-body production. His work is important because it lead to how to identify Hepatitus B in blood donors or patients in general
  • GRID

    GRID (aka Gay-Related Immunodedeficiency Disease), was known as that because they found it more commonly in gay males. Later on, it was changed to AIDS (aka Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome)
  • Dr. Robert Gallo

    He identified the virus that causes AIDS and he calls it "HTLV III"
  • United States VS. France

    The United States and France have a legal battle on who gets credit for discovering AIDS; evetually, the two come to an agreement and share the credit and profit from AIDS' medical kits
  • Period: to


    Throughout time, more testing for more diseases are in place. Whenever someone is going to donate blood, they test for anti-HTLV-I, hepatitis C, HIV-1 and HIV-2 antibodies, HIV p24 antigen, and Nucleic Acid Amplification Testing (NAT). NAT is responsible for HIV and HCV